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ps were cemented by the establishment of close ties between subsequent leaders of these countries as they sought to work together in national goals of influencing global economic and political systems.
The cold war era is one of the period were the United States and Britain cooperated in a number of areas as both nations sought to secure their interests against resilient Soviet Union. The Anglo-American cooperation during cold was set had the objective of establishing close coordination in areas such economic performance, sharing of technological innovations and enhancing security through cooperation in defence and military movements in strategic areas. The strategies for achieving these goals were pegged at achievement of mutual benefit although there were instances where the two friendly nations were unable to share a common perspective on an issue as seen in the British attempt to ouster Nasser from Egypt presidency, which the United States did not support.1 However, the Anglo-American special relationship worked for the benefit of the countries especially when facing a perceived common threat. Therefore, given the mutual perception of Russia held by both Britain and the United States, it was only practical that the relationship would establish more areas that they agreed than where the countries did have a consensus on the best approach to handle a given domestic or international situation. Many nations that emerged from the Second World War as well as countries that had gained their independence in the past few decades faced considerable danger of falling under the influence of Soviet Union especially since they did not have strong institutional and political structures to assert their own identity. However, the reaction from these countries towards the Soviet Union could not be compared to the level of cooperation put in place by the United States and Britain as the two countries developed a coalition to face any potential threat from the Soviet Union in
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During the cold war a US spy plane which was spying over Cuba realized nuclear mussel spots being constructed. The missiles were to be used by the Soviet Union to reach the US as part of their invasions in the cold war as suggested by Smith (154). As a result the then US president Kennedy formed a group of government officials to discuss the crisis.
Communism was promoted by the USSR together with China. The desire for political supremacy between the two groups instigated the war. The target was the countries that had just gained independence. It turned into an economic as well as political war which favored some of the sides.
The Anglo-American Special relationship was of great importance to the British regime after Second World War. The British benefited from the research and development of the atomic bomb. The term ‘special relation’ to British president Churchill and other British foreign policy makers was descriptive and prescriptive (Dorey 2005, p.73).
There were three major stages in American foreign policy towards China during the Cold War: the first was outright hostility towards China as a communist nation; the second was the entreaty of China to the United States for more friendly relations; and the third was a mutual relationship as strategic partners.
There are widespread assumption on both sides of the Atlantic that the special relationship between the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US) has been declining in significance as both have gone through times of war, conflict, peace and close cooperation (Wikipedia, 2006), and will most likely to go on (Rachamn, 2001).
No doubt there have been a number of occasions as the Suez crisis of 1956 and the War in Vietnam in the 1960's and 1970's that the relationship has been less than perfect. However this has been the longest standing relationship between two nations in modern history.
It became the goal of the United States to keep its own soil safe from the threat of communist nuclear attacks by carefully constructing a network of global alliances and neutralities that were designed to contain communism and promote democracy.
The security policy of the United States during the Cold War was heavily centered on one tactic: the accumulation of nuclear bombs (Botti 45-47).
Nevertheless, different accounts by scholars of the world ascertain the period of Cold War to be between the year 1947 and 1991. This period has been referred to as ‘cold war’ by the different scholars of the
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