Nobody downloaded yet

How do authoritarianism and sultanism differ, and which type of authoritarianism defines Arab monarchies Give contemporary exam - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
How do authoritarianism and sultanism differ, and which type of authoritarianism defines Arab monarchies? Introduction Reviewing historical records makes it evident that non-democratic governmental orders have been in existence right from the beginning of the human civilisation…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.9% of users find it useful
How do authoritarianism and sultanism differ, and which type of authoritarianism defines Arab monarchies Give contemporary exam
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"How do authoritarianism and sultanism differ, and which type of authoritarianism defines Arab monarchies Give contemporary exam"

Download file to see previous pages The whole of the twentieth century has gained importance in history for creating more authoritative regimes that include Hitler’s rule of Germany, Stalin’s regime in the then USSR, Pol Pot’s reign in Cambodia and Mao’s brutal rule in China, than for democratic transformations. It is easy to relate non-democratic regimes as historical and political anomalies in the twenty-first century, especially after the collapse of the communist USSR during the late 1980s and the dramatic revolution in the Middle East (also known as the Arab Spring of 2011); however, it would be overly optimistic to view non-democratic authoritative bodies as outdated. Such perspectives fail to take into account the possibilities that forcibly removing one authoritarian leader may simply lead to another one taking his/her place, or it may also lead to foreign invasion, or even a failed state. A study of literature showed that the breakdown of the USSR and the subsequent collapse of communism did not bring democracy to countries such as Uzbekistan, neither does the ousting of authoritative heads in Yemen, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt guarantee stable democracies in all these states. In this context, Way claimed that when the collapse of the USSR and the Arab Spring of 2011 are compared, it reveals the likelihood of the survival of authoritative regimes, ‘and that those [Arab] countries which do witness authoritarian collapse will be less likely to democratize than their European counterparts were’ (2011: 17). It is noteworthy that the Middle East has singularly remained steadfast in maintaining a non-democratic authoritative regime in power in the form of monarchy or sultanism. Sultanism is a type of authoritarian regime, where a ruler is present in all aspects of governance. Sultanism is a term derived from the Arabic word sultan, which denotes an absolute monarch in Muslim societies. In the context of authoritative regimes, as seen in the Middle East and North Africa, Belling said: While the number of electoral democracies [in Middle East and North Africa] has nearly doubled since 1972, the number in this region has registered an absolute decline. Today, only two out of twenty-one countries qualify as electoral democracies, down from three observed in 1972. Stagnation is also evident in the guarantee of political rights and civil liberties. While the number of countries designated free by Freedom House has doubled in the Americas and in the Asia-Pacific region, increased tenfold in Africa, and risen exponentially in Central and East Europe over the past thirty years, there has been no overall improvement in the Middle East and North Africa. Aggregate scores in 2002 differ little from 1972. Fifteen countries are designated not free, five partly free, and only one free. While a few countries, notably Morocco, Jordan, Bahrain, and Yemen, have registered noteworthy progress toward political liberalization in the past decade, overall the vast majority of countries has failed to catch the wave of democratization that has swept nearly every other part of the world (2004: 139). This essay will make a study of the available literature to find out the differences between authoritarianism and sultanism regimes, and the type of authoritarianism that defines Arab monarchies. Discussion Non-democratic regime in the general sense relates to the rule by a political body or a government in a manner that does not ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“How do authoritarianism and sultanism differ, and which type of Essay”, n.d.)
How do authoritarianism and sultanism differ, and which type of Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1495747-how-do-authoritarianism-and-sultanism-differ-and
(How Do Authoritarianism and Sultanism Differ, and Which Type of Essay)
How Do Authoritarianism and Sultanism Differ, and Which Type of Essay. https://studentshare.org/history/1495747-how-do-authoritarianism-and-sultanism-differ-and.
“How Do Authoritarianism and Sultanism Differ, and Which Type of Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1495747-how-do-authoritarianism-and-sultanism-differ-and.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Give an example of false imprisonment. How does false imprisonment differ from kidnapping How does it differ from false arrest
...learns that the person is innocent, but still go ahead to lock the person up. It could then be said that the detective has falsely imprisoned the individual and this is a clear case of false imprisonment. It should be noted that false imprisonment differs from kidnapping in so many ways. While false imprisonment is usually done by officers of the law, kidnapping is not in any way done by officers of the law. Kidnapping is the criminally act of abducting somebody forcefully against their will and it is usually done for ransom. False imprisonment is usually carried out with the officers that made the false imprisonment giving the impression that they are working according to the statutes of the law, while...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Oil, Islam and Authoritarianism Critical Review Paper
...? OIL, ISLAM AND ITARIANISM CRITICAL REVIEW PAPER OIL, ISLAM AND ITARIANISM CRITICAL REVIEW PAPER Oil and the religion of Islam figures prominently in much of our news headlines today, even more so after the events of 9/11 when the Middle East became the focus of the world’s perception of terrorists hotbeds. Our wars in Afghanistan and Iraq would seemingly be based on our retribution against the terrorist’s attacks and yet, today, we know that oil is the big bargaining chip along with the complicated viewpoint of Islamic culture which is far different from what the Western countries are used to dealing with. Kathleen Collins shows in her report how the current state of affairs has come about by reviewing...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
The Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East
...some unique ways of keeping the security coercive over time. The only hope for the region would be institutionalizing the security in order to reduce the coercion. The author has effectively brought out the key cause of the lack of democratic transition in Middle East and North African countries. She has succeeded in highlighting the fundamental cause among the many potential explanations. She has exposed the exceptional factors in the region. Use of examples and illustrations give the reader a conviction that her claims are logical and true. She uses information about the region and compares that with data from other regions to build a basis of her arguments effectively. Work Cited Beissinger, Mark. An interrelated...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Oil, Islam and Authoritarianism: Central Asia in Global Politics
...). Entrenched inequality is a situation created by the influence of exports to political structures and economic development. For instance, political analogy of North and South America gives a picture of how resource accumulation impedes democratization. The features in North America consisted of small landowners while the situation in South America consisted of Land barons. South America land barons resisted any move that intended to create democratic movement as opposed to North American peasants who joined hand to advocate for social changes. The above analogy applies to central Asian republics where a few barons resist any move that influence political conditions in the nation (Billon, 2001:564)....
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Defines Atom
...cannot do anything that does not involve us interacting with elements that contain atoms. Like different elements around us, human bodies have their own equivalent to an atom. Humans are made up of organ systems such as the system that allows us to breathe, the system that allows blood to move all over our bodies and the system that allows us to think and respond to things around us. These are just a few of the systems in the body and they can each be divided into certain organs such as the heart, the lungs or the brain. Each of these organs can also be divided into smaller components which are known as tissues and each tissue is specific to each organ. The tissues can then also be divided into cells...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Who Defines Beauty
...of meanings that we can apply. Some of antiquity’s great minds were the first of many to define human beauty mathematically linking it to geometry, specifically the Golden Ratio. Civilizations thereafter used the Golden Ratio in various visual art forms believing that the Golden ratio conceives a beautiful, even magical, value for their art (Zackowicz). According to Newman, goodness as the moral equation of beauty were also used by philosophers (1) while others described beauty according to the modern definition of the dictionary which expresses beauty as “qualities in a person or thing that gives pleasure to the senses or pleasurably exalts the mind or spirit.” (Merriam-Webster). The...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Who defines beauty
...in understanding these two perspectives the paper shall ultimately seek to answer the question who defines beauty. Universal beauty metrics Universal metrics of beauty do exist. For example symmetry has been scientifically proven to be inherently attractive to the human eye across age, culture or gender (Feng Para 3; Cowley 1). This universal preference for symmetry is also observed in animals and scientists believe that symmetry points toward presence of a strong immune system. The similarity being referred to here is bilateral symmetry which is manifested by the extent to which the left and right sides of the body and face match and not necessarily about proportions (Cowley 2). This however does...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Defines Compares and Contrast
...DEFINES COMPARES AND CONTRAST DEFINES COMPARES AND CONTRAST Businesses, organizations and institutions have always made claims of the role of innovation, design and creativity to their development and growth. However, debate continues to rage on the definition, similarities and differences that these three terms carry. This issue is worth settling because having clearer understanding of these will lead to a better application of them (Poon, Choi and Davis, 2008). Poon, Choi and Davis (2008) explained creativity is a cognitive act that embodies the ability to conceive something original or unusual. Design on the other hand has been defined to be the putting together of...
2 Pages(500 words)Coursework
Authoritarianism in the Middle East
...guidance and control of the Middle East states by the external powers steers is a key input to help them in the constituting democratic rules and institutions. In addition, external powers precipitate in promoting investments and economic growth needed to expand all the middle class or citizens in the Middle East to enhance economic and social independence that are a prerequisite for democratization. In the process of expansion, external powers increase regime legitimacy and dampening Islamic radicalization. The strategies aid in steering further democratization. Bibliography Anderson, Lisa. “Absolutism and the resilience of monarchy in the Middle East.” Political Science Quarterly 106.1 (1991): 1-15. Bellin, Eva. “The...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
How jails differ from prisons
...How jails differ from prisons March 21, How jails differ from prisons Jails and prisons are facilities in the criminal justicesystem for holding those who are booked for offences, pending trial, and those who have been convicted. Differences, such as organizational and administrative differences, however exist between the two facilities. One of the organizational differences between jails and prisons is their sources of funds. Municipal and county governments fund jails while state and federal governments fund prisons. Even though the facilities may enjoy a level of autonomy, due to expected level of expertise in service delivery, possible need for accountability to the funders identifies differences in funding stakeholders... are also...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic How do authoritarianism and sultanism differ, and which type of authoritarianism defines Arab monarchies Give contemporary exam for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us