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Although, the exaggerated interest in nationalism in 30’s led to the rise of fascist and Nazi ideas, it also provoked the anti colonial liberation movements in Asia (Smith 95). The current essay will examine the peculiarities and the differences of the nationalistic movements in Eastern, Southern, and South-Eastern Asia at the end of the 19th and the beginning of 20th century.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the countries of the South and Eastern Asia were completely dependent on England, France, and the Netherlands as their mother countries. For maintaining these areas, there were established specific methods of governing, from protectorate to politically powerless territories. The World War I gave a push to the creation of national economies, and, consequently, to the formation of the national capital and the working class. Transformation of the existing structures of the society caused the emergence of new conflicts between the labor and the capital, between the national capital and the capital of metropolis, and the decline of traditional elites. On the new basis, the national liberation movement began to develop. The newly formed national political parties sought to overcome the backwardness with the help of gaining national independence and modernization.
In India, it was Indian peasantry that formed a major force in the national liberation movement in the interwar period. To involve a broad amount of population into this movement, it was needed to take into account socio-psychological characteristics of the Indian peasantry and urban workers, yesterday’s peasants. Prominent role in the organization of mass non-violent campaign of the resistance to the colonial regime in the 20 - 40’s of the 20th century belonged to Mahatma Gandhi. He was the one to shape India national ideology. Thanks to Gandhi, the idea of the absolute independence of India was put forward. In this respect, Indian
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Most of the countries that were colonized especially by the ‘great powers’ has shown to have remarkable development as to their economy, politics, society and community, culture, and language. However, other countries had been into decolonization. Hence, this paper tries to examine the factors and reasons that led to decolonization of Asia and Africa.
Kennan’s perspective was to call for a policy that was designed to counter combat the Russians along with defending the interests that were only critical towards USA. In essence, Kennan wanted the army to only combat areas that were vital for the nation to defend against communism, such as Western Europe and Japan.
Whether the information is secondary or primary, an individual’s diligence can deduce more with the purpose of getting authentic information. History is a sequence of events leading to the present, although different authors take on different perspectives of any event that occur.
social, economic and intellectual grounds by a powerful political elite and led to intervention in Hawaii and Venezuela and to the Spanish-American War, culminating in the annexation of the Philippines. The Anti-Imperialist League was an ineffective opposition. This active
In your opinion, did either tradition or modernity "win" over the other?
Ans. Once the First World War was over, the entire socio-economic and socio-political scenario of the globe witnessed emergence of a new nation to power. The United States of America, since