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The reader anticipates that Swift will come up with a realistic solution by which these poor children can “contribute to the feeding, and partly to the cloathing of many thousand” (para.4).
The reader’s suspicion is aroused when Swift begins to talk about children being “saleable commodities” (Swift, 1729, p.7) and calculates a cost-effective selling price. At this point, the reader realizes that there is a catch in the argument and that Swift’s suggestion will be out of the ordinary. Then comes the “surprise ending”: Swift suggests that that “a young healthy child well nursed, is, at a year old, a most delicious nourishing and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled” (Swift, 1729, p. 9). He continues to devise plans for the sale of children and various ways to convert their flesh into delicacies. The reader is now aware that Swift’s suggestion is pure irony.
By giving the reader a jolt with his “surprise ending,” Swift greatly strengthens the validity of his real suggestion to improve the social and economic condition of Ireland under British rule in the eighteenth century: the taxation of absentee landlords, the promotion of locally manufactured goods, banning foreign luxury goods, practicing thrift and temperance and encouraging nationalism, brotherhood and virtue. He urges “landlords to have at least one degree of mercy towards their tenants” and shop-keepers to adopt “a spirit of honesty, industry, and skill” (Swift, 1729, para. 29). This is Swift’s real proposal. Swift skilfully uses his “surprise ending” to stimulate interest, rouse the reader’s conscience and make the reader more receptive to his concrete suggestions to rectify the ills of the suffering Irish
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Part four of the Discourse goes over a short summary of the initial three meditations by Descartes. Initially Descartes embarks on the belief that considers untrue all the things that he can consider doubtful; Hence demolishing everything that can fall under the Aristotelian philosophy, which is formed on the solid foundation of sensory experience and demonstrative logic.
He finally goes on to mention his true proposal for reforms in the country. Swift’s “surprise” method shocks the reader and wakens the reader’s conscience, making him particularly receptive to the soundness of Swift’s real proposal to effect reforms in Ireland.
After the surprise, the reader becomes aware of the irony in the writing.
“A Modest Proposal” is Jonathan Swift’s scathing satire, indicting the ruthless indifference of the ruling Protestant aristocracy to the sufferings of Ireland’s poor
their lot or find solutions to a vexing problem that seems to defy all decent attempts to rectify or at least moderate the severity of over-population in Ireland. Suggestions in the said modest proposal were absolutely absurd, for he advocated cannibalism as the only sensible
In the first selection reading, What Befell Candide among the Bulgarians Voltaire introduces the storyline in a general format that gave me the presumption that it would develop to climax, but this does happen. In fact,
The final paragraph shows that Swift personally would not be able to contribute children to eat since his youngest was nine and his wife could no longer have children. This surprise of offering a solution without being part of the
of Descartes’ Discourse on the Method, the ‘surprise ending’ consists of the claim that reason stands above perception and imagination for it asserts that one should consider a basis of truth for the existence of a notion or concept otherwise beyond this God, who is
Hence, this prompted him to conceive an appropriate idea meant to solve his state’s predicaments. The method entailed turning to the trade of human infants as a source of meat with the intention of improving the economy as well as reducing overpopulation.
Actually, the point in the reading when one realized that the ending would be different from what the beginning of the reading suggested that it would be was identified specifically in the ninth paragraph, Swift already insinuated that a healthy child could be turned into
Further, Swift proposes that the children would best be vendible in the meat market. Selling their children would reduce the expenses of bringing them up by already poor Irish citizens (Swift, 2001).
In addition, the proposal would be
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