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In the article “Humanitarian Intervention: NATO Intervention in KOSOVO” the author analyzes four main aspects in assessing the sincerity of intervention with regards to humanitarianism: the presence of humanitarian intentions; basis for intervention; methods of intervention; humanitarian outcomes…
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Humanitarian Intervention: NATO Intervention in KOSOVO
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 Humanitarian Intervention: NATO Intervention in KOSOVO
Four main aspects ought to be deliberated in assessing the sincerity of intervention with regards to humanitarianism:
(i) The presence of humanitarian intentions
(ii) Humanitarian basis for intervention
(iii) Humanitarian methods of intervention
(iv) Humanitarian outcomes.
There always exists room for suspicion when it comes to the intentions of interveners. Infrequently are motivations wholesome and philanthropic. (INDEPENDENT INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION ON KOSOVO, 2000, p102). NATO mostly intervenes when the case scenario is in their interests to do so. While NATO had varied impetuses for the action in Kosovo, as well as strengthening its integrity and shielding neighboring nations from an influx of immigrants, humanitarian intentions were amongst the apprehensions legitimizing involvement. (MOCKAITIS, 2004, p86) With prevalent media descriptions of humanitarian catastrophe generating a public outpouring backing of "undertaking something" in the Balkans to the point that humanitarian apprehensions gained sway over policymaking and the conduct of government and non-state players.(WIELINK, 2001, p63)
Another aspect that must be deliberated is whether adequate grounds occur to explain intervention in legal and honorable standings. (SIANI-DAVIES, 2003, p47). Under one philosophy of admissible intervention, administrations that commit gross desecrations of human rights are to forfeit any entitlements to the protection typically offered by dominion against involvement. (ZAJMI, 2004, p87). Where a government is unqualified of defending the human rights of a dogmatic or ethno-national lesser or is itself the committer of violations against inhabitants, the use of potency on human rights grounds consider as a legal possibility. (SIMONEN, ALMEIDA & GRIER, 2000, p106).
Those for interventions and those against interventions have accurate variances in terms of whether adequate humanitarian basis for intervention occurred in relation to Kosovo. (SCHNABEL & THAKUR, 2000, p97). More or less anti-interventionists oppose that uncivilized human rights desecrations did not take part in Kosovo until the NATO bombing commenced. As times moves on and more and extra Kosovar bodies are discovered from mass burial places in Serbia, the realistic grounds for the intervention will turn out to be even clearer. (MINEAR, BAARDA & SOMMERS, 2000, p28)
There were more than a few problems with the Kosovo scenario. The NATO partners attempted to workout care in their select of distinct objectives and, for the most part, they turned to be positive. (RIZER, 2000, p123). The foremost blunder with the humanitarian means set out reposed at an advanced level: the actual strategy and expectations essential to the campaign. Beyond all, the hostile effects of the NATO operation stemmed from a lack of a comprehensible Balkans plan and, subsequently an increase and responsive technique of operating with Milosevic. (BUCKLEY, 2000, p89)
To some level the outcomes of the NATO bombing operation can be regarded as humanitarian. In proportional expressions, there were limited civilian fatalities and, astoundingly, no NATO fatalities. The deleterious bearing of the intervention, nonetheless, looms big. The possibilities of a better humanity has yet to be satisfied. (BIEBER & DASKALOVSKI, 2003, p32). Post-war Kosovo, overwhelmed by vengeance massacres of Serbs and Roma besides boundary clashes amongst Albanians and the Serb law enforcement agencies, is slightly developed. As long as vengeance attacks carry on against the Serbs and the subjugating global force fails to stop it, the outcome of NATO actions in Kosovo cannot be described as "humanitarian." (MØLLER, 1999, p100). The disappointment of worldwide forces to shield against retribution killings repudiates a humanitarian outcome.
With the above mentioned discussion concerning the balance of NATO humanitarianism action in Kosovo, it evaluates the outline of the methods and deliverables of the essay and to an extent the plain truth that the intervention of the NATO-allied states must definitely have a basis that is either political, economic or both in conjunction with their respective interests.
References
BIEBER, F., & DASKALOVSKI, Z. (2003). Understanding the war in Kosovo. London, Frank Cass.
BUCKLEY, W. J. (2000). Kosovo: contending voices on Balkan interventions. Grand Rapids, MI, William B. Eerdmans Pub.
INDEPENDENT INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION ON KOSOVO. (2000). The Kosovo report: conflict, international response, lessons learned. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
MØLLER, B. (1999). The UN, the USA and NATO humanitarian intervention in the light of Kosovo. [Copenhagen], Copenhagen Peace Research Institute.
MINEAR, L., BAARDA, T. V., & SOMMERS, M. (2000). NATO and humanitarian action in the Kosovo crisis. Providence, RI, Thomas J. Watson Jr. Institute for International Studies, Brown University.
MOCKAITIS, T. R. (2004). Civil-military cooperation in peace operations: the case of Kosovo. [Carlisle Barracks, PA], Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College.
RIZER, K. R. (2000). Military resistance to humanitarian war in Kosovo and beyond an ideological explanation. Maxwell Air Force Base, Ala, Air University Press.
SCHNABEL, A., & THAKUR, R. C. (2000). Kosovo and the challenge of humanitarian intervention selective indignation, collective action, and international citizenship. Tokyo, United Nations University Press.
SIANI-DAVIES, P. (2003). International intervention in the Balkans since 1995. London, Routledge.
SIMONEN, K., ALMEIDA, M., & GRIER, S. (2000). Operation allied force: a case of humanitarian intervention? Rome, Italy, National Defense College.
WIELINK, J. P. V. (2001). Kosovo revisited: the (ill) legality of NATO's military intervention in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Tilburg Foreign Law Review. 9, 133-161.
ZAJMI, F. (2004). NATO intervention in Kosovo: humanitarian intervention or anti-colonial war? Thesis (M.A.) -- University of New Brunswick, School of Graduate Studies, 2005. Read More
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