StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Humanists and Reformers - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
In fact, few perceive reformism as an extension of humanism despite their significant differences and criticism of these two schools…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.3% of users find it useful
Humanists and Reformers
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Humanists and Reformers"

No. Humanists and Reformers The phenomena of humanism and reformism have been seen as two sides of a same coin due to striking similarities in their fundamental principles. In fact, few perceive reformism as an extension of humanism despite their significant differences and criticism of these two schools of thought over each other’s doctrines. Comparing the work of Erasmus and More with the writings of Martin Luther and John Calvin reveals that humanists and reformists appear to be advocates of removal of corruption and sinful practices in clergymen and higher priests. A simple example is Erasmus’s freedom of will and religious tolerance in comparison with Luther’s rejection of paid indulgence. Another similarity that emerged out of the writings of these four authors is their consideration paid to the importance of early biblical scripts. It has been found that both humanists and reformists used earlier Greek and Latin bibles as a source of understating the early doctrines of Jesus Christ and attempted to promulgate the teachings of earlier scripts along with special attention paid to removal of unjust acts and corrupt people from higher clergy of Christianity. Another striking similarity is their attempt of investigating the core meanings of earlier biblical scripts and their reference to the practices of 16th century instead of simply bringing a reform by questioning church’s authority. Other attributes such as references to practices of early church, criticism on scholastic theological approach and problems in church i.e. simony, pluralism, favoritism and illiteracy in clergymen, also show further similarities (“The Reformations” 4). Reformism has been considered as an ultimate outcome of humanism due these resemblances (Patrick n.d).
Where humanists like Erasmus and More are accused of laying down the foundation of Protestantism, both sects are often found criticizing each other due to some major differences. Erasmus’s and More’s writings have been found more convincing for the elite class with an understanding of Latin. On the other hand, reformists like Luther and Calvin addressed the concerns of every social class when it came to church and its way of functioning as a nucleus of society i.e. authority of religion and society’s civil law. Humanists also showed their adherence to the higher offices of church and did not question the authority of pope as the leader of the church and its proceedings whereas reformers considered only faith as a source of acquiring salvation by following bible. In extension to that, Luther criticized infallibility of the pope and other offices of the church. Humanists sought for changes in the church by supporting the presence of literate priests with variations in the mannerism of Christian worshiping (Patrick 593). On the other hand, Luther questioned fundamental beliefs that acted as the foundation of Christianity by shunning the possibility of human salvation through one’s own deeds. It can be seen that despite all the opposition shown for the corruption in church by virtue of illiteracy, pluralism and other malpractices, humanism remained a supporter of church and pope with most of humanists namely Erasmus and More following Catholic teachings strictly. Writings also reveal that Luther had a rather aggressive tone towards church’s corruption whereas Calvin followed a mild and apologetic tone that reflected his admiration for Erasmus.
Work Cited
Patrcik, James. Renaissance and Reformation. Marshall Cavendish. 2007. Print.
“The Reformation.” Historysage. n.p. 2012. Web. 4th Feb. 2013. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Humanists and Reformers Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1613945-humanists-and-reformers
(Humanists and Reformers Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/history/1613945-humanists-and-reformers.
“Humanists and Reformers Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1613945-humanists-and-reformers.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Humanists and Reformers

Why did Progressive reformers believe it essential to curb the power of American capitalism Were they right

...Why did Progressive reformers believe it essential to curb the power of American capitalism? Were they right? Introduction The rise of Progressive Reformers during the onset of 20Th century as the state was preparing itself for WW1 significantly brought changes in American’s economical, political and social sectors. Reformers comprised of both women and men emanating from various social classes, occupations as well as races who felt regime’s traditional attitudes were inapplicable comparable to harsh conditions, which Americans during then experienced on daily basis. This was contrary to what the then government, which through the constitution claimed to offer its citizens. During then,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Religious Practices of the Masses During the Renaissance

...that it is sometimes hard to perceive that medieval people are part of a religion. However, the Church became the "source of education entertainment, most social occasions, and of course, faith." (Louis Dudley 3) Although the southern humanists were preoccupied redefining the relationship between God and humans, the Northern Europeans still took the Church's practices seriously. There transpired various religious practices that the Church performed during the ancient times that were sources of "re-categorization" and reformation to some amount. These are usually in the form of the Sacraments, which are visible to the paintings and architectural designs of artists among them are famous painters...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Sir Thomas More - Renaissance

...to be drawn from a revitalized Church and from the social application especially of neo-Stoic ideas found in medieval as well as classical sources 3. Since it was plain to the humanists that unless wars could largely be prevented, social reconstruction would be well-nigh impossible, much of the London Reformers' literary and political energies went into labors for peace in their time. The 'propaganda' furnishes indeed a signal illustration of the tendency, since the Renaissance, for conscious modification of public opinion and reshaping of society toward an ideal state. The vital principle of a society may be found in its visions of a good life and of the ways and means by which the human pursuit of...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Did the antebellum reformers succeed in their efforts to better America between 1820 and 1860

... Reforming America: 1820-1860 The period of 1820-1860 during American history was the most contentious era as its citizens struggled with a new constitution and a new political philosophy. America was expanding geographically and demographically and was confronted with the issues of women's rights and slavery. Temperance, religion, class, and agriculture also became issues of fairness as the citizenry attempted to forge a new country with a myriad of ideas and attitudes. One may view these differing opinions as to leading to a civil war and an uncertain future of further oppression. Yet, without the period of spirited public debate the reform movements may have been locked into silence. The reformers, while not being able to avert... ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The Problem of Authority in the Continental Reformers

...that men needed the restrictions that laws provide and advocated absolute obedience to authority while upholding spiritual freedom (New 34). This contention on absolute obedience is dubious since Luther decried the same absolutism brought about by the 'indulgences' of the Pope. Furthermore, his overly passionate stance on the foreigners' exploitation of Germany evoked hostile resentment against the foreigners, as well as patriotism and indignation from the Germans (New 35). For many liberals and humanists in that period, Luther's type of reformation was fundamental - overly passionate and almost bordering on rebellion. John Calvin employed the same kind of radicalism in order to alter the political and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Reformers

...19th Century Reformers: Examining Social Problems and Various Works By Yuliya 19th Century Reformers: Examining Social Problems and Various Works The reformer movement of the 19th century involved making significant changes to the current system of values and beliefs in the United States. Many reformers had somewhat radical viewpoints regarding social change, such as invoking the necessity for change in religious sentiments as well as promoting equality (among other issues). The work of one specific reformer, Sojourner Truth, will be discussed in depth. It is important to recognize that many of the social reformers were strongly against...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

In what ways did humanists have an effect on cultural and religious development

...The Humanists’ Influence on Cultural and Religious Development By critically evaluating the works and treatises produced by the humanists, it becomes evident that the humanist writers, philosophers and intellectuals have rendered worthwhile services in the cultural and religious developments of human societies by infusing spiritual thoughtfulness and significance of moral values in them. Since philosophers appear to be the rebels of the social establishment, and intend to bring revolutionary reforms in the world, they firmly stand against the prevailing perversion and deviancy from the true religious teachings and traditional norms. The intellectuals not only lament over...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Compare and contrast the critiques and solutions proposed by the reformers of the progressive Era to those of the New Deal Era to the problems posed by political and economic inequity

...The Progressive Era and the New Deal Era Introduction The two eras were critical in the American history as they majorly focused on helping the American economy that was speedily disintegrating. The progressive era comprised the period between the mid 1890s and early 1920s which is often referred to as the bridge to modern times, as attitudes toward the proper role of administration were altering from the restricted responsibility favored in the 19th century to the ever more expanding role selected in the 20th century. It majorly emphasized on fiscal and political restructuring movements. The economic reforms involved prolonged directives, enhanced antitrust group, revenue, and the extension of collective insurance...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

How did social reformers such as Edward Bellamy, Henry George, and the Knights of Labor conceive of liberty and freedom differently than the proponents of the liberty of contract and laisse faire like Herbert Spencer and Andrew Carnegie Which of these g

...How did social reformers such as Edward Bellamy, Henry George, and the Knights of Labor conceive of liberty and freedom differently than the proponents of the liberty of contract and laissez-faire like Herbert Spencer and Andrew Carnegie? Which of these groups was successful in imposing their vision on the larger society in the years before the turn of the century? Why? Introduction Liberty and freedom was conceived differently by the social reformers and the proponents of the liberty of contract and laissez-faire. The difference actually emanated in the manner in which the two groups interpreted the suitability of the operation of the economy. While the economy can operate on the basis of capitalism...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Christianity: Protestant Reformers

...Christianity Christianity Protestant Reformers comprise of a splinter group that broke away from the Catholic Church of irreconcilable differences worth mentioning. The group was led by Martin Luther including his followers who were churchmen, theologians, and statesmen determining to makes changes within the Roman Catholic Church. One of the differences that split the group entailed the need for transparency and accountability because of endless corruption. Peasants felt that corruption was derailing the goals and objectives such as liturgy considered Byzantine-inspired practices. Second, theological and national tensions that were not properly addressed fuelled the need to walk away from the bigger church to agitate for...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Humanists and Reformers for FREE!

Contact Us