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DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL ECONOMY:EVALUATING PUBLIC POLICY - Essay Example

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Hayes defines evaluation as an activity designed to judge the merits of a government policy or programme (Hayes, 2001). Evaluation involves evaluation research which entails the use of systematic collection of data, analysis of information and the interpretations in relation…
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DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL ECONOMY:EVALUATING PUBLIC POLICY
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Download file to see previous pages It also examines some elements of implementation and the human interactions in the control and implementation of public policy evaluation. Through this analyses, conclusions are drawn on the actual role and purpose of policy evaluation.
The main purpose of policy evaluation is that it is used as a tool for planning and decision making in the public sector. Weiss identifies that “some of the new programs are logical extension of earlier efforts: some represent radical departures from the past and a plunge into uncharted waters” (Weiss, 1998a p6).
Public policy is conducted by and for numerous stakeholders. Stakeholders are the main parties in a project who have interests in the project (Weiss, 1998a p79). They include the benefactors (usually, members of the society who will benefit from the public policy), elite interest groups, community groups, commercial contractors, poor people, Non-Governmental Organizations and many more (Weiss, 1998b).
Policy Evaluation is a tool that enables planning and decision making to ensure that the policy attains the best results in terms of political, economic, social, psychological and technological interest of all the parties (Nagel, 2002).
Sometimes, data for the effect of a public policy is not readily available. In such times, project evaluation becomes a source of information for the various stakeholders. This is because it enables the creation of an independent body that purposely oversees the trends of a given project and document them.
Thus, communication and information gathered by the evaluation team provides relevant information and data for important elements of the society (Weiss, 2002). This helps in the evaluation of governments and public position holders.
In the early stages of policy planning, there is the theory based evaluation process. “Theory based evaluation is a mode of evaluation that brings to the surface the underlying assumptions about why a program will work...” (Weiss, 2002 p103). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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