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Muslim Brotherhood: Evolution, the Umma - Research Paper Example

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This paper discusses the Muslim Brotherhood, the evolution of its identity through time and its general history, and includes a discussion of its Umma program. The Muslim Brotherhood defines itself as a group whose aims are the promotion of progress that are founded on references that are Islamic in nature…
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Muslim Brotherhood: Evolution, the Umma
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Muslim Brotherhood: Evolution, the Umma

Download file to see previous pages... hat of a political movement with Islam retooled from its religious contexts and used instead as a political ideology to power the drive to power of the entire organization (Haqqani; Kingsley; Dreyfuss; Hansen). To be sure, the political aspects of the work of the Muslim Brotherhood were not always central to the work that it did, having had a phase in its history when the Muslim Brotherhood focused its efforts on non-political, social agendas such as the provision of schools, hospitals, and medical dispensaries all over the Muslim world. That said, its essential character as an organization that has given birth to Islamist, or militant Islam movements based on Sunni roots, in different parts of the world, remained part of what the Muslim Brotherhood came to be identified with. This is true from its early years and extends all the way back to its founding in 1928. As the oldest such group that aimed to put Islamic law at the center of an effort to organize the world according to Islamic contexts, it had always been known to meld political action with social action and the references to religion to advance its aims. On the other hand, its early history was marked by an ascendancy based on the identification of western powers in the Arab world as enemies that needed to be rooted out, in the process building a support base among a section of the intellectual elite, and the lower portion of the middle class in those societies. For the Muslim Brotherhood the whole vision of an Islamic world context is out of sync with Western models of governments and the economy, and so the latter had to be displaced, politically and with the use of force if necessary, which is what it did use many times throughout its somewhat chaotic history. Its drive to power gained legitimacy in the...
This essay stresses that the words associated with this latter Ummah are jihad, terroristic, and armed struggle. Keen observers note that this Ummah, when coddled by leadership in countries like Syria which have strong militant tendencies, are encouraged with regard to their more dangerous leanings, and this is where the threat to other nations lies. An aspect of the identity of the Muslim Brotherhood is this dark side let loose too, as has been the case throughout its history where the group had been shown to have had a hand in the perpetration of political killings and terroristic acts in the name of a political struggle and a perennial drive to wrestle control of the political reins of power in various parts of the world.
This report makes a conclusion that the evolution of the concept and political reality of the Umma reflects the inner dynamic and the core identity characteristics of the Muslim Brotherhood itself. While benevolent and inclusive, and religious, in its social conception, its flipside is that aspect of its use by Islamists to further more militant, dogmatic, conservative and aggressive. The Umma and its progeny in Egypt and various parts of the Arab world, including in Syria, are as much a product of the designs of those who are in positions of leadership as they are also the product of the same dynamics of identity that define the way of being of the Muslim Brotherhood itself. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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