The century was characterized by a lot of calamities. At the time, Europe was undergoing a lot of expansion, especially in terms of technical and intellectual aspects. However, politics and natural disasters took over the century and the…
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Even with its glory of production of gold and silver, during the 14th century, production reduced and the flourishing state was in a devastating state. Nevertheless, Europe was in the era of medieval industrial revolution.
The mediaeval era can be referred to as the time of inventions, innovations in managing traditional means of production and economic growth. The mediaeval people referred to this period as the Great Pestilence or the Great Plague. There are three calamities that Europe suffered namely hunger, war and plague. The 14th Century was a period of anxiety, declined expectations and lost expectations. During the century, Europe experienced two great natural disasters; the little ice age and the Black Death. There were two ice age’s; the first one occurred from 1200 to1600 and the one from 1700 to 1800 (University of Wisconsin, uwgb.edu). During the first or mini ice age, the Baltic Sea froze to a level that had never been recorded or witnessed, while the Alpine glaciers developed. Combs points out that “crops failed due to cold temperatures and incessant rain” (168). The result of this was desperate and starved people, who went to the extent of eating one another to stay alive.
It can be said that the situation in Europe was unstable. This is because the change in climate caused a lot of changes, especially in food production, as crops failed (Bray 59). During this period, warm and intense amount of cold and wet periods were experienced in Europe. Northern Europe lost much of its wheat and the highlands of Europe produced greatly reduced crops. The feudal system was under different forms of attacks. The famine had destabilized the land-tenure system and led to the increased movement of the peasantry. Banks closed down and others collapsed. War begun to devastate France and impoverish England, while the civil war was tearing Italy apart. The population had remained steady as the food decreased, hence leading to the classical
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Introduction Universities were established in Europe for the first time during 11th century and in next four centuries fifty more universities were established. The first university established was University of Bologna and it was founded by law students. It was during 13th and 14th century that around Western Europe Universities were founded.
Why is College So Expensive? People say it “pays to go to college.” That’s true but what’s also true is that when you go to college, you pay and pay and pay. Seemingly every day, at every turn, for every reason you can think of and many more you didn’t anticipate, someone involved somehow with schooling has their hand out for more money.
It turned extremely cold between 1560 and 1850 that brought dismal repercussions to the people of Europe. It caused devastating effects in agriculture, health, economics, even arts and literature, which caused social strife and emigration. Due to the very cold climate, glaciations and storms took place and eventually tremendously affected those that lived near glaciers and the sea.
Besides heroic myths in this regard, archaeology also sheds light on Dark Age because it doesn’t take the similar stance. Archaeological studies and evidences put Arthurian myth in clear context and help understand it without being
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