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Assess the presidency of George Washington and John Adams in terms of domestic and foreign policy, as well as the challenges they faced when they became president - Essay Example

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George Washington assumed power as the chief executive of the new nation with unanimous approval and admiration having secure military victories and the ultimate freedom from colonialism. Though reluctant at the beginning, he accepted the presidency status to set forth…
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Assess the presidency of George Washington and John Adams in terms of domestic and foreign policy, as well as the challenges they faced when they became president
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Due The presidency of George Washington and John Adams George Washington assumed power as the chief executive of the new nation with unanimous approval and admiration having secure military victories and the ultimate freedom from colonialism. Though reluctant at the beginning, he accepted the presidency status to set forth precedents for all other presidents who would come after him. As his objectives, Washington’s administration held neutrality in international affairs and concentrated more in strengthening the unity of the new nation through prudent governance principles as proposed by Alexander Hamiltons plan, which had far reaching impacts how the national debt, excise taxes, protective tariffs on imports, and as far the management of the national purse, national bank, was to be handled (Ferling (a)11-23). Washington was a unifying factor and rallied the nation towards avoiding war, a fact that destabilized the strength of the nation regarding foreign relations. His first major challenge touched on his conduct with reference to Jay’s Treaty, signed with England-a treaty that infuriated the public leaving a trail of questions to the extent to which United States would be an influencing agent in international affairs. Nevertheless, putting into practice the Hamilton’s plan strengthened economic prospects domestically. He did quell the Whiskey Rebellion, which was sparked off by the levying of excise taxes, reminding people that federal concerns superseded local thoughts in the new republic. Generally, Washington’s tenure was a success as he steered the young nation through a delicate beginning (Ferling (b) 55).
Reeling under the influence and successes of predecessor Washington, John Adams assumed power promising to modernize the US economy through promotion of education as well as keeping peace with foreign powers. However, his tenures ran into trouble with factions supporting US-British alliance and those sympathetic of France in a war that began in 1793 between the two neighbors. Stymied by a congress controlled much by his opposes, Adams stood his ground, devoting his best to the development of his country (Ferling (b) 87). Wearing Washington’s shoes, he knew too well the unpreparedness of his nation to fight outside wars. As such he sacrificed his popularity to settle “quasi-war” with France through his son Quincy Adams (Grant 71). His best remembered as a diplomat who contributed immensely in shaping Americas foreign policy in line with ardent nationalist policies tailored towards America’s republican values. His administration upheld and promoted moral principles in an era of modernization (McCullough 5-8).
Work cited
Ferling, John E (a). The Ascent of George Washington: The Hidden Political Genius of an
American Icon. New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2009. Print.
Ferling , John, E (b). Setting the World Ablaze: Washington, Adams, Jefferson, and the
American Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. Print.
Grant, James. John Adams: Party of One. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005. Print.
McCullough, David. John Adams. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2001. Print. Read More
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