This essay defends the idea that the Industrial Revolution has begun in the United Kingdom. Great Britain became a favorable place for the beginning of the revolution due to several factors. In the first place, it is important to note that imperialistic policy in previous centuries made this country one of the most powerful in the world. Apart from obtaining countless riches Great Britain gained numerous opportunities for trade.
Another factor which became a premise for the Industrial Revolution was revolution held in the middle of the seventeenth century which led to the new social order in the country. Many people obtained new opportunities to make profits, which were impossible in other “absolutist states” where monarchs and nobility were not that concerned in developing industries and markets. On the contrary, in Great Britain rapidly developing class of bourgeoisie tried to use any opportunity and any scientific innovation.
The work concludes that the Industrial Revolution led not only to technological and economical development, it also led to changes in political and social outline of the world. Great Britain was a favorable place for the beginning of the Industrial Revolution and its spread towards other countries due to the country’s international connections. Also it is stated that the revolution is closely connected with such phenomena as nationalism and imperialism. The ideas of unified nations ruled in many countries. Basically, these ideas led to national unity in such countries