Download file to see previous pages...
There were two main reforms that are still impacting the United Kingdom are the National Health Service and the National Insurance Act, both of 1946.
The National Health Service (NHS) was a major achievement not only for the Labour government but also for the nation as a whole. This program allowed free medical treatment for everyone, not just the 21 million people who were covered by the National Health Insurance, the predecessor to the NHS. (Leichter 1979, p. 158) This program which was finally rolled out in 1948 was at first vehemently opposed by the majority of doctors who believed that this form of health coverage would end up ruining medical practices. The doctors who were originally opposed soon realized that their fears were unjustified and joined the ranks of those assisting the needy.
The other major reform was the National Insurance Act which came into effect soon after World War II was officially over combined three already established insurance schemes into one. These three covered unemployment insurance, national health insurance, and the contributory pension. When the Act was put into place, it became necessary for all of the adult population to carry insurance, which was subsidized by the government and employers. (Barr 1993, p. 3) This ensured that all those of working age could receive care, therefore enabling more productivity.
While not without issue, these two acts really changed the focus of how the United Kingdom saw assistance, and how individuals received it. Due to the recent conflict, the nation had already established a family allowance which in combination with the National Insurance Act and the National Health Service covered close to 100% of the population which was intended by the Labour Government as well as the driving force for the National Health Services, Aneurin Bevan. (Rintala 2003, p. 3) Although many liked the care, it was
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The author states that electoral process is the heart that pumps the blood and delivers it to the body. This process ensures that all parts are functioning keeping the body alive. Essentially, election is a life-line that provides assurance that both the notions of popular sovereignty and political equality are being maintained.
Welfare Reforms and Mass Incarceration.
Welfare reforms are processes that are responsible for changing and management of social protection and safety provisions, but considered appropriate reforms usually debated on. (ADC) Aid to Families with Dependent Children and or Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) 1996-current were welfare reforms that were specially designed for single mothers.
During the 1997 general elections, the Labour Party won elections winning 418 seats enabling him to serve as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007. During his first term as a Prime Minister, Tony Blair formed a 22 member cabinet that had little experience outside politics and without experience of government.
These problems were not unique to Brazil. It was part of the convulsive double whammy effects brought on worldwide by the steady climb and volatility of the world prices of crude oil and the wave of international terrorism. But Brazil's share of the global crisis was compounded by its need to address the challenges common to a newly restored democracy just rising from longtime, constricting military rule.
On November 1, 1943, the governments of the Soviet Union, the United States, and the United Kingdom declared that Austria would be liberated from German domination. In 1955, the occupying powers signed the Austrian State Treaty, which gave Austria full sovereignty and independence.
The decline of the welfare state in 1997 led to a Labour government with Tony Blair as its leader. At that time, it was evident that the Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA) was not fully successful with substantial numbers of people unemployed (Building on New Deal, 2004, p.
The war had inflicted indelible impact on social, cultural and economic spheres all over the globe. Especially economies of the warring countries almost collapsed during the four year long continuous war period. Being the vital part of the Allied forces, England was one of
The once seemingly indestructible ideological divide between the democratic capitalist west and the authoritarian communist east has finally come to a close. No longer is the international system polarized. No longer