Download file to see previous pages...
A look into the performance of the country in the eighteenth and nineteenth century shows that Kuwait was a key link between trading partners of the Mediterranean region and India. The location of the country in the Middle East allowed effective access to seaports and desert land, where merchants engaged in successful trade activities.
With trade taking place all around Kuwait, mercantilism best defines Kuwait in the period prior to oil discovery and subsequent exploration. The economic condition of this city-state was subject to the influence of massive trade activities both within and outside Kuwaiti borders. Following trade developments and increase in the number of merchants in Kuwait, social and political practices became evident in the country. This realization would eventually set developmental pace for an oil rich nation.
In the social context, merchants were influential people in Kuwait until after oil was commercialized. The primary social organizations in Kuwait comprised of Mariners and Bedouin. These groups closely related with the merchants and rulers of the nation. Politically, Kuwait was ruled under traditional practices until the post oil period, which saw the promulgation of the state’s constitution. Politically, Sheikhs worked closely with merchants in governing Kuwait before the oil era.
Following oil discovery and subsequent exploration, Kuwait joined the richest producers of oil in the world. The commercialization of oil meant economic transformation through oil revenues and social organization in terms of the positive impacts of oil wealth. In the post oil era, Kuwait significantly shifted from trade to oil exploration in the 1950s. Government revenues, under the Sheikh-based rule, increased significantly. Political activities further heightened, thereby depicting reduced leadership collaboration between rulers and merchants/trade partners.
Most importantly, mariners became organized
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Has Kuwait Prospered with Western Relations?
The country of Kuwait Overview of the Gulf War Why Kuwait Needed Western Aid The Nature of Kuwaiti Alliances The Future of Kuwaiti Relations In Conclusion Has Kuwait Prospered with Western Relations? Introduction After all the bloodshed, strife and horror of the late 1980’s early 1990’s, Kuwait has reemerged as a particularly polished and well-funded nation, especially considering the region.
Published by the Texas State Historical Association. Thomas Ladenburg, “The Supreme Court Decides,” Digital History (2007). Mar Rubio, “Oil and economy in Mexico, 1900-1930s”. Edward Peter Fitzgeral, “Compagnie Francaise des Petroles and the Defense of the Red Line Regime in Middle Eastern Oil, 1933-36 “ Giacomo Lucciani, “ Oil and political economy in the international relations of the Middle East “ (2008).
The United States came to the rescue of Kuwait and, under the authorization of the United Nations, drove the Iraqis back to their domestic border. This Gulf War, as it is called, affected Kuwait’s previously thriving economy. It caused heavy damage to Kuwait’s oil industry, incurred several war debts and reconstruction costs, and caused the loss of essential foreign workers.
In spite of that, history is replete with interstate conflicts which in fact resulted to an act of invasion. The raison d’etat is of course unclear as in the case of Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait. The invasion of Kuwait by its neighboring state, Iraq has awakened the sleeping giants, United States (US) and United Kingdom (UK).
The weather is typical of the desert with hot and dry days in the summer (35 -- 49C) and cool in wintertime (5 - 18C).
At the end of 2004, the population of Kuwait stood at 2.75 million (Public Authority for Civil Information, 2004) with more than 60% being foreigners working in the oil-based economic sector.
Kuwait's border with Iraq has long been a source of tension between the two countries.
Kuwait is mostly comprised of flat sandy desert. Although there are no rivers or mountains, the sandy soil gradually slopes to sea level where coastal marshes, mud flats and salt depressions around the northern part of Kuwait Bay are habitats for many species of birds.
Oil was found in commercial quantities at the Burgan Field in 1938. By the June of year 1946, His Highness Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, the late Amir of Kuwait, inaugurated the export of the first shipment.
Exploration of new fields was continued as well as the export facilities were expanded to result in constructing the North and South Piers, the Sea Island and the Single Point Mooring.
and terrorist groups(Talbott and Chanda,2001;Chomsky,2002;Wolin,2002).The United States foreign policy could no longer simply address state actors and disregard non state actors; it could no longer support , or turn a blind eyes towards , oppressive, authoritarian and
Since this period, oil has been the dominant factor in both economic and political changes in Kuwait, accounting for more than ninety percent of the country’s export revenues. This latter fact has meant that it