Free

Week 1 Discussion Question - Article Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Numerous international relations theories were discussed during the first week of classes, and these included the Realist Perspective Theory, the Liberal Theory, and the Critical Perspectives Theory which consisted of several other theories: historical materialism,…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.6% of users find it useful
Week 1 Discussion Question
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Week 1 Discussion Question"

Answers to Week Discussion Questions Numerous international relations theories were discussed during the first week es, and these included the Realist Perspective Theory, the Liberal Theory, and the Critical Perspectives Theory which consisted of several other theories: historical materialism, constructivism, feminism and environmentalism. All of the mentioned theories are able to explain how the society works from the beginning of the industrial revolution until the modern age, as well as in how the actions and interactions of all members of the society are able to influence the state’s growth and development. However, the most used theory and much discussed in the other readings and videos for the class is the Realist Perspective theory, which talks about THE STATE BEING THE MOST CENTRAL IN THE WORKINGS OF THE SOCIETY, AS WELL AS THE UNIFYING BODY WITH REGARDS TO THE INTERNAL WORKINGS OF THE STATE OR SOVEREIGNTY (Cohn 57). In the exit speech by former US President Dwight David Eisenhower, he discussed the possible EFFECTS THAT COULD HAPPEN SHOULD THE STATE BEFALL UNDER NEGATIVE INFLUENCES including the endangerment of liberty and security, thus the need to enhance both the state’s economic and military defenses (Eisenhower). Karl Marx was also able to explain this kind of centralization of power in smaller terms, such as the case of the capitalist or company-owner and the company’s employees. In the condensed version of Marx’s Das Kapital in Spark Notes, it was explained that THE CAPITALIST HAS THE UPPER-HAND WITH REGARDS TO THE HANDLING OF THE RAW MATERIALS AS WELL AS THE LABOR COSTS, ALLOWING HIM THE ABILITY TO DICTATE BOTH THE PRICE AND THE WAGES OF THE WORKERS (Marx). Mick Brooks also explained the circumstances on how capitalism relies on the realist approaches, such as THE UNEQUAL DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH, ESPECIALLY WITH REGARDS TO BOTH THE INCOME-GENERATING METHODS OF COMPANIES AS WELL AS THE INCREASE IN THE GAP BETWEEN THE RICH AND THE POOR (Brooks). The same was also mentioned by Marilyn Waring in a short film, wherein THE POLITICAL PARTIES GET DICTATED BY THE LARGER COMPANIES IN DOING THEIR BIDDING DUE TO THE SUPPORT THAT THE SAID COMPANIES PROVIDE TO POLITICAL PARTIES, and instead of being able to read what the public wants, the laws mostly cater to the companies and subsequently, the rich folk (Who’s Counting?). Lastly, the same centralization of power in the form of the TEAM-UP OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND THE RICH LAND GRABBERS ROBBED THE NATIVE INDIANS IN WHITE EARTH SETTLEMENT OF THEIR OWN LANDS, WHICH IN TURN MADE THEM POORER THAN THEIR OWN ANCESTORS (Laduke 123). Based on the gist of the aforementioned readings, as long as the central body of power is able to control the weaker or the poorer members of society, as well as being able to follow what its supporters needed of them, there is no need to distribute the wealth among the citizens since the economy of the state is doing just fine.
2. Karl Marx mentioned in his Das Kapital that the labor power is able to provide surplus value or profit, and I agree with this. This is comparable to a country that is governed by realist principles, in the sense that WHAT DETERMINES THE ECONOMIC STATUS OF THE COUNTRY IS NOT HOW MUCH EACH OF ITS CITIZENS EARN NOR HOW SATISFIED THEY ARE IN THEIR WAGES OR QUALITY OF LIVING, BUT RATHER ON HOW MUCH MONEY THEY BRING INTO THE COUNTRY, and as long as they pay taxes and other payables that it all that matters (Gertner). Using an example of a worker-capitalist situation, because THE CAPITALIST IS ABLE TO BUY ALL OF THE NECESSARY MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT IN MANUFACTURING, AS WELL AS HAVING THE POWER TO DICTATE HOW MUCH THE LABOR COSTS OR WAGES WOULD BE FOR EACH EMPLOYEE, the costs of production and the product can easily be computed (Cohn 68). In other words, because the workers have no control as to how much their workmanship costs and must be paid, they can be exploited to the point that what they receive as wages may be a lot less lower than the work’s true value, and this is dictated by the capitalist in order to reduce production costs. The things that were manufactured by the workers in turn gives much income to the capitalist because aside from THE INCOME NOT GOING DIRECTLY TO THE WORKERS BUT STRAIGHT TO THE COMPANY OWNER, no matter how much the profit is, the salary of the workers remain stagnant and small (Gertner). In a similar matter, with regards to the law of supply and demand, the labor cost is still something that the company owner or capitalist can control, since other factors such as the costs of the equipment or raw materials are dictated by the manufacturers or suppliers. By adding value to the products (e.g. turning the raw materials into a more usable or functional form) THE CAPITALIST CAN DICTATE THE PRICES OF THE MERCHANDISE DEPENDING ON THE SUPPLY OF THE PRODUCT, WHILE AT THE SAME TIME ALSO DICTATE HOW MUCH THE WORKERS ARE TO BE PAID FOR THEIR LABOR, at a fixed rate (Brooks). This difference between how much were paid for the equipment and raw materials (both have fixed amounts set by their manufacturers and suppliers) as well as how much the manual labor was paid (can be dictated by the capitalist) and how much the product was sold would be the total profit by the company or capitalist, and because there is no control over the other two factors (raw materials and equipment), the capitalist could only control the labor costs in order to gain profit. And because the labor force has no capacity to dictate how much they would want to be paid, the cycle of profit goes on for the capitalist.
Works Cited
Brooks, Mick. An Introduction to Marxs Labor Theory of Value. 15 October 2002. Web. 9 January 2013.
Cohn, Thomas H. Global Political Economy (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education Inc., 2012. Print.
Eisenhower warns us of the military industrial complex (Dwight D.Eisenhowerexit speech, January 17, 1961). Perf. Dwight D. Eisenhower. 2006. Short Film.
Gertner, John. The Rise and Fall of the GDP. 10 May 2010. Web. 9 January 2013.
Laduke, Winona. "White Earth, A Lifeway in the Forest." Laduke, Winona. All Our Relations: Native Struggles for Land and Life. Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 1999. 115-138. Print.
Spark Notes. Das Kapital: Chapter 7: Labor and Valorization Process (Karl Marx). n.d. Web. 9 January 2013.
Whos Counting? Dir. Terre Nash. Perf. Marilyn Waring. 2010. Short Film. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Week 1 Discussion Question Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Week 1 Discussion Question Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1612515-week-1-discussion-question
(Week 1 Discussion Question Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Week 1 Discussion Question Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words. https://studentshare.org/history/1612515-week-1-discussion-question.
“Week 1 Discussion Question Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1612515-week-1-discussion-question.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Week 1 Discussion Question

Discussion Question 1 Week 4

...Business Introduction An example of laws that was enacted to protect consumers in United s of America was the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act (1970). The legislature banned advertising of cigarettes on radio as well as on television. That left the tobacco industry to advertise their cigarettes only on billboards and the print media. Even the package of cigarettes was made to carry the warning labels with the message “Warning: Smoking of cigarettes is harmful to health.” The Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act demanded the use of various different cigarette warning labels that should be rotated sequentially. In a cigarette industry where I am employed, in the past twenty years, the U.S. cigarette companies used to spend... Introduction An ...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Discussion Question 1 Week 4

...Discussion Question Week 4 Market plan for Smart fast food restaurant Executive summary The Smart fast food restaurant will provide a wide range the fast food products to its customers. As the name suggest the business will aim to be the smartest business in the restaurant industry. The business will therefore aim at obtaining about 80% of the market share. The business will be located in Los Angeles in California State. In order to succeed in the industry the business will first embark on various advertisement and promotion strategies. This will help to informing the potential customers on the various products offered by Smart fast food restaurant. The restaurant will require about...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Discussion Question 1 Week 8

...Discussion Questions Businesses come up with marketing strategies in order to aid in creating awareness and be reputable among the public. Not all marketing strategies and advert are successful. Some of them may end up being perceived badly thus leading to adverse publicity. Some other times, organizations may be involved in activities that may tarnish the reputation of the company (Kurtz & Boon, 2008). Recently, Cartoon Network faced some adverse publicity after one of its adverts went wild. The company had hanged blinking electronic signs around various cities in United States. People hardly noticed them, and in most of the cities, the police had the signs removed (MacMillan, 2007). In Boston, the...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Discussion question 1 Week 9

...DISCUSSION QUESTION WEEK 9 Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Answer: 1a. 3 Answer 1b 3 Answer 2 3 References 5 Answer: 1a. Treasurers of a not-for-profit organization have the primary responsibility of looking after its financial reporting and management. Hence being the treasurer of a local not-for-profit organization it would be my duty to ensure better and sustainable financial performance of the company. Financial statements of the organization are very important to keep the managers of informed about the overall financial health of the organization (Boone, & Kurtz, 2011, p. 510). Therefore, I would like to see three types of financial statements, namely income statement, balance...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Discussion Question 1 Week 10

...Discussion Question Week 10 Discussion Question Week 10 If one agrees to accept the offer of the venture capitalist, the financial woes of the company will be solved but it would mean a loss of control for the business. This means that the venture capitalist will have a say in major decisions of the company. The venture capitalist however, can provide professional management consulting advice to the company (Chapter 17 - Financial management). With the capital infusion from the venture capitalist, the business will be revived and may even gear up for expansion. Unlike debt capital, equity capital is more expensive because one has to...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Discussion Question 2 Week 1 Accounting

...Discussion Question 2 Week Finance and Accounting Discussion Question 2 Week 1. “Bookkeeping and accounting are the same.” In terms of your role in the provision of financial services, present data to support the accuracy of this statement and support your position. One firmly believes that bookkeeping and accounting share the same adherence to rules in recording financial transactions of an organization but they are not categorically the same. Accounting is the whole integrated system required to accomplish different functions and processes of “recording, classifying, summarizing, reporting, analyzing and interpreting...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Week 3 discussion question 1 and 2

...1. After the oil embargo of 1973-74, the american middle started to see themselves oppressed and burdened by tax laws. This was a radical change from the postwar america, when those in the middle class saw themselves as among properous in the world. How did the embargo cause this change in american confidence? The reason that the oil embargo caused this kind of effect on the American confidence was because gasoline was being rationed, in some states Christmas was being cancelled, and some gas stations were refusing the sell gasoline altogether. This situation was a far cry from the gas rationing of World War II which was done with pride by the American public in support of their military. In the case of the oil embargo... After the...
1 Pages(250 words)Personal Statement

Discussion Week 3 Question 1 Retirement Planning Chapter 4

...). For example, currently I am twenty five years of age and earn a salary of 70,000 dollars per year. I would like to plan my retirement such that at the age of sixty five, I would like to be earning a retirement income of 60,000 dollars per annum For me to realize my retirement plan, I will need to calculate the amount of money I will be saving a side per year as a pension policy. For me to do this I will use the following formulae; FVn= PV(1+I)n, where PV is the amount at the beginning, I the interest, and FVn is the amount you intend to save up by the time you retire n being the number of years rate (Brigham & Ehrhardt, 2011). Assuming the interest rate will be 5%, then FVn= PV (1+I)n (Brigham & ...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Sociology week 1 discussion question #1

...Compare the contributors of two pioneers in sociology. Max Weber and Karl Marx Max Weber and Karl Marx are two strong personalities who have had a deep impact on humanity. Both had radical differences in their thoughts and viewpoints however they also share a common ground. Both were fascinated by the changes taking place in society during industrialization. According to them these changes were not suitable for people but Weber was of the view that there was nothing that could be done to make things better whereas Marx believed that things had to change. Marx was the father of socialist thoughts and people saw him as godless person and a devil whereas Weber was famous for his belief that capitalism and religion were essential... the...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper

Discussion Question Week 1 Damn Heels and the 4P's

...manager (Carl) through accurately identifying the strategies to be used for each P: product, price, promotions, and place (Scenario Script: The 4Ps of Marketing, 2013). For instance, the product is a tablet computer. Samantha could have described the product in detail to include features, functions, and other capabilities that offer competitive advantage over their competitors. The aspects noted regarding the product include: producing a high quality product using cloud technology, with stress-free computing, and applications that include office suite and access to social media tools; with two battery options (Scenario Script: The 4Ps of Marketing, 2013, p. 9). Pricing strategies were discussed in greater depth through...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Article on topic Week 1 Discussion Question for FREE!

Contact Us