Nobody downloaded yet

Abyssinian crisis 1935-1936 - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Benito Mussolini, the fascist ruler of Italy, had a vision for Italian Empire, similar to the Roman Empire, to rule over the Mediterranean and to also take revenge of the Italian defeat at the Battle of Adwa which happened in Ethiopia on March 1, 1896. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.5% of users find it useful
Abyssinian crisis 1935-1936
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Abyssinian crisis 1935-1936"

Download file to see previous pages Benito Mussolini, the fascist ruler of Italy, had a vision for Italian Empire, similar to the Roman Empire, to rule over the Mediterranean and to also take revenge of the Italian defeat at the Battle of Adwa which happened in Ethiopia on March 1, 1896. Mussolini pledged the Italian people "a place in the sun," as England and France who both had large empires at the time had colonial possessions. Ethiopia was a main candidate of this expansionist ambition for several reasons. Following the rush for Africa by the European imperialists it was one of the few remaining independent African nations, and it would serve to merge the Italian-held Eritrea to the north-west and Italian Somaliland to the east. It was thought to be militarily vulnerable, and abundant in resources.Britain's interest lay around Lake Tana and the headwaters of the Abay (Blue Nile). Italy's main interest was in linking Eritrea with Italian Somaliland. France's interest was the territory to be crossed by the railroad from Addis Ababa to Djibouti in French Somaliland.France and other Europeans were not much concerned at the thought of an Italian conquest of part of Abyssinia, given that their own interests were secured. Thus Italy eventually came out as a victor in the Abyssinian War with the major booty with other countries having their trivial share in the pursuit.The Italo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1928 that drew up the boundaries between Italian Somaliland and Ethiopia stated the border was 21 leagues parallel to the Benadir coast. The Italians re-interpreted this to mean 21 nautical leagues, rather than 21 standard leagues, which then gave them greater territory. Acting on this, they built a fort at the Walwal oasis in the Ogaden desert in 1930.
In 1934 Ethiopian territorial troops, along with the Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission, disputed Italy's invasion. The British members of the commission soon withdrew to avoid an international incident. The tensions resulted in a clash that left 150 Ethiopian and 50 Italians dead. The issue was the Abyssinia Crisis tabled at the League of Nations.
The League of Nations absolved both the warring parties in September 1935. Italy then started to build its forces on the borders of Ethiopia in Eritrea and Italian Somaliland.
With an eminent attack, the Emperor Haile Selassie ordered a general mobilization. His new recruits consisted of around 500,000 men, many of whom were armed with primeval weapons such as spears and bows. Others were equipped with more new weapons, including rifles, but many of these were from the late 19th century and as such were often obsolete (Pankhurst, 605-608)1.
Abyssinian Crisis 1935-1936: An Introduction
The Second Italo-Abyssinian War was a brief war between the Kingdom of Italy and Ethiopia in the early 1930s. It resulted in the occupation of Ethiopia into Italian East Africa. It resulted in the Abyssinia Crisis at the League of Nations, which is often seen as a manifestation of the incompetence of the organization.

In 1935, Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia while addressing the League of Nations attacked the Italian invasion.

On October 3, 1935, Marshal Emilio De Bono moved into Ethiopia from Eritrea without declaration of War. He had 100,000 Italian soldiers and 25,000 Eritrean soldiers under his command. A smaller force, under the command of General Rodolfo Graziani, moved into Ethiopia from Italian Somaliland. By October 6, Adwa fell to De Bono's forces. By October 15, De Bono's forces moved on to capture the capital of Axum. The occupying Italians plundered the Obelisk of Axum after annexing the city.

On October 7 although the League of Nations declared Italy as the aggressor however was unable with effective sanctions. The British and French drafted the Hoare-Laval Plan; it highly favored the Italians, and was ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Abyssinian crisis 1935-1936 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Abyssinian Crisis 1935-1936 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Abyssinian Crisis 1935-1936 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Italy's invasion of Ethiopia in 1935
..., Italy’s modern weapons would triumph against the Ethiopians. The conflict would enable Italy to achieve its imperial objectives in the short term. But World War II would end the dreams of the fascist regime to become a powerful colonial power. Ethiopians would continue their heroic resistance through partisan warfare. Works Cited Gooch, John (2007). Mussolini and His Generals. Cambridge: Cambridge University press Mockler, Anthony (2003). Haile Sellassie's War. New York: Olive Branch Press Nicolle, David (1997). The Italian Invasion of Abyssinia 1935-1936. Westminster, Maryland: Osprey Shinn, David Hamilton, Ofcansky, Thomas P., and Prouty, Chris (2004). Historical dictionary of Ethiopia. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press... Italy's...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Luigi Pirandello 1867-1936 War
...?Sukhwinder Singh Andrea Hart Composition II 26 September Luigi Pirandello (1867-1936) – War The short story War by Luigi Pirandello brings the human tragedy and sorrow associated with wars to the readers’ attention in a very moving and effective manner. At a superficial level the characters in the story appear to convey that the human beings being social animals have a political side to their personality, which should command a greater importance over the family bonds and ties. The characters in the story suffering from the loss of their loved ones in the ongoing war, try hard to make eachother believe that it is natural to bear with such losses, in the name of the country and the King. However, the real skill of...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The Abyssinian crisis led to the failure of the League of Nations
...War: Pierre Laval and the Politics of Reality, 1935-1936. Piscataway: Transactional Publishers, 1999. Print. Eloranta, Jari. “Why did the League of Nations fail?” Cliometrica 5.1(2011): 27-52. Print. Florian, Matthew. “The League of Nations: Exercise in Futility”. Spring 2009. Web. 09 December 2013. Holt, Andrew. “No more Hoares to Paris’: British foreign policymaking and the Abyssinian Crisis, 1935”. Review of international studies 37.3 (2010): 1383-1401. Print. Kelly, Nigel and Lacey, Greg. Modern World History for OCR Specification 1937: Core. Oxford: Heinemann, 2001. Print. Mendum, Alan and Waugh, Steve. Revise Modern World History for AQA...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Men and Women's tailoring 1935-1950
...Men and Women’s Tailoring (1935-1950) Introduction From prehistoric times when fig leaves and loin cloths were sufficient clothing for men and women, fashion has since, diversely and radically evolved. The practical purpose of clothing has also changed throughout the years. At some point, the aesthetic part of fashion made its mark into our clothes and our lives. But now, both the practical and the aesthetic part of men and women’s clothing have found their way into our closets. The evolution of our clothing sensibilities has been diverse and gradual. And it has often been influenced by events which have caused upheavals or changes in our values and our sensibilities. This paper shall critically assess the effects...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
1936 Coca Cola Print Advertisement
...1936 Coca Cola Print Advertisement Nowadays, advertisements in its various forms provide helpful information that will not only share thoughts at its finest creativity but will also capture attention and provide a lasting impression. Modern it may seem, the idea is not as new as people have ever thought. The early 20th century was considered to be the early years of modern advertisement (as cited in Marchand, p. 1). The ancient ways of messengers saying out loud information was dramatically transformed through printing and posting colorful and message-entailing posters for the general public to view. One of the evidences that we can take a look at is Coca Cola’s 1936 printed advertisement. To tackle...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Mexican Film From 1936 to Present
...Running Head: MEXICAN FILMS FROM 1936 TO TODAY What impact did early Mexican film directors have on Mexican society from 1936 to present? Socially, politically, intellectually, economically, to what extent do Mexican film directors create the images that come to be held by the masses?  Abstract: The paper revolves around the Mexican film industry. It throws light on the impact of Mexican film directors on the Mexican society and how the film industry evolved. It elaborates on the various ways in which the Mexican film industry has impacted the society politically, socially, morally. It gives insight into the genres of movies which have been hugely popular amongst the Mexican masses. About the Mexican Film...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay
Huey Long Share of Wealth 1935
... (Your Huey Long Share of Wealth 1935 Louisiana’s governor Huey Long became very popular and a huge amount of population followed him because of his services for the state. During 1932, he became a member of the US Senate and he was supporting Franklin D Roosevelt. Later his relationship with the president ended and he initiated a nationwide movement called “Share Our Wealth”. This movement was initiated to replace the New Deal. The details of Long’s Share of Wealth movement are as follows: Long proposed that each family was to be aided with an income of at least one third of the amount of average family capital (Edsforth 208). This meant that every family was to be aided with an income of $2000 per year. The movement even stated...
1 Pages(250 words)Admission/Application Essay
Charlie Chaplin's Modern Times (1936)
...Charlie Chaplin’s Modern Times (1936) Modern Times is a comedy film written in 1936 (Flom 6). The film was directed by Charlie Chaplain. In the film, there is an iconic Little Tramp character struggling to survive in the modern, industrialized era. The film comments on many people facing desperate employment and fiscal conditions during the great depression. The producer of the film has created these conditions using the efficiencies of modern industrialization. This essay is going to explore the relationship of the film to the cultural and social norms of the time when the film was produced. Chaplain, the producer of the movie, had a vision of scientific management in 1930 when the movie was produced....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
...Crisis Stress is defined as the non-specific reaction or response of the body, which is overwhelmed due to demand for the changes, when any threat with regards to the environmental changes occur and individuals have to respond to the changes accordingly. Whereas crisis may be defined as an obstacle or the period when individuals experience a negative mood shift and are commonly disorganized and insuperable by the use of customary methods of problem solving, within which many attempts to abort changes are made. Crisis state usually cannot be resolved by using copying mechanism as the person undergoing such a phase is unable to perform normally and require intervention to reclaim the state...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Social Security Act of 1935
...The 1935 Social Security Act and its effects on the American society al affiliation The 1935 Social Security Act and its effects on the American society The Social Security Act created in 1935 is one of the most important legislations in the history of the United States. Social issues such as unemployment, old-age, and poverty were addressed in the Act, through the creation of insurance programs to cover these areas of social life. The Act originated from the need for social insurance in terms of health, employment, and old-age benefits during the industrialization period (Martin & Weaver, 2005). The growth of industries resulted in a majority of Americans relying on wage income which was...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Abyssinian crisis 1935-1936 for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us