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As a result, the government could not levy enough tax to fill in the deficit as the citizen’s anger grew. While the nobles got exempted, peasant with big chunks of land was handed the heaviest tax weight of all. Secondly, there was food scarcity. Food failures in that time led to high prices of bread. The parliament was dominated by the nobility, so despite the efforts of Louis XV and Louis XVI to tax them, it only resulted to resistance from the law courts. When all attempts failed in 1788, the king summoned the estates general, who was the first since 1614 which would meet in 1789. The king wanted them to meet the modern way, but parliamentarians decided they would meet the same way as 1614. Society had changed in 200 years, and the bourgeoisie was the people with the money, now money was their power/ advantage to seize the power they so much wanted to have.
Effects: In France, the bourgeois and the land owning classes emerged as the dominating power. Feudalism was dead; social order and relations were strengthened by the Coda Napoleon. The revolution unified France and improved the power of the national state. The revolution and the Napoleonic wars changed the structure of Europe and initiated the era of modern total warfare. Although few historians see the rule of terror as a hostile precursor of present-day totalitarianism, other argue that this ignores the vital role played by the revolution in establishing an example of such democratic institutions as elections and constitutions. The failed ventures of the urban lower middle class to secure economic and political gains foreshadowed the class conflicts of the 19th century. While major historical interpretations of the French revolution differ greatly, almost all agree it had an extraordinary influence of the modern world.
This French revolution maybe seen as a prototype for modern social revolution in a way that has seen many similar circumstances of social revolutions. In her book, Theda Skocpol
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French Revolution (1789-1799) The French Revolution was a period of social and political changes that had a strong impact not only on France but also on Europe as a whole. The Revolution started in the year 1789 and continued till 1799.
The French revolution of 1979 happened between 1787 and 1799, reaching the climax in 1789. This period was characterized by radical political and social upheavals. This was propelled by the American Revolutionary War, especially the ineptitude acts of King Louis XVI that enhanced frustrations among the French people.
The revolution followed hot on the heels of the American Revolution that had preceded a decade earlier and changed the political and social dimension of Europe irreversibly. Various problems led to the revolution, however, the strict class system that placed the clergy and nobility among ordinary French citizens gets pinned down as the most decisive problem (Tackett 26).
French words for Liberty, Equality and Fraternity the revolutionary bourgeois overthrew dictatorship governments and replaced them with republics where the sovereignty of the country was put in the hands of the people. French revolution is seen by many as the turning point of history of western democratic ideals.
Where the French Revolution changed the political map of Europe forever, it brought the people to the forefront of politics and set the precedence for bringing about social and political change through revolution. The old order in France was the absolutist monarchy of the Bourbons led at the time of the evolution by Louise XVI but supported by the nobility and the clergy.
Inspiration for the revolution was probably due to similar developments in America. Principles of Enlightenment were the guiding force for the revolution. Both began as moderate, turned radical and then took the conservative turn. Commenting on the causes that led
eat attention to the vastness of revolutions in the history of the world, revealing great insights on not only the origins, but also the causes of great revolutions (Adkins, 2004). This essay will explore the history of the French Revolution, citing major events that defined the