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"Aid is abused by both donors and recipients. Nothing should be counted as Official Development Assistance until it has been proved to reduce poverty. Discuss"
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with these aid in such a manner that the positive impact of the aid in the recipient countries is nullified, the very essence of the institutional structures, policies and corruption in the recipient countries even make worse the situation by aggravating the ineffectiveness of the aid received. This has resulted to disappointing results over that past where actually the aim of development or poverty reduction were only recognized in a few countries that had favourable conditions to work with (Pettersson, 2007). Schabbel (2007:2) in his analysis of foreign and poverty reduction notes that World Bank statistics shows that though the number of poor people in extreme poverty has reduced from 40.4% in 1981 to 21.1% in 2001, most of this reduction was traced from China. Excluding China from the analysis showed that in actuality extreme poverty rose. For instance in sub Saharan Africa, poverty rose from 41.6% in 1981 to 46.4% in 2001. And this has been the trend over the past in such a manner that it attracted global debate in effectiveness of such aid and necessitated a number of agreements, one in 2005 and the other in 2008 to help in achieving higher effectiveness.
Indeed the effectiveness of aid, has been high on political agendas with a several agreements on how to make aid being more effective adopted by various governments both donors and recipients: that is the Accra Agenda for Action of 2008 and the Paris declaration of 2005 which provide commitments and principles for ensuring that ODA provided are effective and efficient in meeting their objectives (OECD Observer, 2007; OECD, 2008:1). The Reality of Aid Report (2010:9) though note that the manner in which these agreements are implemented is too technical to actually transform the manner in which aid is governed to actually make it more effective and relevant to the poor for whom it is aimed. It shows that the agreements have not changed the reality of aid relationships since what is actually practised are
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As a result, humanitarian and other development organizations have been cautious about extending any form of aid to groups and individuals because of the legal ramifications of their assistance. However, all forms of aid have been placed at risk, even those which may genuinely be meant for development assistance and activities for developing countries.
Stemming from this premise, this paper interrogates the assumption that Official Development Assistance from the donor countries to recipient countries contributes to the development possibilities of the latter.
Research objectives 3. Limitations to and scope of study (demarcation of research) 4. Literature review 5. Importance of the study 6. Research methodology 7. Research techniques 8. Ethical considerations 9. Clarification of terms 10. Time framework 11. Chapter layout 12.
According to the report, Official Development Assistance and Poverty Reduction, the manner in which these agreements are implemented is too technical to actually transform the manner in which aid is governed to actually make it more effective and relevant to the poor. The agreements havn't changed the reality of aid relationships.
These types of aids might be revenue, clothes, foods and medicines. These aids are mainly sent so as to help the suffering individual to fulfil their basic needs like clothes, foods and medicines. As these aids mainly approach from the damaged places from outside countries so these are also recognised as foreign aids or overseas aid (Clifford & Little, 2005).
Using the so termed development aid, the third world countries try to develop the infrastructure of their governments and countries to provide a stable platform for the citizens to prosper and progress. Since poor third world countries never had the means of high income or GDP and since they do not attract big investments from other countries and markets, they are in a state where they cannot even take care of their own infrastructure (Erixon, 2005).
er, there are staunch opponents of development aid who view it as one of the reasons for the continued state of underdevelopment in many poor countries. This essay seeks to evaluate the debates presented by both the opponents and proponents of development aid, with the objective
That is why the decision makers in government and other international financial institutions will have to weigh the pros and cons of each grant and come to a conclusion based on individual cases. The rest of this essay will elaborate the positive and negative factors that
For the past three decades, the growth rates of African nations have been negative. In 1980’s, the annual per capita Growth Domestic Product growth was -1.3% and declined to -1.9% in the 1990’s (Allen &
The culture of tea and tea drinking ceremony in the society reflects the importance of this perfect beverage, which was created in China. “Being an old and traditional beverage, tea was first grown in China and then spread to other
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