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However, in tandem with an understanding that centralization establishes and upholds a natural order, the piece also indicates that the “unsettled” minds of the people and the doubt that they have for the future is likely to create a significant hardship for any that would attempt to establish a further level of centralization or control over the territories.
Likewise, the second document, entitled “The Capital, Taxes, and the Army”, written in 646 AD also compounds the importance and need for centralization. In such a way, the author focuses on the need to maintain a national army and the importance of subservience and loyalty that this army will have to the emperor. Yet, rather than focusing on how this could be established, the article returns to the competing interests of tribal warlords and those that might wish to have a disproportionately large say in the affairs of the newly created state. The undertone of the entire article is one that leaves the reader with little question that these types of individuals cannot be won over to the cause and must ultimately be coerced by force to engage in the process of centralization.
Similarly, the third document, entitled “The Corruption of Local Officials”, focuses, not surprisingly, on the high levels of corruption being a stumbling block to further levels of centralization. With these local officials withholding money and tribute for themselves, the degree and extent to which a central emperor can raise taxes and have sway over a given region was obviously
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According to the research findings the Constitution of Japan will go through a modification within a period of five years. But some experts do disagree on this conclusion; they say that any unforeseen circumstances can change the ultimate view of Japan. An entrenched ideology, as it is seen, pacifism even though weakening will go through a slow change rather than a rapid one.
Belief in supernatural powers has always been the essential element of every society of the world since man’s known history. Humans have established different beliefs in mysterious elements of the universe, which they have labeled as faith and religion.
One of his greatest analyses was his understanding of four aesthetic principles form work of Kenko which reflected the aesthetic taste of Japanese culture. According to (Balckwell)“Donald Keene has chosen four characteristics from Kenko's work, reflective of Japanese taste, that seem particularly important: suggestion, irregularity, simplicity, and perishability”.These four principles cannot be every time used to criticize a Japanese piece of literature or writing but they do help in initiating the examination of the beauty element in the Japanese literature and art.
As compared to the western world the interpretation of life according to Japanese heritage and literature is far more practical. The aesthetic principle of Perishability that Keene’s discusses provides the readers with an interesting interpretation of death and decay as well.
Japanese emigrants have come to settle in USA in considerable numbers. Although there was a temporary halt in this process during the War, Japanese emigrants have generally been welcome to the country. Many of these emigrants and members from their generations emerged as prominent figures in America’s art and culture.
Japanese culture is a complex and challenging phenomenon. Nowadays a lot of arguments can be heard about different possible interpretations of Japanese culture. The one fact is known for sure: the culture in this country has changed after 1945.
This is the count for the only Japanese group while the actual number of Japanese in America would be higher as they are combined with other Asian groups also. The Japanese American population declined by 6.3% since
Roosevelt signed Executive Order No. 9066 empowering the U.S. Army to designate areas from which "any or all persons may be excluded." No person of Japanese ancestry living in the United States was ever convicted of any serious act of espionage or
The ruling elite and powerful clans during Nara and Meiji era claimed lineage from gods that made Japan and therefore, commanded distinct authority. However, Japan later plunged into civil war and anarchy. The circumstance facilitated a feudal society. After which, Japan embarked on a reunification process that created great stability and peace.