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“Open sources often equal or surpass classified information in monitoring and analyzing such pressing problems as terrorism, proliferation, and counterintelligence” In this sense, OSINT is extremely important for formulation of military plans and government policies
The OSINT can be segmented further into various divisions, according to the nature of the sources from which the information is extracted. However many a times officials feel that open source information are too open to be benefited for the secretive nature of military strategy or Governmental policies? OSINT can be related to wide variety of resources like internet, media and public data. The OSINT is the publicly available information which is utilized by American Intelligence Agency and U.S. Department of Defense. Apart from publicly available data, various vendors also supply information to the intelligence agency and government under one name. Generally speaking, OSINT is the easiest way of procuring information from a particular resource.
Apart from OSINT, another data collection method which is of primary importance is HUMINT.HUMINT here refers to the human intelligence and information gathered with the assistance of interpersonal connection. This can be acquired with the aid of interview with people, government advisors, accredited diplomats, espionage, Nongovernmental organizations, prisoners or detainees and refugees. Here the information is gathered or collected from interacting with real human beings. However the information collector needs to have accurate knowledge about what needs to be collected in order to make good use of the gathered information. If the information collected is inadequate, there is a chance that there would be loss of energy time and expenditure. Even while collecting information through HUMINT, attention should be given that information collected are genuine. A lack of authenticity in information gathered can result in poor military strategic plans
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The agency also analyze the information in order know the hidden threats and then convey it to the US official decision makers. Finally the agency implements the action plans according to the direction of decision maker which are in favor of America’s interest.
Where, Data: Is a mere collection of raw figures and facts. For example, a company’s daily inventory records etc. Information: The data is made meaningful by the performance of organization and analysis on it. Knowledge: Experience, Analysis, Context and reflections combines together with information produce a resultant that is termed as knowledge.
Strategic intelligence involves a measurement of all constituents, both short-term and long-term, whether they are within the State or outside, who may cause harm to the security and national interests of the country. The accuracy of the measurement defines the scope of strategic intelligence and the nature of future policies the country adopts to secure its national interests.
The country’s success and failures are heavily dependent on its role. Its responsibilities are multidimensional. Tactical intelligence is vital in terms of planning and conducting domestic military operations in the grey areas.
This is a main requirement for all successful companies. The most essential activity for a CI practitioner is the identification of a cogent for a company’s actual intelligence needs. If carried out properly, such requirements process of identification will not only avail the action with the most essential actions, but on the given the ability for continual adaptation to the company's varying requirements in the ever competitive environment (Chaudhuri, Dayal, & Narasayya, 2011).
Social Intelligence strategies that are critical for leaders 1. Situational Awareness Leaders should have the ability to comprehend and emphasize with employees in varying conditions, sense their feelings and likely desires, and “read” circumstances using a sensible knowledge of human nature.
The major intelligence crisis as is evident in Paul Pillar’s discussion was the failure to gather relevant information to aid in the 11th September 2001 attack. This prompted the reform in the strategies of internal security
Oversight committees also help in seeing that the intelligence services work to their best and according to the purpose they were created for. Counter intelligence is also another system that makes sure that this data is well protected and does not fall
ncing the decision making process and optimising business processes that help in the prediction of market dynamics and optimised forecast of resources. Business intelligence (BI) study focusses on detailed study of data mining techniques by putting more emphasis on
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