Nobody downloaded yet

Archaeologys Scientific Exposition of Pompeii - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Historical accounts, fortified by geological data, prove that in, or about, 79 A.D. Vesuvius erupted, destroyed the ancient city of Pompeii and buried it beneath mounds of volcanic dust, debris and molten lava. As explicated by the late archeological scholar and researcher, Professor Merrill, upon the eruption of Vesuvius Pompeii was "overwhelmed by a tremendous river of liquid mud, which appears to have penetrated and filled every nook and cranny of the place, and accumulated to a depth of sixty to seventy feet"(304)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.1% of users find it useful
Archaeologys Scientific Exposition of Pompeii
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Archaeologys Scientific Exposition of Pompeii"

Download file to see previous pages Furthermore, as Professor Milner writes in a second article, the location of Pompeii was confirmed in 1595 when excavations for a new aqueduct unexpectedly led to the discovery of Pompeian coins and artifacts (263-4). However, further excavation was rendered impossible due to the fact that the ancient city was buried deep in molten lava, ash and mud which had hardened into over sixty feet of rock. Over the centuries, the gradual evolution of science and technology enabled not only the excavation of Pompeii but an accurate reading of the volcanic eruption and the history of this ancient people.13
While historical journals have popularly set the date of Vesuvius' eruption and the subsequent destruction of Pompeii at 79 AD, geological and scientific data has not been able to establish this as fact. As the geologists and archeologists, Sigurdsson et al. (1985) explain, the dating of the eruption is ascribed to Pliny the Younger who, as an eyewitness to the event, recorded its occurrence as having taken place on 24th August 79 AD. Science, however, has been incapable of conclusively proving the stated since carbon dating technologies, while relatively precise, provide readings within an acceptable margin of error (89). Hence, while carbon dating of the debris proved the eruption to be at least 2000 years old, it has been unable to conclusively establish it at 79 AD (90). Consequently, for the sake of scientific accuracy, the research shall refer to the eruption as having approximately occurred around 79 AD.
The evolution of excavation tools led to the resumption of efforts to uncover Pompeii in 1755. However, as explicated by the archeologist, Prof. Wilhelmina Jashemski, the excavation soon stalled and was really unable to cover much, both due to the fact that Pompeii was buried deep in hardened lava and mud and because archaeological tools and know-how were, at that time, underdeveloped and incapable of fulfilling the defined task. A second excavation in 1814 had, due to the evolution of archaeological tools, greater success. It was, at least, able to uncover the southern wall of the Pompeii amphitheater (69-70). However, it is necessary to point out that despite the fact that, within the context of the time, the excavation was considered a success, its results were critically limited. As important as the uncovering of the southern section of the wall was, it was hardly capable of allowing archaeologists to uncover the city's culture and history or recreate the eruption.
It was not until the twentieth century that archaeological tools and scientific technology had sufficiently evolved to enable the excavation of this ancient city. By the mid-twentieth century, excavation projects aimed at uncovering the remainder of the amphitheater successfully concluded. Between December 1954 and May 1955, the entirety of the amphitheater was uncovered and the structure that lay beneath the tonnes of hardened mud and lava, held a wealth of information about the city and its culture (Jashemski 69).
The ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Archaeologys Scientific Exposition of Pompeii Essay”, n.d.)
Archaeologys Scientific Exposition of Pompeii Essay. Retrieved from
(Archaeologys Scientific Exposition of Pompeii Essay)
Archaeologys Scientific Exposition of Pompeii Essay.
“Archaeologys Scientific Exposition of Pompeii Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Archaeologys Scientific Exposition of Pompeii

Exposition universelle of 1889

... Romanticism Question 2 Romantic era or Romanticism is an intellectual, literary, and artistic development thatbegun in Europe in the final stages of the 18th century. In a number of areas, this period reached its highest point between 1800 and 1840. The Romantic era is perceived as a response to the Industrial Revolution and a revolution against aristocratic, political and social rules of the Age of Enlightenment. It is also seen as a response against nature’s scientific rationalization. In addition, this period, is strongly personified in literature, visual arts, and music. Nonetheless, the period had a significant effect on the natural sciences, education, and historiography. Also, this period is presumed to have complex... Romanticism...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

A Day in Pompeii

...? A Day in Pompeii 9th, November, A Day in Pompeii Art has a significant role in defining the identity of a community. Through artifacts, a society is able to define its culture religion, beliefs, and ways of life. My visit at Denver Museum of Nature and Science was driven by anticipation and need for discovery. As much as I wanted to have a firsthand experience of life in ancient Rome, I was interested in identifying the unique aspect of the ancient artifacts or a secrete feature of style that has not yet been discovered by present day artists. This paper presents my experience with A Day in Pompeii through a descriptive and critical approach. The title of the artifact was coined from an...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Poem Exposition/ Response Paper

...English Literature ic and Modern), Essay Topic: Poem Exposition/ Response Paper: "History Lesson" by Natasha Trethewey Introduction In the poem “History Lesson” by Natasha Trethewey, the stages of progression and direction are seen relating to the travails of the black race. One can listen to the historical impulse of the people, and how the blacks went through the process of transformation and their inner world changed along with the secular lifestyles. The poet captures the cultural moments that were part of, and shaped her life. The love and influence of the senior members of the family on the younger generation of the blacks is evident in this poem. The event mentioned in the poem needs to be analyzed in the larger...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay


...of the cultures was the result. A fresco on a wall that portrayed the ancient god of sex and fertility, Priapus with his extremely enlarged penis, was covered with plaster and only rediscovered because of rainfall in 1998 (Velocitydatasystems, 2005). Some experts believe that Fontana initially found some of the famous erotic frescoes but due to the strict modesty prevalent during his time, Fontana reburied them in an attempt at archaeological censorship. This view further proved by reports of later excavators who felt that the sites they were working on had already been visited and re-buried (Wikipedia, 2005). Before the Social Conflict, Pompeii was an independent city-state. Although...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Pompeii and Herculaneum in 79AD

...and millstones also existed at that time (Encyclopedia). It was agriculturally fertile and traded with foreign countries. Plumbing was flourishing as a trade in 79 AD in Pompeii. It included designing gutters of lead for private homes. The workers were known as plumberium (Theplumber, 1994). Wine presses and fermentation rooms have also been found in the ruins. Archaeological sources reveal that significant numbers of people were engaged in industries like olive oil, wine, and fish (Zarmati). Oil presses for extracting oil from olives have been found in both cities. Fishing was an important industry and houses with several fish tanks have been found. Pompeii was a regional centre for...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Pompeii Discoveries

...of the ruins, archaeologists have worked on the site to discover a city stopped in time, completely untouched by the progress of the preceding centuries and thus providing a slightly clouded impression of what life must have been like for this thriving society. Information gathered from eyewitness accounts of the incident as well as archaeological excavations have enabled us in the modern age to pinpoint just what happened on that day in 79 AD and discover a great deal of information regarding the daily life of people in the city at the time of the eruption. The eruption that buried Pompeii was not confined to Pompeii alone, although this is the most famous of the cities that were...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Critical Thinking Exposition Essay

... Critical Thinking Exposition Essay All scholars perceive themselves as critical thinkers and subsequently have differing definitions about the meaning of the term “critical thinking.” As such, the definitions of critical thinking vary depending on the scholar’s vantage point. Habermas defined it as emancipatory learning. Manzo Anthony et al. characterized as dialectical thinking which is the ability to address issues from several perspectives and arriving at the most reasonable and economical reconciliation of information and ideas that may seem contradictory. Riegel and Basseches defined it as dialectical thinking whereby the elements of relativist thought are integrated with those of Universalist thought. Another viewpoint... Critical...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Complete Research Paper Drafts and Peer Reviews

8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Pompeii: Villa of Mysteries

...Pompeii: Villa of Mysteries During the first century, the Roman Empire had numerous cities. Nevertheless, none of the cities was in a more beautiful setting in comparison to the towns and cities lining the Bay of Naples. On 24th of August 79 A.D., the volcanic ash spews from Mount Vesuvius led to the disappearance of Pompeii and Herculaneum from the face of the planet (earth). Consequently, vines and grass covered the land representing the location of the two towns (Fierz-David 78). It is essential to note that the native people forgot the names of the buried urban centers or towns. In 1738 and 1748, Herculaneum and Pompeii resurfaced respectively. In the mid 18th century, there was...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Columbian Exposition

...COLLEGE: COLOMBIAN EXPOSITION The World’s Columbian Exposition takes credit for the transformation of the of Chicago in 1893 and influencing the city’s development for several years to follow. The Columbian Exposition, also known as the Chicago World’s Fair, took place in Jackson Park, at the current location of the Museum of Science and Industry and the Midway Plaisance. It drew close to 27 million visitors, 14 million coming from outside the United States, at a time when the population of Chicago was slightly over one million. However, there is an assumption that close to 25% of the United States population made a visit to the Fair, and the remaining bulk of the country only had the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Archaeologys Scientific Exposition of Pompeii for FREE!

Contact Us