The threat of species extinction is increasing despite conservation efforts. Various environmental pressures like industrialization, deforestation, climate change, and so on have contributed to major extinctions in the past…
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There are so many factors that are causing wildlife extinction in the African continent. Rapid human population growth, unsustainable use of wildlife resources, lack of local support for conservation policies, inadequate government funds allocation for enforcement policies against illegal activities, commercialization, and so on are few of the reasons that are endangering African wildlife. So, the central issue of endangerment of wildlife species in the African environment and its causal factors is discussed. Furthermore, the impacts of habitat loss, over-exploitation, and poaching of the endangered species along with its conservation measures are also analyzed.
Africa is a continent rich in biodiversity because it harbors thousands of species of flora and fauna. “Africa is home to some one quarter of the world’s 4,700 mammal species, including 79 species of antelope. It also has more than 2,000 species of birds – one fifth of the world’s total – and at least 2,000 species of fish, alongside 950 amphibian species”.1 The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has over 2 million km of protected eco-regions mainly for their biodiversity values. These eco-regions include the Savannah habitats, Ethiopian montane forests, Western Guinean lowland forests, the succulent Karoo and Bioko area. According to the Red List categorization of IUCN, some of the endangered species of Africa include the Giant Golden Mole, white-tailed Rat, Riverine Rabbit, African Wild Dog, and Mountain Zebra. Threats of wildlife species extinction continue to increase, despite global measures to reduce the impact of the external pressures. It is estimated that among “the 44,838 species included in the 2008 IUCN Red List database, about 17,000 (38%) are threatened with extinction”.2 Killing and exploitation of these wildlife species and importantly habitat loss are the major reasons for the increase in endangered species count. The
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The number of employees reduced marginally in 2006. The department has about one hundred and fourteen state parks and historic sites, fifty-one areas of wildlife management, eight fish hatcheries and several field offices that are located in different parts of the state.
-The endangered species face problems at the hands of nature. -They also face the problem at the hands of human beings. -Endangered species are important to us as they can provide many benefits. -They also have an effect on the whole environment and mostly concern with the stabilization of the ecological systems.
Snow leopard population is estimated to be 4,080-6590 globally (McCarthy et al, 2003: Table II). IUCN (2006) guidelines defined population as total number of mature individuals. It is the number of identified, estimated, or inferred to capable of reproduction.
Unlike precedent, group extinctions caused by natural calamities such as volcanic explosions, asteroid hits as well as shifts of natural atmosphere, today’s crisis is almost single handed caused by human beings. Almost all species facing extinction are at risk through people activities, principally those caused by global warming, habitat loss as well as the emergence of alien species.
This branch of philosophy entails at conserving natural resources (Jardins 14). Plants and animals are living things and part of human life. They should be associated with human beings’ guiding principles and also moral and ethical values. Human beings need to check on their actions and impacts on the environment.
Study shows that by the year 2050, more than 50 percent of different species will be subjected to extinction (Barr 24). It is indeed terrifying but also factual the world is in the midst of the most horrible wave of species extinction since the terrifying extinction of the dinosaurs, centuries ago.
These rarefied languages are dated thousands of years ago to earlier species of man that walked the earth. The United Nations has compiled a list of hundreds of endangered languages with only 1-3 surviving speakers today. Out of the 7,000-8,000 languages existent world languages, New York City, one of the world’s largest metropolitan capitals, houses about 800 languages spoken among them, with some native tongues hardly used even in the country of origin but spoken there.
The problem of saving the African elephant started long ago when the risk of the elephants becoming extinct remained identified. Many came out in support of the laws passed to save the situation whereas others objected the same for their own material gains.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the efficiency of the existing international bans on trade in endangered species. The paper will argue that legalizing trade will not save these animals from extinction. Further, it will present possible measures which can be taken in order to protect endangered animals.
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