This paper explores slavery and human trafficking covering slavery in America’s history. Notably, human trafficking is one of the fastest growing activities of transnational criminal organizations and in most cases, it affects women and girls as compared to men…
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Basically, individuals are trafficked between countries or within borders of a state and in most cases, those trafficked are subjected to sexual or labor exploitation. Human trafficking is one of the most common problems affecting counties and families on every continent. Mostly, human trafficking is associated with sexual exploitation but about a third of all trafficked individuals are exclusively subjected to labor exploitation such as domestic work, packing and processing, and agricultural work among others.
Normally, the victims of human trafficking are illegally relocated to another country where they are forced into slavery conditions so to enable the traffickers can benefit financially (Healey 1). Human trafficking is a form of slavery in the modern society and it is considered a form of slavery because it involves transporting individuals to another country against their will to benefit others. Human trafficking is a global problem and it does not only occur in poor areas but also in developed places. Human trafficking is mainly for sexual abuse, elimination of organs, forced labor, or forced marriage among others. It is a crime against an individual since it violates the victim’s rights of movement via coercion and so it is strongly condemned as a violation of human rights by international conventions. The most people trafficked are migrant workers who in most cases seek to escape from poverty and improve their lives and also be able to support their families. They are deceived that they will get well-paying jobs abroad but when they rich there, the promised job does not exist and as a result, they are forced to work in worse conditions or they find a job that they do not agree with.
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The author states that greed for money and riches has triggered human trafficking where individuals concerned have their victims introduced to their evil ways of making money. The ways include introduction to prostitution and pornography, sexual exploitation in people of diverse ages; that is, children young adults and even the old.
It is a global problem which has emerged as a global business which stands as the third largest source of income as an organized crime. Humans are sold, kidnapped or deceived by their own family members and thus, as a result they are sold further to groups who are involved in human trafficking (Kevin Bales, Zoe Trodd and Alex.K.
Human trafficking has been rated as the second largest criminal activity after drug trafficking industry. Many of the victims of human trafficking are exploited for the purposes of commercial sex including stripping, pornography, prostitution and live-sex shows (Cullen-DuPont 9).
and girls are forced into prostitution, men and boys into hard labor, children into sex slavery and revolutionary soldiering and babies into adoption. Poverty, female prejudice, unemployment, organized crime outfits, corruption and great prostitute demand are main causes.
Low wages and poverty are rising. With such need, it is not surprising that Russia is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for various purposes. Prostitution in Russia is not against the law, and for this reason, the area has become a popular transit point for traffickers.
The author states that human trafficking does not only happen within a country’s. Human traffickers go for the weak and vulnerable members of the society who are mainly women and children. Victims of the acts include men, women and children who are cheated and driven into trafficking, grabbing from them of their power as human beings.
The author states that the human trafficking policy has its own and strengths and weaknesses. For instance, the international trafficking protocol treaty compels nations to punish traffickers and protect the victims. Parties to the United Nations Conventions that fight human trafficking and smuggling areobliged to enact legislations.
Often, human trafficking is confused with human migration and smuggling even though the three terms are completely different. Unlike human trafficking, human migration and smuggling involves migration/transportation of people with their consent, and the main
Human trafficking is practiced in 161 countries in the world by being either source, transit or destination for people who are trafficked (UN, n.d., p.1). Sadly, even children are not spared in the heinous crime of human trafficking. On the contrary, the statistics show that children are the largest group of victims of human trafficking.
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