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The year 1946 marks the time when this country gained independence and established itself as parliamentary republic. Since its independence the country has seen many skirmishes and wars. Many coups and attempts to take over the throne have shattered Syria’s infrastructure. The al-Assad family has been ruling the country since 1970.
Hafiz al-Assad ruled the office from 1970-2000 only to be usurped by his son Bashar al-Assad. Today the country is part of United Nations. But due to conflict in the region its membership has been deferred from the Arab League as well as from Organization of Islamic Cooperation. March 2012 marks the formation of Syrian National Coalition, a group that stands in opposition to the government. The Arab League invited the representative of this group to take Syria’s seat.
Currently Syria is governed by President Bashar al-Asad. It has been almost 3 years since conflict began. Humanitarian development achievements in the country have now been rolled back due to consistent fighting in the area. Flying bullets from everywhere make it difficult for humanitarian workers to continue their work.
The conflict in Syria has already killed over 120,000 people and displaced 6.5 million (UNDP, n.d.). The crisis has stolen employment from the 50% population pushing Syrian citizens into poverty (UNDP, n.d.). Millions of Syrians are searching for refuge in neighboring areas and their host countries face a great challenge accommodating millions of them. Influx of new refugees is a serious setback for neighboring states.
Basic needs like education, health, sanitation, infrastructure and non-existent economic opportunity has created cutthroat competition for jobs in Syria (UNDP, n.d.). People are practically living in ruins. Tensions are always on the rise threatening to rip apart the social cohesion. The UNDP workers were already deployed in Syria even before the crisis began. Their work was affected due
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In essence, MDG’s incorporate the basic parameters of a globalized world which was a creation of European countries towards the conclusion of the colonial period (Escobar 2004, 207-230). Development, on the other hand, was crucial in the sense that it denoted the significant blueprint to a new era.
This ignited a civil war gulping the entire country. Iran and Russia supported Assad and Britain, France, USA, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the European Union supported the rebels. Help for both sides came in terms of funds and arms. Assad blamed the rebels are aided by al-Qaeda and indeed gradually many foreign jihadist joined the rebels.
Revolution from above explains how the uprising was Orchestrated and conducted by both wealthy and prominent people. The book examines the emergence of Syria as a nation since it has developed during 35-years Baathist military reign. The book also analyzes how the post-independence fragility of Syria – unable to handle the emerging struggle of the nationalist and conflict of the class, paved way for the Baath party emergency to power and analyzes how the Baath’s revolution from above changed the social and political structure of Syria.
This redefinition and the coining of the new word Genocide by Lemkin have since them been of relatively tremendous importance in the general development of various human rights codes (Jonassohn and Bjo?rnson 132). Shaw, points out that Frank Chalk and Kurt Jonassohn developed a distinction definition of genocide by pointing out that Genocide should essentially be defined as being a form highly one-sided mass killing via which a given authority or state is seen to intent to completely destroy a certain given group of individuals.
This has left many doubts among both the Democrats and the Republicans concerning whether it was wise for the United States to get involved in the Syrian conflict in the first place. When the President declared his intention to attack Syria after what was suspected to be the Syrian government’s use of chemical weapons against its own people, it was expected that there would be a wide rift between the two parties in Congress.
As outlined in this paper, America’s intervention in Syria is faced by several hindrances thus America has to balance between its interests and the cost of that intervention in terms of human costs, humanitarian, economic, security and polarizing challenges.
As a result of the political situation of the country, experts note that the availability of water per capita has significantly reduced. Water that is consumed by Syrian nationals comes from different sources.
This revolutionary resistance against the ill treatment of Arab rulers continues to date in many other Arab countries like Iraq, Jordan and Kuwait too.
Influenced by the turmoil of power in several other Arab countries as a result of Arab spring, It was now time
However, it has been different as a result of the war in the country. In an argument by El-Khatib et.al Syria is a perfect example of deteriorating economy as a cause of conflicts in Arabic nations (8). The economy of Syria was
The protesters were met with police brutality and several killed. Ben Ali finally gave in and resigned in January, 2011. The protests and similar demonstrations quickly spread to other Arab countries such as Libya, Egypt and Yemen. This wave
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