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Division was evident especially due the two rival systems of alliances where neither could allow the other to be superior to the other. Sparta led the Peloponnesian league while Athens headed an empire of city-states
454 BC, the Delian league treasury, was transferred to Athens. After two years, Athens which dominated the vast Mediterranean Sea naval alliance started treating the league members as subjects rather than partners. Sparta had initially rejected the proposal of formation of the league. Athens then began fighting short wars to force members who had any intentions of defecting from the league to stay and those who had already left to rejoin.
433 BC, Athens, signed a treaty with Corcyra (modern day Corfu) to provide mutual protection, the move was interpreted as an act of provocation by Sparta and its allies and the following year Sparta cancelled her treaty with Athens.
433 BC, Athens, banned trading activities with city-states allied to Sparta. Athens also introduced high taxes to other states that led to the weakening of the Delian league. Sparta then declared war to stop Athenian control and dominance.
431 BC, Spartans ally, Thebes, sent a contingent of soldiers to seize and control a town called Potidea. However, they failed and the soldiers were caught and imprisoned. The residents of Potidea put the advancing troop of 200 to death. A day later Athens sent a messenger to plead with the townspeople against such abrupt action but it was too late as it marked the beginning of a long battle, a war.
According to Thucydides the immediate causes of the Peloponnesian war were the Corinthian opportunism. It all began when Corcyra and Corinth began disputing over Epidamnos; the dispute drew Athens and Sparta which lead to the formation of a powerful group of allies. As the initial dispute escalated another one sprung up over Potidea in northern Greece between Athens and Corinth. The squabbles began a free fall into deeper conflict. The Epidamnos and
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With this, it will study the account of Thucydides as participant and recorder of the Peloponnesian War. It will then compare the Peloponnesian narrative with the epic events of the Trojan War in Homer’s Iliad. Lastly, it will show the parallels of the developments in the Peloponnesian War with the Lysistrata and its author’s arguments of the female intervention in warfare with concern to the Iliad’s claim of man’s monopoly in war.
Ancient Greece flourished around these two city-states almost in two separate groups - the Delian league led by Athens and the Peloponnesian league led by Sparta. Most of the other city-states either joined Sparta or Athens to keep up
wever as the threat of foreign conquest dissipate, these city-states turn to each other and continue their pervious struggles over fertile lands and respective boarders -------- (Blanco).
The people inhabiting Greece were basically little groups with vastly unequal distribution
Athens wanted to assume full control of trade with the southern side of Italy and Sicily. They retaliated and eventually Corinth helped Potidaea in revolted against Athens. This led to them turning to Sparta who was their ally for help. Athens and Sparta formed two major and
, Athens chose their general Pericles to deliver this eulogy for their departed Athenian soldiers who sacrificed themselves at an opening battle of the Peloponnesian War (Brians par.1). His speech reflected dispute on the tradition of praising the dead so instead he praised
This imperialism was not forced on Peloponnese but it was chosen by them when they asked the Athenians to lead Greece’s combined armies. Therefore, this was by choice not force. Furthermore, by Peloponnese accepting Athenian imperialism, they had been bound
In terms of councils, both were meant to administer decisions for the assembly. Contrastingly, while the Athenian council consisted of five hundred individuals above 30 years, the Spartan government only required 28 members. The
One of the major reasons why I feel that Thucydides was justified in his arguments that Peloponnesian Wars were the most important is that it resulted in the defeat of Athens thereby leading to the end of the golden age of the classical Greece. For
Athens pressured its allies and neutral cities and finally the Sparta were unhappy about the increased power Athens had (Thucydides 1). The Melian dialogue was a debate by Thucydides, a historian who served in Athens
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