Nationalism is an expression, which is used to define and identify a particular group of people on basis of a mutual political standards and belief. That is, politics is the binding factor, which binds the individuals of the same nation. …
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In terms of East and Southeast Asia, critics assert that nationalism is the process that gave rise to different nationalist movements in the region in the twentieth century. The aim and objective of these movements was to rebel against the colonial ideologies of the West.Nationalism is considered to be a process, which develops with respect to time; it does not emerge abruptly or unexpectedly. “It is not a phenomenon that appears suddenly. It is the result of a process by which a people become conscious of themselves as a separate national entity in the modern world, a process by which they become willing to transfer their primary loyalty from the village, or the region, or the monarch, to the nation-state” It is this perspective, which can be found in East and Southeast Asia. In order to integrate nationalism, several steps and measures have been adopted by the government. These measures include the suppression of opposition, the selection of a mutual language and the concentrate on economic growth in order to sustain and maintain liberty.
Nationalism and Communism in Southeast Asia is the product of colonisation. The vast majority of the East and Southeast Asian countries were “controlled either by the British, French, Dutch, Americans or Portuguese, who sought to control unnatural boundaries and had no regard for the natives of those areas” After the end of World War II, majority of the East and Southeast Asian countries declared independence from the Western imperialist. For instance, Indonesian nationalists fought with the Dutch in order to get their independence. Philippine got it independence from United States; Vietnam got its independence from France after the Indochina war. In Vietnam, the French did not have the ability to withstand Vietnamese nationalism and thus, they adopted repressive strategies in order to control it3. Majority of the Vietnamese nationalist’s politic leaders and activists were jailed. Furthermore, opposition from Vietnamese nationalists made the French to remove them from government positions and to create hurdles and obstacles in their education4. Communism is considered to be movement, which concentrates on changing the social and political structure of the society. The change is brought by creating a society in which there is no class difference among the citizens, they can freely access the goods they need and wage labour and private property concepts are disregarded1. Frequently, nationalism and communism have crossed path. For instance, the civil war in China was between these two beliefs, which concentrated on controlling China. The Chinese Civil War started in 1947 and lasted for a period of three years. China was divided into two parts; Republic of China and the People’s Republic of China. The fifties witnessed Communist China, which had gained full control of mainland China4. During the struggle for independence in Vietnam, Vietnamese nationalists fled to China, where they were ignored. However, they provided assistance to them once they realized the advantage of Vietnamese nationalists; they could be used to spy the Japanese military activities in Vietnam. In the year 1945, “the Emperor Bao Dai abdicated to Ho. Ho Chi Minh then formed a provisional government with himself as its president and Vietnam declared independence on 2nd of September, in the year 1945”1. During this time, the Americans feared the expansion of communism and thus, provided military
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Economic Development in South East Asia Student’s Names Institution’s Name Abstract The economic outlay of South East Asia reveals diverse yet unifying similarities regarding policy issues, socio-political background, and development strategy. A sound grasp of globalization demands itemized analysis of the region in question in view of its socio-economic and political identity, from the relevant past to the foreseeable future.
These have been put in place with a sole reason of making East Asia a place of unanimity and a peaceful coexistence. As noted, East Asia itself has established its own co-operational framework including integration with an aim of embracing unity that comes from within.
Southeast Asia is a region of Asia that comprises countries including South of China, north of Australia, west of New Guinea and east of India. The two major regions of Southeast Asia are Mainland Southeast Asia and the Maritime Southeast Asia. The other name for Mainland Southeast Asia is Indochina.
Vietnam policy under Eisenhower can be summed up with two headings. First, a reluctance to actively go to war in Vietnam using the full power of the American military attack force, in spite of the fact that Eisenhower acknowledged the Communist threat from China in Southeast Asia.
On the other hand, China and North Korea still remain to be crass authoritarian as they are single party states favoring totalitarianism. Besides, Taiwan has not become enough democratic due to various reasons including the critical question of national sovereignty.
By the time the last American troops were being withdrawn from Southeast Asia in March 1973, America was suffering from a war on two fronts – one abroad in Southeast Asia and one with itself. An entire generation of anti-war protestors had emerged in response to the years of bloody fighting that had.
The author states that while some countries have been able to embrace democracy others, have remained authoritarian regimes. To be able to understand the contemporary politics of South East Asia, he analyzes the region in the context of colonialism, the nationalist movements that developed as a result of the colonialism.
The author states that Nationalism and Communism in Southeast Asia is the product of colonisation. The vast majority of the East and Southeast Asian countries were controlled either by the British, French, Dutch, Americans or Portuguese, who sought to control unnatural boundaries and had no regard for the natives of those areas.
Deforestation results in watershed damages, discarded landscapes, and wildlife habitat that are destroyed. Out of all tropical regions, Southeast Asia has the highest annual deforestation rate which continues to increase. There are forests that need protection concluding that deforestation will continue if no measures of conservation.
colonizers. In 1937, there was the establishment of sovereign Burma following years of rural and urban struggle against British colonialism. On the other hand, the French in Indochina and the Dutch in Indonesia asserted their colonial rule continuously throughout the end of World War II.
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