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The aims and objectives of Interest groups are set in such a way so as to benefit the group members or a specific portion of society, for example procuring government subsidies to farmers. There are also issues which cover the public interest in the broader sense such as improving air quality.
Berry (1999) believes that the interest groups in the United States act as mediators in conveying the opinion and requirements of the common man to the elected representatives. Individuals can find an interest group that can address or focus on his personal problem. The directories of American Voluntary Associations provide an overview of what these interest group associations aim at and why they are formed. The Gale Research Encyclopedia of Associations is considered as the most acceptable listing of interest groups. Most of these groups seek to influence the public policies.
Prior to 1970, the records in America had information on interest groups which were actively involved in business, labor and agriculture. As per the findings of Baumgartner and Leech (1998), the interest group universe has become more complicated since then. With the industrialization, the agricultural groups have started dwindling and have lost influence in the United States. Large number of new interest groups has come into existence, some of them are mentioned below:
The large multinational corporations have much influence and say, states Sinclair (2000). These companies will be generally members in more than one trade association. These associations represent the view of the industry they are associated with. The National Association of Manufacturers and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce are supported by the big corporations and these “umbrella” groups represent and speak on behalf of the entire business community, believes Victor (2001).
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Relevance to this form of Special Interest Tourism: The site provides a framework of international standards with regard to tourism and also illustrates the policies adopted by the government of Australia in order to facilitate the development of tourism industry.
Wildlife tourism has increasingly grown in different countries thereby, contributing to the development of the economy, especially of the developing nations. However, due to the rapid increase in footfall of the tourists across the world, negative impacts have also been observed on the wild animals and its habitat.
However, they do not have the sufficient proof to convict the husband. Q2: The officers visited the house because the wife called and reported domestic violence. This fact should be enough to carry out an investigation. However, legally, the officers should be able to observe visible signs of violence, which are absent.
The primary purpose of modest mandatory prison terms (e.g., three years for armed robbery) are specific deterrence, which applies to already sanctioned offender, and general deterrence, which aims to deter prospective offenders. If the law successfully increases the imprisonment rate, the effects of incapacitation also will grow because fewer offenders will be free to victimize the population at large.
The UK is divided into England, Wales, Scotland and North Ireland. England is politically and economically dominant partner in the UK with over 8 million people living in and around London.
The region is nonetheless rich in landscape with mountains and hills dotting it especially in the western and northern regions.
It is looked at as the tourism undertaken with a specific reason behind it. Poon (1997, pp47) says that these special interest tourisms are 'large scale packaging of non-standardised leisure services at competitive prices to suit demands of tourists as well as the economic and socio-environmental needs of the destination'.
In many states, society members have been greatly influenced to a point of about 70% of them belonging to a certain interest group. In some scenarios, the interest groups have with them the intention of