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It happened in 1985 when the United States administration under President Ronald Reagan, supplied weapons to Iran in exchange for hostages that were being held by Hezbollah a terrorist outfit loyal to Ayatollah Khomeini the Iran leader. Proceeds from this sale were given to the Contra guerrillas in Nicaragua. The Contras were armed opposition to Nicaragua’s Sandinista Junta of National Reconstruction, which formed after Anastasio Somoza Dabayle was overthrown from government.
The Gorbachev policy of Perestroika and Glasnost were the two policies that were put into practice in the USSR. Perestroika was the democratization of the communist party allowing civilians to have a modest ay, in government, and economic reform by allowing some industries to operate semi-privately and ending price control through a semi-free market system. Glasnost meant openness, which increased the freedom of expression in the media and people.
The birth control pill has defined the 20th Century by giving women an upper hand in dictating when to fall pregnant unlike before it was discovered where they relied on luck or fate. The birth control pill has made it easier to control unwanted pregnancies and control population.
The Bay of Pigs was a military incursion into Cuba by exiles that were trained and supported, by the United States government, to try and overthrow the dictatorship regime of President Fidel Castro. Their action was unsuccessful because they did not receive the expected from the
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Experiencing oppression and exploitation involves a confrontation by power imbalance and helplessness. This results in trauma, whether or not it is articulated. Significant or prolonged trauma causes increasing distortion in the experience and presentation of self.
What legal restrictions may limit the amount of dividends to be paid?
One of the major decisions made by the managers is to decide the amount of dividends to be paid out of its profits and for this purpose understanding to dividend policy is necessary. The companies act provides guidance to the managers for declaration and payment of dividends.
The abolitionist North’s decided victory in the Civil War further boosted up the country’s clear constitutional and legal stance against slavery. But the defeated South was not ready for an overnight end to slavery, though both constitutionally and legally it was abolished in country.
Until the onset of the 19th century, most people thought of race as a constituent of distinct and immutable type or, particularly, a species that shared racial characteristics like mental capacities, temperament, and body constitution. An example of these concepts is that of the Christian Western Europe which conceived that races constituted of a hierarchical life chain referred to as the Great Chain of Being.
The highly controversial issue of 'whiteness' has been subject of intensive public and scholarly debate in the U.K. and U.S. over the last decades. The recent rapid proliferation of publication dedicated to the theme is also impressive with hundreds of British, Australian, and especially American historians and scholars specialized in a variety of disciplines from law and sociology to pedagogic and cultural studies producing numerous article and books with such titles as Forever White, The Wages of Whiteness, The White Scourge, How the Irish Became White, How the British Working Class Became White, Making Whiteness, The Invention of the White Race, and Whiteness in Crisis (Bonnett, 1993, 1998
Identities are fluid and in a constant state of motion. Danzy Senna calls it the "age of fluidity" and children of mixed race - people who have one parent who is black, while the other white, Asian any combination of the three - have a unique perspective on race, racial identity and most naturally, personal racial identification.
The paper deals with the concepts of “race” and “whiteness” as social constructs. In the context of the modern global world, black-white paradigm cannot be denied and very often a color of skin of ethnic minorities prevent them from career development and many other social benefits, which are available for people with white skin.