We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Italy History and Politics - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
For years, Italy has suffered as a victim of its own stereotypes. You've seen it a dozen times: Marlon Brando with his gravely voice, talking about giving his competitor "an offer he can't refuse". …
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Italy History and Politics
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Italy History and Politics

Download file to see previous pages... Certainly all 4 families flex their muscles throughout Italy and beyond its borders, but the strength of corruption's grip is felt most noticeably in the South.

Consider this: although a large flow of cash is continually funneled through political parties and persons in positions of power [reference Silvio Belusconi's rise, fall and subsequent rise to power as an example], Italy's underworld makes it's biggest profits from the lowest common denominator: the public sector. Hence the existence of the "tangenti" better known as the bribe or kickback. Used as a means to buy into businesses and the lucrative contracts that come with it; in areas as diverse as construction, trash removal and produce distribution to name just a few ( Moody 1 ).

The rampant use of the tangenti reached epic heights during the 1980's and 1990's. Paul Ginsborg touches on the phenomenon is his epic volume Italy and It's Discontents where he briefly examines the kickback scandals inherit to the later half of the 90's as well as the murky relationship between seven-time Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti and the Mafia. Money wasn't buying power so much as it was buying position. Consider one of the most well known Italian kickback scandals of the last 20 years involving computer giant Olivetti.
In a face-to-face admission with Milan prosecutors, Olivetti Chief executive officer Carlo De Benedetti confessed that his company $6.8 million in tangenti between 1988 and the end of 1991. Most of the money, he said, was funneled to the Socialist and Christian Democrat parties in return for contracts to nearly $400 million worth of computers and printers to Italy’s national postal service (Moody 4). Why the motivation to play with the bad guys? Before Olivetti involved itself in tangenti, the company's annual sales to the post office totaled just over $1 million. The next year after tangenti payments kicked in and money was delivered to the political parties Olivetti revenues soared to nearly 4150 million. A coincidence Recalled De Benedetti:
When I stopped paying, we (Olivetti) didn't get
any more business with the Italian post office.
But what hurt more is that our business outside
of Italy suffered. It was impossible to sell any-
anything to the Dutch, for instance, since we
couldn't get a good reference any longer from
within Italy. (Moody 3)
Thirty years later and same type of hardball is still played. As recently as 5 October 2005, Federal investigators were unraveling a huge kickback scandal involving the Mafia and construction companies bidding for multi-million dollar lucrative contracts to build a bridge that will link Reggio Calabria and Mesina and cut travel time in half.(La Republica, 6).
In sharp contrast, it's not like Italians haven't at least tried to rebel against this type of underhandedness. Widespread state corruption, historically endemic in the country, accelerated during the 1980's and both the ruling parties were systematically involved in clientism, and stealing from the public purse. The mafia thrived thanks to collusions of the state. Key figures in Italy's various crime families did deals with politicians which guaranteed votes of immunity ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Politics
The concept of a party system started in the US and immediately reached other democracies. European scholars Bryce and Ostrogorsky are the pioneers in this concept. The party system of today is adopted from the ideas of Giovanni Sartori who suggested the classification of party systems into the number of relevant parties as well as their degree of fragmentation (Karnoven & Kuhnle, 2000; Lipset & Rokkan, 1967; Sartori, 2005).
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
The Renaissance and its origin in Italy
The Renaissance and its origin in Italy. The term Renaissance literally means “rebirth”. This movement holds great significance for the social, cultural and political history of the West. Various theories have been advanced as to why the Renaissance took place and why it originated in what we know today as Italy.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Mafia politics in italy
In this essay, I will argue that the mafia most be destroyed in order for democracy and freedom to flourish. Statistics show that every year corruption costs Italians more than 50 billion euros.2 This is an unacceptable cost. One of the ways that the mafia infiltrates the economy is through corruption.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Circuit Protection and Polyphase Motors
Like other circuit breakers, ABCB also aims to maintain a high voltage arc gap which will withstand over current and voltage, and prevent damage to the components. The high arc voltage is maintained at a level far greater than the supply voltage. For this objective, three techniques may be employed; cooling the arc plasma (which is air), increasing the length of arc path and splitting the arc into a number of series arcs.
15 Pages(3750 words)Assignment
Rap and Hip-Hop Culture
This answer begins with the thesis of the research, which is 'The rap/hip-hop culture tends to contain adolescent themes of autonomy and rebellion. Rap music has particularly been known to make provocative remarks towards women.' The main body of the paper tries to explore the thesis statement further.
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
History and Culture of Medieval Italy
The cities of medieval Italy responded to wars with extraordinary vitality; it was the vigor that fuled fierce local pride but worked against national unity. Italians wars have started in 1490s and resulted in the long debilitating wave of foreign invasions that ended only with the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Allied strategy in WWII for campaign on mainland Italy
One of the aftermaths of the cessation of hostilities was the development of cold war and all the members of the triple alliance became suspicious of each others intent and a blame game started. We need to analyze the allegation of opportunism on the allied forces keeping in mind that we learn from out past by carefully sifting through the facts, as McCullough very rightly reflects:
18 Pages(4500 words)Essay
Politics
Science has been pivotal in ascertaining the nature of these problems and has also contributed much in outlining state policies, although it is without limitations and uncertainties. The partnership of science and public policy is indeed a marvelous
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay
Contemporary Italy: Economy, Society and Politics
The majority of the people, who reside in the third world countries, are young individuals. In Italy, there has been rise in population and therefore, the country does not
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
History of Florence italy
The paper is aimed at determining and expounding on the history of Florence art, architecture and other stuff which led to the renowned city. In the first competition between 14th and 15th century, the whole Europe and the Catholic Church had
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Discover culture not related to mine Little Italy
There are lots of restaurants, coffee shops, boutiques, galleries and events I would to attend in order to get sufficient information about history, infrastructure building, politics,
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Italy History and Politics for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us