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The origin of Transnationalism in Africa can be traced back to the post independence period in the 1960s. Most countries in Africa got their independence from their colonial masters and this ushered in a new set of leadership throughout the continent. The political class emerged as the de facto custodians of the post colonial state and thus took most of the national resources. The civil class that comprised of educated and informed citizens was left out of the decision making process and this generated intense struggles for power and influence (Okome & Olufemi, 2012). This gave rise to transnational dynamics as some citizens struggled to cope with national and global forces.
The authors argue that globalization preceded transnationalism. Globalization can be defined as the process through the world has integrated through interchange of ideas, trade and culture. Further, advances in technology have made it possible for people from diverse geographic locations to communicate with other. Imperatively, geographical boundaries no longer restrict the flow of communication and ideas among all the people in the globe. It can be argued that indeed there has been a high level of interconnectedness as has been witnessed in the recent past. Globalization was also fuelled by the inevitable interdependence of countries for trade under other aspects of cooperation. With the realization that no country can prosper alone, the concept of globalization was slowly established as countries strived to be linked.
Inevitably, Africa had to play its role in the globalized world. The world economy is interconnected and all the regions have a stake in it. After colonialism, African countries had to grapple with the new realities of managing themselves. This responsibility of African states managing themselves came with the requirement that the countries had to be economically empowered. The poor infrastructure in most post colonial African countries meant that the countries
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