StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Totalitarianism as Concept and Reality - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
In the article “Totalitarianism as Concept and Reality”, Bracher elaborates on his theme by providing an explanation of his concept of the term as well as a real-world example of how this is happening in the modern day world…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.8% of users find it useful
Totalitarianism as Concept and Reality
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Totalitarianism as Concept and Reality"

Totalitarianism as Concept and Reality
To fully appreciate the contribution Karl-Dietrich Bracher brings to the discussion of Totalitarianism, it is necessary to understand a little of his background. Bracher is a German political scientist who has given a great deal of attention to studying the Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany. His many writings have often focused on the ideas of Totalitarianism versus Democracy. His arguments tend to introduce a concept of totalitarian democracy rather than the greater accepted idea of totalitarian fascism. In the article “Totalitarianism as Concept and Reality”, he elaborates on his theme by providing an explanation of his concept of the term as well as a real world example of how this is happening in the modern day world.
In defining his concept of the new totalitarian regime, Bracher indicates there are two basic building blocks that lead to its development. These are the need for a strong leader in the interwar years as well as the ability of the new technological age to influence a great number of people to accept a single unified ideology. This ideology was enforced with a strict rule that was voluntary on the surface, yet enforced with a death sentence when not adhered, usually justified by reference to a new world order that brings a better life to the masses or the need of the public for a new religious zeal in the age when religious dogma was losing its ground. Despite its claims for being capable of reaching the highest goals in terms of democracy and the perfect welfare state, the goal of totalitarianism, Bracher claims, was to completely eradicate any sense of the individual in favor of the new state, a goal that was communicated to the people through the use of heavy propaganda and new modes of mass communication that served to deceive many.
Through these investigations, Bracher identifies three main characteristics of a totalitarian state. The first characteristic is the attempt made by a single party to retain all control of power and the need of this party to reduce any and all opposition or suggestion of fallibility. This one party system then provides a base for itself on military ideology, making full use of such techniques as secret police, persecution of those who oppose the party and heavy employment of propaganda aids to influence the more general public. “According to findings of recent work in mass psychology, the goal is the creation of a permanent war mood directed against an enemy that is defined in absolute terms” (Bracher). This propagandized control is influenced both to assure the public of its security as well as to frighten it into submission. Finally, the three regimes of totalitarianism that Bracher uses to analyze the phenomenon (Italian Fascism, Russian Bolshevism and German National Socialism), indicate a state wherein it is believed that a single strong party such as described so far is preferable and much more effective than the traditional democratic state. This is because of the perceived ability of the totalitarian state to completely control economic and social planning as well as provide quick military reactions, but in all cases, these benefits have not manifested at the expense of a tremendous loss of freedom.
Bracher concludes by indicating that the only way to eliminate this type of totalitarian control is by finding a name for it that more closely reflects its true nature. This is because those governments that most closely resemble it will reject the concept almost categorically while the idea of totalitarianism emerges as more of a “tendency, a temptation or seduction, rather than a definitive form of government” (Bracher). Yet it remains as a means of suppressing a people and leading to a general decline in society nevertheless.
References
Bracher, K-D. “Totalitarianism as Concept and Reality.” Turning Points in Modern Times: Essays in German and European History. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, (1995), pp. 145-7, 151. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Totalitarianism as Concept and Reality Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1537752-totalitarianism-as-concept-and-reality
(Totalitarianism As Concept and Reality Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/history/1537752-totalitarianism-as-concept-and-reality.
“Totalitarianism As Concept and Reality Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1537752-totalitarianism-as-concept-and-reality.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Totalitarianism as Concept and Reality

Virtual Reality

...process, the U.S. military use virtual reality programs. They help the soldiers recover from traumatic experiences, show the environment they will be or have been deployed and even as part of advanced exercises. Besides, virtual reality is useful in the medical field. The main use is to join the images given by other scans and combine them to give the details using medical imaging technology. Consequently, the doctors can detect problems with no surgery (Chavis, 2011). There is better understanding of the complex numerical representations of scientific concepts or results through the creation of visual images using computer graphics known as scientific visualization. The numerical...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Totalitarianism - World history

...? Totalitarian rule may be defined as one which gives no space for competition in the political arena, whereby one individual uses all available means such as oppression, intimidation and denial of fundamental rights so as to maintain popularity and reduce criticism. In this context, it is observable that such governments are led by single party systems so as to make it easy to impose policies, some of which may be against popular understanding of democracy. However, it is important to point out that those who may try to oppose these policies in such an environment, despite how genuine they are, are faced with possibilities of being detained or being condemned for treason, a possible recipe for widespread murder, which in...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Myth as one of the concept of understanding the reality

...? It is quite interesting to discover man’s inclination and necessity to resort to any beliefs, in order make sense of the world and his existence. Man has been known for his never-ending quest to find answers to questions deemed significant for his being. In these quests, man wanders through all paths, even the most trivial ones just so he understands the ultimate reason for his reality. One such concept is the belief in myths. Even in these modern times, men unconsciously turn their faith to myths and similar sub realities to find answers. Whereas men have always relied on concrete objects and the environment to understand themselves, they now also realized the power of intangible and...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Totalitarianism

... of the of the of the Totalitarianism Totalitarianism is defined as a political organization in which the state strives to control all aspects of public and private life of its citizens. Totalitarian regimes stay in power by employing widespread use of violence, disseminating propaganda through state controlled media, political oppression, denial of freedom of speech and control over the economy. However, Hannah Arendt perceives totalitarian as a system where the state transform class into mass movements, have the national police assume the role of the military to instill terror in people and establish a foreign policy with the intention of domineering the whole world (Cohen & Fermon 575). Arendt argues that totalitarian movements... ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Physical Reality

...Is All of Reality Physical To understand this question let us first define what is meant by the term 'physical'. Physical refers to that which we experience through our five senses: those of sight, hearing, taste, touch and smell. And what is reality Is there an objective reality When I look at the firmament and view the sun and the stars, do they not exist in the forms they do, irrespective of who looks at them When I keep a chair and a table in front of me, are they not chair and table for everyone Even if someone else calls these by some other names, or uses them for some other purposes, do they not bear the same shape and form for all who see or touch them The answer to the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Era of Totalitarianism

...with no boundaries in Nietzsche's ideas were potent brews that combined to foster the totalitarian regimes of the 20th century. Marx, whose ideas led to left-wing totalitarianism turned Hegel's dialectics on its head, converting the latter's predominance of ideas over reality to that of the material determining ideas of reality. For Marx, man is determined by his material or economic needs, forming superstructure for which social, moral and spiritual norms are erected. If mankind could take control of his economic life, and revolutionize it so that the workers will own the fruits of their labor, then all the other aspects of life could be wiped out clean, with...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The Three Ideological Elements on Totalitarianism

...Revolution which claims that revolution was driven by "social question" which addresses the need of poverty-stricken people. The aim of this revolution was based on the ideology which was aimed at overcoming poverty and targeting the powers of those who monopolized wealth in the ancient regime. The French revolution has inherent within its boundaries the elements of ideological thinking as presented in Arendt's totalitarian concept. The first element which states "claim to total explanation..." can be traced from the factors or causes which led to the revolution and the ideological thinking behind it. The second element "ideological thinking becomes independent from the reality we...
19 Pages(4750 words)Essay

Umberto Eco and Hyper-reality Concept

...UMBERTO ECO- HYPER-REALITY Umberto Eco’s brilliant of contemporary culture and its obsession with hyper-reality was first found in his work ‘Travels in Hyper-reality’. Written in 1975, this essay was a commentary on America’s theme parks – more precisely the Disneyland; that Eco saw as an experiment in hyper-reality. He argued that the main reason why we construct these hyper-structures is our dissatisfaction with reality. We are thus obsessed with creating something better than reality. Closely connected to the concept of hyper-reality are then other technologies such as nanotechnology, human cloning and...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Opposing Totalitarianism

...Opposing Totalitarianism Totalitarianism describes any political system in which a regulates every aspect of public and private life. Some ofthe methods that allow the state to maintain and enforce this kind of control include controlling mass media, which is one of the most effective methods used in attempts to keep things regulated and under control; the restriction of free discussion and criticism; the use of terror tactics; the use of mass surveillance. The state uses every means possible to keep its citizens under the same control. I am opposed to totalitarianism, as it takes away the freedom and privacy that every citizen deserves. It also puts individuality into question, as well...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Reality Therapy

...Compare the use of Rogerians Person-Centred Approach to Reality Therapy for a Multicultural Population. Insert Insert s Name Introduction Therapy has the aim of enabling clients to cope with the problems they face in day-to-day living. Importantly, each counselling situation is unique from any other and counsellors ought to change their techniques in to fit the personal needs of a client. In addition, the uniqueness of diversity in culture of clients should be given particular attention. In order to offer the best counselling services and to the progressively more diverse clientele, it is important to analyse the applicability of different theoretical orientations critically. Reflections Although therapists have...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Totalitarianism as Concept and Reality for FREE!

Contact Us