Grutter v Bollinger is a case where the plaintiff sued the defendant for being discriminated against on the basis of race and denied admission at University of Michigan Law School. According to the plaintiff, the law school applied race as a predominant factor while giving…
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In 2003, the Supreme Court delivered a ruling on the case stating that the University of Michigan Law School narrowly tailored use of race in admission decisions was constitutional (Walker, Spohn, & Delon 208). During this case the Supreme Court cleared the air by concluding that having a student body with diverse culture and origin is a compelling state interest hence justifies the use of racial factor in admission of students, effectively locking out Grutter from admission (Walker, Spohn, & Delon 210). Consequently, the judgment removed prolonged doubt that has existed within learning institutions, encouraging them to use racial factor in making admissions determinations.
I strongly agree with the Supreme Court’s decision in promoting racial interactions as well as considerations of the minorities through affirmative action. Even though many scholars such as Richard Sander have greatly proposed the affirmative action on basis that it hurts instead of helping, the truth is that many stakeholders have significantly benefitted from the same (Walker, Spohn, & Delon 209). Affirmative action is a constitutional concept that needs to be upheld with all dignity and integrity. In this regard, the University of Michigan’s Law School admission policy was able to pass the test of scrutiny since strict scrutiny has been considered for a long time as a relevant review standard especially in scenarios where the Constitution faces racial challenges (Walker, Spohn, & Delon 155). Various virtues of diversity within learning institutions were provided by the Supreme Court while delivering its judgment, which explains reasons for enhancing racial diversity through development of policies that promote affirmative action (Walker, Spohn, & Delon 208).
Affirmative action within learning institutions has the capability of significantly improving
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(Write a 2-3 Page Essay Based on the book:The Color of Justice Race)
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On the other hand, race refers to biological subspecies that consist of individuals with similar biological traits that are socially significant distinguishable from other races. Racial distinction is on basis of skin color, color of the hair, and other specific facial features that cluster in to a single distinct group of people.
However, the stories of these uprooted people are always not ornamented with glittering dreams and joyous heart. Behind their peppy talk and sunny smile are the hidden stories of endless tears, countless fears, pang of being discriminated as something inferior and most importantly to spend years in a state where they are neither properly aware of their culture nor have been able to transport themselves completely into the United States of America culturally or mentally.
Omi and Winant (1994, p. 55) state "race is a concept, which signifies and symbolizes social conflicts and interests, by referring to different types of human bodies".
Some sociologists state that the notion of race has always been filled with some socio-cultural meaning, demonstrating an attitude towards 'aliens', expressed through the emphasizing of their most observable physical differences.
The fight is between superior race and inferior race or due to religion (like Hindus and Muslims or Muslims and Jews, etc.) or between Blacks and Whites. Racism exists when one ethnic group or historical collectivity dominates, excludes, or seeks to eliminate another on the basis of differences that it believes are hereditary and unalterable.
This is because the administration of criminal justice has targeted some section of the population unlike the others. There has been increases victimization and jailing of the black and Asian community which has been associated with crimes. Several scholars have at the same time expressed their desires in trying to understand the bottom cause of this associated and therefore have tried to come up with several theories that try to relate crime with race, migration and ethnicity.
gments, the maturation process of Celie is revealed in letters to God and Nettie, Celie’s sister, that indicate her changing ideas and strengthening resolve. Influenced by the appearance of strong women within her world, such as her step-son’s wife and especially the
Ethnicity, though quite similar to race, also encompasses the social traits that are shared by a certain human population. These traits include religious faith, languages, nationality, and shared culture and traditions.
The terms race and
They asked in class and got a response that brought more questions than answers. The students mentioned that they would rather hook up or hang up with their friends rather than date. Further research relieved that this was a
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