Nobody downloaded yet

Mussolini and Matteotti Crisis - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Benito Mussolini, also known as 'Il Duce' or The Leader, is best known as ther dictator of Italy. Mussolini managed to work his way from being a bricklayer in Switzerland to the leader of the Italians for more than 20 years through the clever use of his personality and charisma, and his driving ambition in the midst of much political turmoil and subsequent fall at the behest of his own party is interesting study in itself…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.4% of users find it useful
Mussolini and Matteotti Crisis
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Mussolini and Matteotti Crisis"

Download file to see previous pages He was executed on April 28, 1945 in Milan, Italy when economic depression and military failures in World War II led to his ousting and subsequent persecution. (Benito Mussolini, 2003; Benito Mussolini, 2007; Benito Mussolini)
Mussolini began his political career when he became editor to Milan socialist paper "Avanti!" in 1911. A gifted orator and writer, Mussolini was brought to the notice of the socialist movement when he was arrested and imprisoned for leading demonstrators protesting the attack by the Italians on Libya. Under socialist concepts, war was merely a way for the rich to get richer at the expense of the common worker. Under his editorship, the newspaper gained popularity. (Benito Mussolini, 2007)
Five months into World War I, however, Mussolini had a change of attitude, regarding war as an opportunity, and for this the socialist party expelled him. In August 1915, Mussolini answered his country's call to arms. In 1917, a mortar bomb signalled his discharge from the army with the rank of corporal. (Benito Mussolini, 2007)
Mussolini developed a political ideology to tie in support of his group, later to be known as Fascism because he named the group Fasci di Combattimento or League for Combat. He was not the first to use the word fasci but his party was the most identified with it. (Rise of Mussolini: to 1922, 2006) World War I threw Italy into an economic crisis and the country was in turmoil. In response, Mussolini formed the National Fascist Party in 1919 and people looked to him to bring order into chaos. He formed the Black Shirt militia, officially the squadre d'azione but popularly described as armed thugs that used violence against all who opposed the Fascist party with special preference for socialist, communists and democrats, and little opposition from authorities. (Rise of Mussolini: to 1922, 2006) In 1921, Mussolini and 35 other fellow Fascists became members of the Italian Chamber of Deputies. (Benito Mussolini, 2003) This was partly due to a coalition Mussolini forged with then Prime Minister Gioletti, who sought to restore authority over the Italian citizenry, which he promptly broke as soon as he gained membership. (Rise of fascism in Italy under Mussolini, 2007)
The Pacification Pact between Mussolini and the socialists in Parliament was an attempt to forge an alliance, but this was strongly opposed by the radical members of the Party, the squadristi, especially by their leaders, the ras. Attempts to disband the squadristi failed and the pact was dissolved. (March on Rome, 2007)
The March on Rome and Military Loyalty
The ruling Leftist party initiated a general strike against the Fascists in August 1922, and Mussolini saw his opportunity for his party to grab power. Mussolini counted on the indecisiveness of the Italian government under Prime Minister Luigi Facta and the growing discontent of the citizenry to hedge his gamble. He threatened a march to Rome of 40,000 strong Black Shirts, ostensibly as an intervention necessary to uphold a weak government as solidified by its failure to the secure the Italian-speaking town of Fiume as due recognition for the contributions of Italy to World ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Mussolini and Matteotti Crisis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Mussolini and Matteotti Crisis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1520589-mussolini-and-matteotti-crisis
(Mussolini and Matteotti Crisis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Mussolini and Matteotti Crisis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words. https://studentshare.org/history/1520589-mussolini-and-matteotti-crisis.
“Mussolini and Matteotti Crisis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1520589-mussolini-and-matteotti-crisis.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Mussolini and Matteotti Crisis

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini

..., “We play upon every chord of the lyre, from violence to religion, from art to politics.” 3 The start of fascism was not grand as Mussolini himself formed the first Fascio di Combattimento in March, 1919, which erupted in the coming into being of the National Fascist party in November, 1921. The sensational march on Rome, which positioned the party safely in power, happened on 22 October. Fascism took a defensive posture with the murder of Matteotti in May1924 but from which it emerged strong. It has not since then seen backward; it went ahead with its creative program resulting in the great Labor Charter of April 1927, the most happening thing. 3 The inner reality of fascism did not match with the...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

Benito Mussolini

...? Benito Mussolini was born on the 29th day of July in 1883 near a town called Predippio located in north-east Italy. Born to parents Alessandro who was a blacksmith and Rosa a school teacher; along with two younger siblings-the Mussolini’s were very poor. Benito’s father was a socialist and Republican who believed that there should be a much better dissemination of affluence in Italy and cancellation of the Monarchy. Many citizens agreed with Alessandro’s belief of Republicanism and his beliefs were major influences in his son Benito Mussolini’s life. While going to school, Benito rebelled against various issues. Rosa, his mother had insisted he go to this school which was operated by...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Radiation crisis/chemical crisis

...?Radiation crisis/chemical crisis Part A Among new graduate nurses working during radiation and chemical crisis, there is a need for them to go through a thorough training process in radiation crisis. In the first place, these new nurses must first be treated like ordinary citizens and not be allowed to be involved in the management of the crisis. If they are to have any roles in the management of the crisis at all, they need to go through the proper training in radiation crisis management first. If it be inevitable that they have to assist in radiation crisis, they need to be partnered with other nurses...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Hitler Fascism and Mussolini Fascism

...Hitler Fascism and Mussolini Fascism Introduction Fascism is a form of totalitarian government, with an authoritative dictator who takes control over the entire nation, its people and economy. It is a political ideology with a radical nationalism concept, which initiates a ‘revolution’ for promoting the fascist principles. Basically rejecting the idea of socialism, capitalism and democracy, Fascism is anti-liberal in nature and has a sound emphasis on ethnocentrism and militarism. Benito Mussolini in Italy and Adolf Hitler in Germany are the two notable dictators, who embodied fascism in their countries and claimed ultimate power over it. The form of fascism adopted in Germany and Italy by these leaders...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Successes and failures of Mussolini

...Successes and failures of Mussolini Order No.248866 November'08 Successes and failures of Mussolini Italy was under the dictatorship of Mussolini from 1922 t0 1939. During his rule he totally changed the policies of the Government with a view to improve economic stability and also for the welfare of the people. He also wanted to strengthen his power by influencing the public. Of these policies some were successful, some were not. Mussolini once declared "Our programme is simple. We want to rule Italy" (Mussolini). Carsten (1962) commenting on this statement said, "This is the real program of any Leftist. But Mussolini had the honesty to be upfront about it." There is an element of truth in this statement. Mussolini was among... the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Crisis

...Any crisis is stressful and the ability to cope with it is even more taxing if it is sudden. I have had the misfortune of being involved in one suchsituational crisis- the deadliest natural disaster in the US history - the Hurricane Katrina. There was no forewarning of the intensity of the flood waters and the inundation; of the inaccessible roads and the long-lasting effect that it would leave. My family is from New Orleans and while my twin sister and I had moved out, my parents and a sister still lived there. Fortunately, they managed to evacuate in time but lost everything in the floods. Although 80 percent of the residents were evacuated, this disaster left a severe impact on a large segment of the population, on economy... and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Hitler-Mussolini

...Hitler-Mussolini: Psychology of Leadership Psychology of Leadership means that the thoughts, perceptions and feelings of a leader are to be studied. The leaders whose way of thinking and feeling, I have to study are dictators and how they affected others. Dictators are leaders ruling absolutely and often oppressively. They hold complete autocratic control. The dictators I am referring to are Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. Both of them were oppressive to or contemptuously overbearing toward others. Adolf Hitler was the German Chancellor of the Third Reich and Fuhrer. He dominated the world’s destiny for a decade being hailed by a majority of Germans with the fanatical minority worshipping him. He was...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Benito Mussolini and Italian Fascism

...Benito Mussolini was an Italian World War soldier and also a journalist with the socialist newspaper. Benito Mussolini was born on the year 1886, in North Central Italy. The mother of Benito Mussolini was a school teacher, and a devout catholic Christian. On the other hand, the father of Benito Mussolini was an atheist, and a very violent man, who hated elections. Mussolini himself was not a gentleman, always making trouble and believing in violence (Deakin, 2000). On most occasions, he was accused of trying to knife his classmates. This is when they had different opposing views, from that of Benito Mussolini (Painter, 2000). His beliefs...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Crisis

...Crisis Stress is defined as the non-specific reaction or response of the body, which is overwhelmed due to demand for the changes, when any threat with regards to the environmental changes occur and individuals have to respond to the changes accordingly. Whereas crisis may be defined as an obstacle or the period when individuals experience a negative mood shift and are commonly disorganized and insuperable by the use of customary methods of problem solving, within which many attempts to abort changes are made. Crisis state usually cannot be resolved by using copying mechanism as the person undergoing such a phase is unable to perform normally and require intervention to reclaim the state...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Stalin and Mussolini

... Stalin and Mussolini Introduction The historical triumph of some political leaders comprises a series of changes in status, as well as practice of power. The history of some of the participants of the large civil wars such as the World War I and the world II relied on some sociological circumstances and platforms to gather powers. The most predominant eras where political figures established their dynasties and forms of power was between the 1920s and the end of the World War II (Neville 34). The world’s political arena was a disaster and disorganized because most leaders performed from the propulsion of self-interests(Neville 43). Some of the popular political leaders were Benito Mussolini and Joseph Stalin. Both leaders share... the...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Mussolini and Matteotti Crisis for FREE!

Contact Us