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al roots in religious contexts, the rise of Zionism and Arab Nationalism has spurred the conflict between the two parties: Israelis and Arabs or Palestinians. The notion that the current conflict is a continuation of ancient feuds based on ethnic and religious disagreements is not only misleading but it also encourages biased and distorted judgments regarding the behavior of Arab Palestinians and Israelis (Tessler, 1994).
The Bible often mentions the ‘Land of Israel’ and speaks about how the Kingdom of Israel was established by Jewish people over three thousand years ago. While the kingdom was established as fully independent, the growing influence of the neighboring Roman kingdom gradually incorporated the Land of Israel as one of its provinces. This invasion was followed by heavy taxation, intervention in religious practices, and a period of tyranny forcing many Jews to flee the land. The Jews revolted against the injustices and were eventually thrown out of the city. Although a great number of Jews still resided in the land, a significant number of Jews had been displaced who still held a strong sense of Jewish identity. The Jews did not lose connection and felt that they will soon be returned to their promised land when God leads them to the place they claimed to be theirs. Jerusalem remained a part of the Eastern Roman Empire, also known as the Byzantine Empire, until when the Roman emperors had turned to Christianity. Jerusalem started to become recognized as the birthplace of Christ holding religious significance for the Christians. Years later, the region was conquered by Arab Muslims shortly after the death of Prophet Muhammad. Under the Caliphate of Umar, Jerusalem was conquered and brought under the Muslim Empire. Soon Islam became the dominant religion in the region.
The modern political movement of Zionism sought to establish an official Jewish colony in the region of Palestine. The Jews had been facing hardships in Europe due to feelings of
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Over the years, there have been many attempts to broker a peace deal but have simply fallen through due to varied reasons. Both sides have also engaged in violent confrontations on many occasions including terrorist attacks that have resulted in the loss of over 15,000 lives.
The Israelis were long exiled as a punishment from God according to the Scriptures but little by little they rose to power discretely claiming the lands they once used to reside through undeniable means. The small community of Jews who were patriotic in their mission combined to form Jewish nationalism which came to be known as Zionism.
What are the causes of the Palestinian Israeli conflict?
Arguably, the long lasting Israeli-Palestinian conflict is the most salient conflict in the past 50 years. The conflict not only affects political processes in Israel and Palestine but also it affects political situation all over in the Middle East and has a huge impact on foreign policy strategies for the US, EU and other developing and developed countries across the globe.
The dispute needs to be resolved by developing consensus between the parties. Violence in both the countries needs to be brought to an end because it costs nothing but innocent human lives. In order to make the world safer and free from terrorism, the role of big powers and UNO is inevitable.
U.S. has undermined the peace process to help Israel by providing military assistance for further more conflict with Palestine. They have, however, increased threats for its national security. Therefore, tensions have been increased in the region, re-igniting previous fears and hatred of war.
In 2002, The Road map for Peace was developed by the four international agents: Russia, the USA, United Nations and European Union. This plan did not touch religious and ethical issues but proposed negotiations plan for conflict resolution. The most recent document concerning this conflict is the Arab-Peace Initiative developed by Abdullah of Saudi Arabia.
As such, the Palestinian Intifada may be defined as a social-political movement engaged in contentious politics for the purpose of bringing the Israeli occupation to an end. Given that the definitions of both intifada stages coincide, it may very well be assumed that the root causes and objects of both are similar.
place for more than a hundred years and in these years several people and important lives have been lost on both sides of the borders (Yehoshua, 2011). Due to humungous losses of loved ones and pressure life, both sides have developed unhealthy and insolvent hatred towards each
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