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1.The Demokrat Parti was elected with a popular mandate, but within ten years it was removed from government by a military coup. Explain this turn of events while accounting for the fact that the DP retained its popularity throughout - Essay Example

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The Democrat Party or the Demokrat Parti was a political party which occupied a right wing position in Turkey; it was also considered Turkey’s third opposition group following the Liberal Republican Party and the National Development Party1. This political party was set into…
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1.The Demokrat Parti was elected with a popular mandate, but within ten years it was removed from government by a military coup. Explain this turn of events while accounting for the fact that the DP retained its popularity throughout
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The Demokat Parti was established in 1946 in opposition and response to the dominance of the Republic People’s Party2. The Republic People’s Party was founded by the Turkish Republic and stayed in power through to 1950. The first leaders of the Republic People’s Party (Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi) were highly regarded by the people before they later broke away from the party to form the Demokrat Parti (DP)3. Due to the similar founding leadership for both parties, the political leaders established similar ideologies, mostly those established in Kemalism. As such, the Demokrat Parti was prevented from diversifying from the practice of the CHP or the Republic People’s Party. Nevertheless, it was eventually able to secure significant differences in its principles and platform4. Despite its attempts at differentiating itself from the CHP, the Demokrat Parti was still functioning within the confines of the CHP and it was also prompted to stay within the confines of the 1927 Constitution5. As a result, the Demokrat Parti found it extremely difficult to secure its own identity outside the control of the Republican People’s Party. The two parties nevertheless had their differences. The Republican People’s Party was founded on statism while the Demokrat Parti was more focused on protecting state industries which helped secure the Turkish Republic following the First World War6. The Demokrat Parti did not oppose the Republican People’s Party’s westernization goals, however they also did not seek such westernization with much interest or vigor7. It was also not as secular as the Republican People’s Party, but it supported populism as it was able to secure the support from the Turkey intelligentsia8.
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