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Andrew Jackson and the Tariff or Bank - Essay Example

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This paper will provide a brief description of how Andrew Jackson handled the issue of the Second Bank during his presidency. Therefore, the paper will firstly reveal the background of the conflict and, furthermore, discuss the moves aimed at its resolution…
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Andrew Jackson and the Tariff or Bank
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Jackson and the Tariff or Bank
Andrew Jackson who served as the 7th President of the United States between the years 1829 to 1837 was born in the year 1767, and later died in the year 1845. Throughout his whole life, he served as a major general, a lawyer, a Justice, a Senator and later on the president of the United States. The Second Bank of the United States, chartered by Congress in 1816, presented itself as a problem to Jackson’s presidential carrier. The Bank was financially powerful, fully controlled fiscal policy and state Banks (Sauers & Weber 14). This paper will provide a description on how Jackson handled the issue of the Second Bank.
Jackson’s problem with the Second Bank started when he noticed that the Bank controlled most of the country’s financial issues; loans, monetary notes and deposits. According to Jackson this was a threat to his re-election since it manipulated the voting patterns and electoral process. He settled with the decision of seeing to it that the Bank is shut down. The Bank noticed the move Jackson was plotting against it making it to initiated counter moves. The Bank embarked on negotiating for an early four year re-charter from the Congress which succeeded. However, Jackson and his team formulated a veto against the re-charter when it came time for its approving it. Jackson supported his decision by reiterating that the Bank’s policies were contrary to what the government promoted equality, fairness and honesty. The veto went to Congress which unfortunately, was unable to overturn it. After the polls, Jackson was again determined to destroy the Bank by withdrawing governments fund from it. That was done through the treasury ordering all government deposits be put in state banks (Sauers & Weber 14).
Jackson’s conflict with the Bank resulted in a nationwide panic when the Second Bank stopped giving out loans. Although Jackson was protecting his self interest, it was at the cost of the country which suffered in turn. His fellow democrats were terrified with his moves resulting in there demise from the party. All in all the moves against the Bank proved to be successful since it died in 1834 and Jackson triumphed.
Works Cited
Sauers R, Weber J. Nationalism. New York: Infobase Publishing, 2010. Print Read More
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