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The Fall of Berlin Wall and Its Impact on the 1989 Revolution - Research Paper Example

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The author of this paper examines the situation in Berlin City during the period and the circumstances that led to the collapse of the war. In addition, the author examines the relationship between the collapse of the war and the subsequent revolution in 1989…
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The Fall of Berlin Wall and Its Impact on the 1989 Revolution
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Download file to see previous pages Countries in Eastern Europe were the most affected by the consequences of the Berlin wall disintegration and most of them embraced democracy and opened their markets to globalization (Michael, 2009).

Shortly before the Berlin wall was opened, the East German government had announced on 9 November 1989 that travel restrictions between the East and West Germany would be lifted with immediate effect (Beissinger, 2002). The announcement triggered excitement among the residents on the eastern and western side of the Berlin city and they dashed to the concrete barrier that had prevented interaction and movement of people across the boundary for over two decades. Berlin wall was constructed in 1961 and Peters (2009) identifies four factors that motivated the construction. These include division of Germany in different administrative sectors, the mass movement of people from the east to West Germany, rapid development and industrialization in West Germany and tensions between the United States and Soviet Union (Peters 2009).

The division of Germany into various administrative sectors occurred soon after the end of the Second World War. According to Darden and Anna (2006), the country was divided into four segments which were assigned to the four powers that had played a major role in the defeat of Germany during the war. United States, Britain and the Soviet Union in addition to France were assigned one administrative portion each. Similarly, Berlin which was the capital city was divided into four segments which were allocated to the four foreign powers. Due to the fact that Berlin was within the sector allocated to the Soviet Union, it was a major cause of tension between the ideologically different western and the eastern powers. Consequently, Berlin City was polarized into two segments, the western part controlled by the United States, France, and Britain while the eastern part under the Soviet Union (Michael, 2009). ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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