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The loss of the money which caused the withdrawal was as a result of poor planning on the part of the military leaders on what areas to hit and the use of magnitude. They hit the wrong area and gave the Vietcongs the advantage in the end. The media also put pressure on the government to withdraw its troops and end the war after receiving tips on the progress of war, the budget and the number of deaths (Johnson 883). This pressure went international and eventually the government gave in and withdrew.
Zinn insists and in great detail that the most important factor that led to the withdrawal was the massively organized civil rights movement against the involvement of US in Vietnam and especially in relation to the killings of innocent civilians (Zinn 484). They also protested against the excessive force being used by the US government in Vietnam especially the bombings and mass shootings by the CIA operatives.
The other factor was the fact that the young men who had been drafted burnt their draft cards and even refused to show up at the draft office. This reduced immensely the number of drafted soldiers required to go to Vietnam by more than half. The war could not continue without soldiers and since the young men had refused to be drafted, there was no alternative but to end it.
The most compelling is that of Zinn. In Johnson’s account, the US had the ability to borrow more money from other places and continue financing the war. This was therefore no major reason to end the war. However in Zinn’s account, the two major reasons provided have significant impact. If the government could not enlist enough soldiers to go to war, they would be unable to fight and hence being in an even worse place.
The civil rights movement encompassing both blacks and whites and massive student organizations would jeopardize not only the
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However, the French too were waging a war against the local people, who wanted to be rid of the colonial yoke. Soon after the world war, the fighting for the colony by the French continued, but by the year 1954, after their defeat at Dien Bien Phu, they were forced to agree to the Geneva accords, whereby Vietnam was divided at the seventeenth parallel, and elections to reunify the country were to be held by 1956.
For imparting this training, a small group of American military men were smuggled inside Vietnam via air under the aegis of Office of Strategic Services which later became CIA (Westheider,2007, p.1). This has been indicative of the greatest anomaly in American history- America had supported rebellious groups all over the world against invasive or even national governments but later on these very groups turned into threats against the US.
The rulers of South Vietnam who sought American help to oust the communists were immersed in corruption and anti-people governance. At the same time, a spirit of social equality motivated the North Vietnamese communist rulers.
Discussion Before the Vietnam War, the public in America viewed their senators, congressional representatives, public and governmental institutions and universities with great respect. However, there was a drastic shift in these views during the 1960s. When the Vietnam War started in 1955, the majority of the American public backed their government and regarded their intentions as good but as the war dragged on to the next decade with no signs of the way ending in the future, the great financial, social and economic losses incurred by the Americans (Gilbert, 2001).
The U.S. knew very little about Vietnam outside of its rice production until the French colonized the country. Even after France's colonization of Vietnam, a great deal of America's perspective and the media's perspective of Vietnam was "devoid of expertise and based on racial prejudices and stereotypes that reflected deep-seated convictions about the superiority of Western culture.
However, for the first time, the Vietnam War commenced with no noticeable or apparent reason or cause. This paper will try to understand different aspects of Vietnam War in light of readings from the given text. **In specific, South Vietnam
In this brief essay, some of these major implications for major stakeholders will be summarized. The materials for these summaries were taken from reading Lewy (1978) and The Weider History Group. For the individual soldier in the field, the ROE were often either unknown or unacknowledged.
The military actions were held on the territory of Vietnam, where Vietnamese were at home and American soldiers faced many traps. If a person is a stranger in the jungle it is very difficult for him to stay alive for a least a couple of days. A half of
which were the United States of America (USA) as a champion for democracy and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) as the leader of the communist bloc in the world.
Since it was the height of the Cold War, the USA and USSR could not fight each other directly due to
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