The following essay "The Mesopotamians" describes the life of the Mesopotamians. It is mentioned that they had a pessimistic view even of their gods. In addition, this pessimistic view of life is reflected even in some of their art.
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The Mesopotamians had a pessimistic view of life because of the uncertainty in their lives. They were uncertain because of how land their land was open and the rivers were difficult to control. This pessimistic view of life was reflected even in some of their art. They revealed their pessimism through hiding statues and other arts about the things they were pessimistic about in their culture.They had a pessimistic view even of their gods. They viewed them as caprious and had to constantly struggle with their whims. This affected their art and especially when designing their temples. The designing and art work of the temples were in such a way that the statues of their gods were hidden or interrupted. This way, they became distant and difficult to be seen. Other than the pessimism revealed in the art of the Mesopotamians, other features that the culture’s art reveal depend on the type of art being made. The art indicating nudity revealed that frailty and destitution of those individuals killed or enslaved in war. Vases on the other hand revealed that the Mesopotamians were people who presented offerings to their goddess during important ceremonies like marriages. The art also revealed that they valued and respected their rulers and leaders and this was depicted in arts of their leaders once they died.
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The civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia are the models of Western civilization. Though, they were not the only civilizations during that period, but what makes them unique is in the fact that the Westerners trace their cultural roots to these two civilizations.
“The Epic of Creation” and “The Descent of Inanna”. “The Epic of Creation” is a Babylonian version of how the world was created, consisting of several tablets and a little over a thousand lines. It has gained attention because it is important in the theogenic and cosmogenic views of the Mesopotamians, and they have similar features to the first two chapters of Genesis (Heidel 1).
These beliefs or myths found origin in their folktales, religions and in some cases, voodoo. Some civilizations perceived afterlife as full of pleasure while others thought of it as an unimaginable realm or a gloomy reflection of the existence on Earth. People have also traditionally had varying opinions about the destiny in afterlife.
Contemporary conjecture is as different as there are beliefs, correspondingly, retrospective civilizations despite having different theoretical definitions by astute scholars in the likeness of Socrates, did not advance a universal consensus. Nonetheless, each of the attempted descriptions of happiness was relevant to the circumstances and culture of those making them and has in common the fact despite the fact that what makes one happy does not necessarily translate to others, everyone strives for it in their own way.
Although the leaders organized their armies for war, success in their battles depended on a good relationship with the gods. Mesopotamian city states were earthly imitations of divine order and model. Every city state was linked to a god or a goddess making it sacred.
The Mesopotamians believed in the grim and dour hypothesis that sickness and death were a direct consequence of sins committed. They gave no leeway to this notion as any hope of salvation by a divine existence after death was lost on this cohort. It was believed that the dead may come back and consume the living so innumerous offerings were made to the dead so that this consequence may never come to pass.
Around 2000 B.C.E., ancient Mesopotamians faced hardships in their daily lives, and the afterlife they envisioned mirrored these hardships. In The Epic of Gilgamesh: Enkidu’s Dream, Enkidu describes a frightening view of life after death to Gilgamesh.
Although literary sources are not abundant sine they have not been preserved till date, archeological sources including monuments and inscriptions provide us a more or less clear picture of the thought process of the people living in the ages gone by
It was extended from basic reading, writing, and religion to higher learning in law, medicine, and astrology.” (A Place for Civilization to Begin)
The Mesopotamians were religious and believed in several deities, they also believed that
I agree with you, the Assyrian society, indeed made progress in their art making. Considering the facts that they made images of their leaders, the images humanization in a distinguishable way that showed who is who.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
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