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His priority is to document and explain the Jewish experience of the Shoah evaluating its impact on Judaism. Jacobs begins by describing the ‘holocaust’ as murder, debunking the historical connotations that word has of a ‘burnt sacrifice’. He prefers Shoah which means ‘total destruction’. He considers this to be an important distinction given that it was not Germans who were sacrificed, but Jews who were put to death. Jacobs refers to the Shoah as ‘unprecedented’ rather than ‘unique’. 'unprecedented' rather than 'unique'.
It was Katz1 who first referred to the 'unique' intentionality of the holocaust, distinguishing
'genocide as the intent to destroy the national, religious, or ethnic identity of a group'
'the intent to destroy physically all persons who identify with and are identified by a given national, religious or ethnic identity'.
Denialists argue that this mystifies and removes the event from its place in history, denying the historical fact that others were subjected to similar genocide, and -- ironically - to make all those who experienced the Shoah less human.
"those Jews who suffered did not think of themselves as victims of a "Holocaust." Nor did [they] use such terms as "Churban" or "Shoah," . Rather, one typically spoke about the "recent Jewish catastrophe," or the "disaster."2
Denialists claim that the original goal was resettlement in Madagascar or Russia; it shifted to extermination for expediency. What, they argue, is 'unique' about that Ethnic cleansing is quite common. Look at the Interahamwe of Uganda, the Bosnian Serb paramilitaries led by Karadi and Mladi, or the anti-independence militias of East Timor.
American - Indian Ward Churchill views Steven Katz as a member of an exclusive tribe of Jewish historians who
"argue the uniqueness of Jewish victimization"
and who consequently
"downgrade and shunt into historical oblivion"
"not only the victims of the many genocides occurring outside the framework of Nazism, but non-Jews targeted for elimination within the Holocaust itself,"
specifically Gypsies and Slavs.
Jewish theologians continue to disagree with the Denialists, since
"it was never the quality of [the Shoah's] sheer terror or unlimited suffering that set it aside from other catastrophes but the meaning of this suffering, its causes and effects, what has been called the intentionality of the Holocaustt"3.
Katz responds to Particularists (eg Jacobs) and Universalists (eg Denialists) as follows:
'the Nazi program of genocide, if understood as a war against a self-conscious Jewish identify, is neither unique in Jewish historical terms nor world historical ones'4
'Quantity and proportion are not sufficient by themselves to establish a judgment to uniqueness pro or contra'5
Why then do Jewish theologians believe that the Jews were intentionally treated differently from other proscribed races Hitler said;
'If with the help of his Marxist creed, the Jew is victorious over the other peoples of the world, his crown will be the funeral wreath of humanity and this planet will, as it did thousands of years ago, move through the ether devoid of menby defending myself against the Jew, I am fighting the work of the Lord.'6
The Nazis dehumanized Jews and embellished their own rhetoric with demonic
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This very disturbing historical incident was known as the Holocaust. Before the Holocaust, there were about nine million Jews in Europe, however approximately two – thirds of them were massacred by Adolf Hitler together with the Nazi regime. 1 With the given support of the state, there were different laws implemented in order to eliminate the Jews in which the Nuremberg Laws as introduced by Hitler had become one of the most notoriously known.
However, it must also be understood that in order to understand why the holocaust took place, focusing solely upon the Nazi period of German or European history is not sufficient. As such, deep undercurrents of anti-Semitism and racial hatred for the Jewish population of Europe had existed since the Middle Ages.
"Who killed Christ" has always been the justification of the Church over the issue of the persecution of the Jews. As well as every other massacre of Jews in Christendom, it was also heard at the time of Hitler's Holocaust. The fact that the Catholic Church has a history of anti-Semitism and it is a prevalent belief in Christendom that the Jews, as the murderers of Christ, deserve all possible sufferings is the reason that Hitler's massacre of the Jews was met with silent acceptance from the vast majority of his subjects.
In the very first chapter, Friedlander mentions that while eugenics was not peculiar to Germany, the political and scientific community was more radical in that country. In the ninteenth and early twentieth century, eugenics was a bonafide science and received poltical support.
mple, in a Jewish ghetto, often resistance would be held back by community leaders because of the fear that any Jews caught gathering weapons or planning escape would bring down punishment on the whole community. This was not outlandish thinking, either, because this is exactly
His ancestors migrated from Russia with German and Dutch descent in the middle of the 19th century (Cole and Smith; Kultbooksamerica Account Youtube). Due to his early knowledge and exposure on the history of Jews, his interest in the Holocaust and related issues continued to grow and solidify.
The German people readily accepted the necessity to exterminate an enemy. Propaganda allowed the Holocaust to continue. The war also allowed the Holocaust to go on for so long.
Since the Diaspora, or scattering of the Jews from current day Israel, Europeans
those who were physically or mentally disabled, the mentally insane, or of other ethnic races such as Roma and Gypsies, in addition to anyone deemed a prisoner of war were subjected to either forced labor and near-starvation in the concentration and death camps in Europe, or