This essay entitled "Treaty of Versailles" concerns the peculiarities of the above-mentioned document. As the author puts it, this treaty formally ended World War I, created the League of Nations and laid the foundations for World War II. …
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The Elbe, the Oder, the Niemen and the Danube were declared as free international routes.The Versailles-Washington system has created a lot of large and small problems, which together led to war. So, East Prussia was cut off from the rest of Germany and had no train and motorway connections with it. The separate existence of the city of Danzig did not satisfy either Poland or Germany (German population totally prevailed in the city). USSR lost almost all bases of the Baltic Fleet. The Soviet fleet could be based only in Leningrad after the Treaty.Germany was unable to pay huge reparations to the Western countries. This was the reason why the French army occupied the Ruhr in 1923, which was the most developed industrial region of Germany. 10% of the German population lived in the Ruhr. It produced 40% of steel, 70% iron and 88% of coal were mined there. Occupation of the Ruhr only exacerbated the economic crisis in Germany.Many problems were not resolved during the Versailles Conference and after signing the Treaty. The new treaties were called to deal with the unsolved challenges: Treaty of St. Germain(1919), which established the current borders of Austria; Treaty of Trianon (1920) of the victorious nations and Hungary; Washington Naval Conference (1921-1922), etc.The direct consequences of the Great War and the Treaty of Versailles were so-called small wars: Romania and Serbia against the Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919); Greco-Turkish War (1919-1921); Soviet-Polish War (1920).
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The paper tells that the infamous Treaty of Versailles had resulted in nothing except renewing hostilities, fueling the organization of Nazi Party and laid the foundation of Third Reich. The futile peace attempts were not able to smother the organization of Nazi Party and the Rise of Japan. The Diplomatic Revolution which soon followed the events of 1919 virtually scrapped the Treaty of Versailles.
The war which ‘made the world safe for democracy,’ was caused by a myriad of complex issues but was initially instigated by the signing of the Versailles Treaty at the end of WWI on June 28, 1919. In essence, the treaty was intended as punishment dealt out by the allies to Germany as retribution for its unprovoked aggressive military actions.
France suffered the most during the World War I. It underwent immense monetary damage and lost millions of its youth, because almost all the fighting on the western fronts had taken place in France. France had also suffered invasion from Germany in 1870, therefore France wanted to weaken Germany in every possible way so that the country could feel secure from the German borders.
There is a common agreement among the researchers that the responsibility for the outbreak of the Second World War rests almost solely with Hitler and his ideology of Nazism. While this point of view relies on abundant historic evidence and can hardly be questioned, it must also be remembered that despite numerous restrictions imposed by the Versailles Treaty Germany managed to accumulate huge military and economic potential within only two decades.
We want a stern peace because the occasion demands it, but the severity must be designed, not for vengeance, but for justice. Above all, we want to protect the future against a repetition of the horrors of this war.
If I am elected,
It is important to remember that at the time the treaty was discussed, Germany was not physically represented at the conference table. In fact, the country did not know that it was entering into a treaty during the conference because the representatives of Germany had only signed an Armistice leading to the 1918 ceasefire.
For a treaty to achieve long-lasting effects, it has to be fair on both conflicting sides. This would have been the case if the Versailles treaty had its basis on the proposed objectives by Woodrow Wilson. Woodrows
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