American Printing - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Early 1800s and 1900s characterized a dominant popularity of this trading union. During its existence, the trade union entailed pure exclusion of the female gender in the press industry (Burr, 49)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.5% of users find it useful
American Printing
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "American Printing"

International Typographical Union This was a press trading union in the ancient stages of Print development. Early 1800s and 1900s characterized a dominant popularity of this trading union. During its existence, the trade union entailed pure exclusion of the female gender in the press industry (Burr, 49). Therefore, it was a male dominated industry. This union complied with the social perspectives towards the female gender. The female gender was associated with inferiority. In this case, this trading union conformed to the existent social perspective. The press trading union excluded the women, and it advocated for male chauvinism (Burr, 48).
This is a major icon in the technological development of the press industry. In 1885, Otto Mergenthaler invented a linotype that brought much efficiency in print production (Burr, 55). Through this invention, machine typesetting became a major preference in print productions. Compositors of this era capitalized on this inventory in their document processing. The linotype entailed a keyboard that resembled that one of the type writer. This invention was ideal for newspaper and book production. Therefore, the Mergenthaler’s invention was not for commercial document processing (Burr, 56). It purely suited composition and production of newspapers and text books.
It entailed an era of stiff competition amongst the dominant publishers in the USA. Bill Barnes and McCann were the dominant compositors of the day (Rumble, 87). They would therefore engage in stiff competitions in their composition of print productions. These competitions would always qualify McCann as the victor. Therefore, he would manifest swift skills over his opponent Bill Barnes (Rumble, 88). The swifts were most popular after the invention of the linotype by Mergenthaler.
Workshop culture
This entailed coverage of the technical inventions during the early years of the nineteenth century. During this era, major developments were made in the field of science, and the print industry attained observable benefits (Rumble, 96). For instance, the invention of the linotype machine facilitated efficient print productions in this era. The technical inventions initiated the workshop culture even in the print industry.
Roles of women in the printing industry during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries
Women underwent severe discrimination during this era. The emergence and gradual development of the print industry manifested harsh experiences that faced women. The entire print industry advocated for men’s chauvinism (Burr, 53). This was evident in the structure and principles of the trade unions established during this era. Male dominance was observable in the trade unions, and they spearheaded policies that could only favor them. For instance, International Typographical Union was dominated by men in its leadership. In this case, the men entirely excluded women from the membership of the trade union (Burr, 48). Despite of the major discrimination and unfavorable circumstances, the women played a significant role in the print industry.
Gender roles were extended from the domestic life to the workplace. In this case, women and men had separate roles in their places of work (Burr, 53). In the print industry, gender roles were evident in the different activities executed by the sexes independently. Men would take the major supervisory and managerial roles. Women would therefor take subordinate roles such as clerical and casual work. Evidently, there was intense discrimination in the allocation of roles within the workplace. Women lived under unfavorable situations due to the discrimination in roles. They majorly ventured in the basic processes of print production. For instance, women only undertook basic roles of binding (Burr, 56). They were not allowed into the tertiary levels of the binding process. Therefore, they diligently perfected the basic stages for an outstanding completion. Women had a role of basic perfection in the print industry.
As denoted previously, women were subject to intense discrimination in the allocation of roles in the workplace. They took the subordinate roles in the printing industry. Men took the prestigious positions over women (Burr, 54). There was a dominant stereotype that reinforced the incapability and inferiority of the female gender. The society perceived the women as submissive and weak. The disparity in roles oversaw skewedness in the system of remuneration (Burr, 55). Women received much lower pay than men. This is because they were considered as minors and weak beings before the men. Women played a major role in initiating a persistent quest for equality. After technological inventions such as the linotype, women manifested outstanding capability in print production. Some of them would perform even better than men. Margaret spearheaded the quest for workplace gender equality in this era (Burr, 55). Therefore, women played a major role of initiating the quest for gender equality in the workplace.
Works cited
Burr, Christina. “Defending the Art preservative: Class and Gender relations in the Printing Trade Unions, 1850-1914.” Athabasca University Press. 1993.
Rumble, Walker. “From the shop floor to the show: Joseph W McCann, typesetting races, and expressive work in 19th Century America.” Journal of Popular Culture. 1998. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“American Printing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
American Printing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from
(American Printing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
American Printing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words.
“American Printing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


3D Printing: Manufacturing Revolution

... can now be produced in much shorter time and low costs using 3D printing techniques. From articles of cutlery to random automotive parts, anything can be produced by just creating a 3D model in computer software and then pressing the ‘print’ button on our desktop 3D printing machines. Such manufacturing services are also offered at various 3D printing stores which have recently sprung up in market places in American metropolis. Another advantage it has over the traditional manufacturing processes is the lesser amount of ‘scrap material’ it generates during its manufacturing operation. It is quite evident from above discussion that the technology has the potential to be implemented as first choice manufacturing technique for most... ?3D...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

The Visual System in the Blind: A Refined Sensation of Sound and Touch alphabetical letter. This system was later on developed into higher grading system where words or phrases were formed with fewer characters for ease of writing. Since then, it has been the universal method of written communication among the blind and this can be seen in books, money, elevators, signs, et cetera (American Printing House for the Blind, 2008). In 2007, the Annual Report from the American Printing House for the Blind (2008) reflected that there are approximately 57,696 legally blind children in the United States yet only ten percent of that population use Braille as their primary reading medium. The decline of Braille usage has been known to be caused by...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Invention of printing press

...? CHANGING OF COMMUNICATION SINCE THE INVENTION OF PRINTING PRESS by of the of the of the School State 17 January, 2013 Introduction Communication has been a vital aspect of life since the origin of man. Over, the years, communication has evolved from the use of sign languages, to scribes, to writing scripts, to printing, and finally, the use modern communication technologies. All these have effectively contributed to shaping societies and different cultures across the globe. However, in some parts of the world, the communication medium or technologies either delay, or come earlier than others, which in turn affects development balance, and effective communication across regions. Before the invention of the printing press... , the...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

American printing

...American Printing Question The era between 1600 and 1800 manifested a unique trend in the American printing industry. The printing industry had a congruent relationship with the pubic during this era. This was due to the dissemination of crucial information about the society (Frasca, 12). However, this relationship did not extend to the American government. During this era, America was under authoritarian rule. Therefore, the government would highly discourage newspapers and other forms of print media. The leadership believed that the free massive dissemination of information was detrimental to the authorities (Frasca,...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper

Discuss the personalities, background of the person/people (social group) involved in American Printing in the late 19th and ear

...The Evolution of Printing newspaper in the USA from the end 19th through 20th Century By the beginning of 19th Century, fifty two newspapers London papers with more than hundred titles. After “The Thunderer” was used in first rotary printing press, it was the first national newspaper which was distributed via steam train to immensely grow in urban areas across the nation. This assisted to make sure that profitability of paper is growing its influence. By the end of the 19th Century, American printer Ira W. Rubel accidentally found an image when he transferred from plate cylinder of rotary to rubber blanket of impression cylinder during paper-feed stoppage as it was used in...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Digital Textile Printing Technologies

...Digital Textile Printing Technologies A Report for the "Textile" Today's conventional textile and fashion marketplace is going through inventive, technical and product development changes. Change is defined as verb meaning to make different. Digital printing technologies have experienced quick change throughout the past decade, and since 1990, commentators have been anticipating that the sector will "take off". However, it has taken three years for this forecast to sound convincing. Textile manufacturers will have to rely on their strengths in the field of product innovation and services in order to survive. Technology as Catalyst explores the interconnected role of hi-tech equipment and handwork in the...
25 Pages(6250 words)Essay

Inkjet Printing Techniques

...of the of the of the Inkjet Printing Techniques Introduction Inkjet printing techniques are beingincreasingly employed in mechatronics fabrication. This is on account of their being less expensive and quicker to implement, in contrast to the other options that entail the use of expensive equipment, masks, and a clean room for processing. Mechatronics fabrication, in the context of inkjet printing, is a fairly simple technique; and it provides considerable flexibility, with regard to the substrates and ink materials that can be used (Madou164). Inkjet printers function, by ejecting a small drop, which is a few picoliters, of ink through a very fine nozzle. This nozzle is connected to an...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Parvo Virus in Puppies; Does my Puppy really need it and why

4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

3D printing

... Advantages and Disadvantages of 3D Printing Introduction Over the recent past, there has been huge advancements in the field of technology. Today, people can produce or manufacture products at a speedy rate due to these advancements. A good example of modern technology include 3D printing. Though technology has led to increased productivity and efficiency, there are also potential disadvantages. It is therefore the obligation of technology users to ensure they use it within legal and moral frameworks. This paper defines 3D printing and subsequently explicates the advantages and disadvantages of the technology. Defining 3D printing 3D printing can best be understood by defining a 3D printer. According to Kelly, "A 3D printer... is a...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Current Uses of 3D Printing

...Introduction In the era of globalization and technological advancement, the manufacturing process is believed to be identical with factories, production lines, economies of scale and machine implements. The 3D printing technology is considered as rapid prototyping where a 3D object is formed and generated by setting consecutive covers of material. The printing concept of 3D technology saves cost and time by excluding the requirement of designing two separate model shares. The Financial Times states that the prevailing growth of 3D technology is believed to be larger than that of World Wide Web. In 3D printing technology, the host of processes and technologies is being covered within the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic American Printing for FREE!

Contact Us