The first phase of modern European activity in this region began with the oceanic crossings of Christopher Columbus (1492-1500), sponsored by Spain who was trying to find a new route to In-dia and China. …
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Spanish conquest and colonization. There were millions of people living in the Americas when Christopher Columbus arrived in 1492. In the following centuries the population of the Native Americans decreased steadily (Brading 48). The writings of the Dominican friar Bartolomé de Las Casas vividly depict atrocities committed on the natives by the Spanish conquistadors. “It was a general rule among Spaniards to be cruel; not just cruel, but extraordinarily cruel so that harsh and bitter treatment would prevent Indians from daring to think of themselves as human beings or hav-ing a minute to think at all.” (Las Casas 70). At the same time, the Spanish rulers in America were unhappy at the high mortality rate of the natives, since they wanted to exploit the Indians laborers.
The Spaniards were committed to converting their American subjects to Christianity, often by force. However, as Cook mentions (94), “American groups simply blended Catholicism with their traditional beliefs, which could not have been regarded as a success”.
Nowadays, among many scholars it is believed that epidemic disease was the main cause of the population decline — the figure of 80% is mentioned related to those who may have died due to European diseases, such as chicken-pox and measles (Cook 94, 212).
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Old traditions and cultural value of Ireland is major reason of its fame in the world. English forces first attacked Ireland in 684 C.E where they got a lot of booty (Canny 578). 17th century saw two civil wars where huge destruction was caused to human life. Ireland finally got colonized in the 16th century by imposing restrictions on land, education and religion by the foreign forces.
As the stayed in two different places, they had different life aspects, mostly in their economic and religious development. Even back in their native lands, England and Spain were different in terms of their religion. This was eventually carried forward to the Native America.
However, the town offers significant value in the history of American since 1607, though many recognize the town with a negative image. Many view Jamestown as the damaging sites of thousands of poor Englishmen and women, who were dumped in Jamestown, suffering greatly as a result (Harshaw 110).
It has lingua franca status in many parts of the world, due to the military, economic, scientific, political and cultural influence of the British Empire in the 18th and 19th centuries and that of the United States from the 20th
More significantly, there was a difference in the methods of colonization used by the different colonies in America.
Bulliet & Kyle (2010) asserts that the Spanish, English, and French colonies had many
Secondly, they used different economic development avenues. The settlements of the Spanish started with Cortes while some conquered Americans of central, south and south-west of North America. Following the eradication of a big part of the population of native America, the Spanish started intermarrying with the Native Americans.
Different European nations deployed different models while colonizing. There was a different approach in terms of administration, culture, social concepts and religion. The impact of their rule is evident in the new world. The social,
This evaluation is arguably done through study of various major events that happened in the past such as wars, rise of new nations, and creation and adoption of new theories.
The Atlantic revolutions mark a highly significant trend
The study of national cultures to establish how individuals are similar or how they differ is made possible by robust examination of historical artifacts like wars, emergences of new countries as well as theory advancement and
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