In his book, Diamond has described various reasons as to why societies collapsed as will be discussed in this paper. The paper provides a critical review of the reasons as to why societies collapsed and…
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The paper will conclude with a critical evaluation f Diamond’s book and summarization of the main points discussed in the whole paper.
The author has succeeded in bringing out his message in the book. He has discussed the reasons as to why many societies collapsed especially in the 13th and 14th centuries. Some of the reasons as t why the societies collapsed include outbreak of deadly disease (Bubonic Plague), changes in climatic seasons, and war. Due to the above factors, many people in the societies lost their lives and this led to the reduction of people in the society. There is also the discussion of how the societies were able to recover from the loss. For one, there was strengthening of the army which enabled strong defense against the members of the society. There was cultural survival whereby the culture of the Mongols was dropped and the societies embraced the Chinese cultural traditions. There was multiplication of population due to increase of birth rates. This made the society to replace the people who were lost during the war.
According to Diamond, societies collapsed mainly in the fourteenth century due to the outbreak bubonic plague. Since the societies were crowded, the disease widely spread and caused lot of deaths to the people. The outbreak continued up to seventh century whereby by then it had claimed a lot of lives. The disease had spread and had covered most parts of Asia, Europe some parts of north Africa (Diamond 2011 , p. 350). In 1340s, merchants from Mongols and other travelers assisted in the spread of the plague along all the trade routes that were used by the Chinese people. By the year 1348, the disease had spread throughout the Mediterranean basin and most parts of Western Europe.
The other reason for the collapse according to Diamond was the changes in climatic seasons whereby in 1300 B.C there was a continued cool season for five years. This made famine to ravage the
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Jerry Ciacho May 3, 2011 The Reasons for the Collapse of Societies Societal collapse or the decline of empires, kingdoms and societies are inevitable and unavoidable. It has happened from the Chinese and Roman empires and kingdoms to the Mayan societies in Mesoamerica.
Diamond has identified five factors that contribute together in making a society fall down such as Climate change, Hostile neighbors, trade partners, environmental problems and human response against those problems and finally, political and economical factors also play a significant important role in making a society collapse or succeed.
The book mainly deals with environmental factors that make societies collapse, but also incorporates the contribution of trade partners, hostile neighbors, and climate change. A major focus of the book is the response of past societies to these threats, and the suitability of these responses.
In this industrial accident, over 1100 humans died in a factory building collapse (The Economist). However, even as many industries come in to sign agreements which seem to guarantee that they will uphold the security of the workers, there is an increased need for these firms to understand one crucial thing; that is, the security and the safety of works is and will not be determined by the signing of safety agreements.
This can be seen in the numerous countries of Eastern Europe that had adopted the Communist model, in addition to East Germany and certainly the former Soviet Union. Collapse of Communist Rule in Eastern Europe The end of the 1980s was certainly a time of immense change throughout the Eastern block of countries formerly known as the Iron Curtain.
It was estimated that the fatalities in all were 2,595 people inside and near the towers, together with the 157 people who on the two airplanes (Hirschkorn n. pag, 2003).
If we take a look at the constructiuon of the two towers, it can be noted that the towers were designed as framed tube structures to maximize office space, with columns grouped around the boundary and within the core.
According to Krugman a long term prosperity can only be ensured by a growth in total factor productivity as opposed to the growth in productivity brought about by capital investment. The Mexican Peso crises may lend credence to this argument with the after effect being the loss of confidence in Asian securities and subsequent withdrawal of capital by foreign investors.
The US dollar has been a world standard in terms of foreign exchange rates for decades. This and a lot of other factors clearly highlight how powerful and significant is US economy on a world scale. They also infer how pervasive its effect on the world environment can be.
This forced the government to raise taxes in order to collect revenue, and this led to inflation. In addition, there was a sharp decline in the middle class. This comprised or artisans and merchants who supported the Roman economy. This