The Peloponnesian War - Importance to Greek Politics - Coursework Example

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The paper "The Peloponnesian War – Importance to Greek Politics" highlights that the Peloponnesian war was a battle between oligarchic Sparta and democratic Athens. Moreover, it is a battle between the most powerful infantry and strongest naval power of that time…
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The Peloponnesian War - Importance to Greek Politics
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Download file to see previous pages Ancient Greece flourished around the two city-states almost in two separate groups - the Delian league led by Athens and the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. Most of the other city-states either joined Sparta or Athens to keep up their existence. Eventually, these two city-states became two power centers of Greece and indulged in a battle of supremacy against each other. This war between Athens and Sparta was known as the Peloponnesian war. The importance of the present study lies in the fact that as one of the ancient modern civilizations; studying the history of Greece has always been a privilege. Furthermore, the Peloponnesian war was one of the very first kinds of civil war that led to massive alterations in the nature of politics in Greece. The Peloponnesian war eventually led to the alteration of the leadership of Greece, replacing Athens with Sparta as the most powerful Greek city-state.

The background of the Peloponnesian war was a culmination of events that hovered around jealousy, insecurity, and hunger for power. During the Greco-Persian war, Athens and Sparta fought side by side. In the initial stages of the war role of Sparta was much more prominent (480 BC to 479 BC) than that of Athens and Sparta became the leader of the Hellenic League. (Fine, 332) Sparta was mainly a land-based power depending on its infantry for military success. (Thucydides, Hammond, and Rhodes; IX) It was never that powerful in terms of naval power. While powerful Spartan infantry was more than sufficient to lead the Hellenic League against Persians on land and to drive them away from Greek soil, it was impossible for them to maintain the success in Persian territories of Asia and Aegean. A naval leadership soon became inevitable for such a campaign against Persia in Asia and Aegean and in such circumstances, Athens that was primarily a naval power came in the forefront (478 BC). This event marked the initiation of the rise of Athens as the prime Greek city-state ahead of Sparta. Again according to some scholars the Hellenic League at this point was subdivided into two parts. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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