Liberalism and Marxism in Regard to Freedom and Equality Name Institution Date Liberalism is a term used to refer to the political and economical doctrine that gives emphases on freedoms and rights of individuals and the need to limit the powers of the state…
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That means that, the liberals advocated for limited state intervention on matters regarding the economic system of a country. Marxism is an ideology developed by Friedrich Engels and Karl Marx. In this ideology, the two historians claim that every person is entitled to enjoy the fruits of his or her labor, but this does not happen especially in capitalist economic systems thus leading to the formation of classes in the society. With this, the essay gives a comparison and contrast on liberalism and Marxism in regard to the theme of freedom and equality. As stated above, liberalism is a political and economic doctrine, which gives emphases on the freedom of individuals and the need to limit the powers of the state. Liberals in the late 19th and 20th century advocated for limited state intervention on matters regarding the economic system of the state. They also emphasized on creation of free health care and free public education. After World War II, a classical liberal position came in resulting in the creation of free markets especially among conservatives in the United States of America and Britain. The liberalism social reforms focused on expanding individual rights and reducing inequality (Tucker, 2008). Liberalism is founded on ideas of equality and liberty. Liberalism supports different ideas and views such as freedom of trade, freedom of religion, civil rights, ownership of private property and freedom of the press. Liberalism rejected aspects of divine rights of the Kings and absolute monarchy. That means that they rejected the aspect of the state enforcing absolute power to the citizens. A great philosopher John Locke founded the liberalism as a distinct philosophical ideology. According to his ideology John said that, each citizen has a right to life, to own property and to liberty. He further said that, the government should not violate such rights for their citizens, which is according to the social contract. Liberalism advocated for democracy and the rule of the law. Democracy regarding the matters such as freedom of expression that is why they advocated for the freedom of the press. Liberalism aimed at overthrowing the tyrannical rule of the government thus making sure that, democracy is practiced in all the respective states (Sayer, 2009). Although classical conservative ideology opposed liberalism, liberalism found themselves on the winning side most of the time in most of the states. This shows that most people advocated for democracy and disregarded the tyrannical rule. Most of the states adopted John’s ideology. For instance in the United States of America, their declaration of independence stated that, all men were created equally and endowed by their creator with different rights which are pursuit of happiness, life and liberty thus echoing John’s ideology of liberty, life and individual ownership of property. In addition, history records that, with John’s ideology on liberty, the French revolution overthrew the hereditary form of governance and advocated for fraternity, equality and liberty (Friedman, 2008). By doing so and adopting John’s slogan of equality and liberty, they were granted universal male suffrage whereby any man could stand as an election candidate during the elections and the hereditary form of governance was done away with which resulted to dictatorship. In the 19th century, liberalism focused on a world free from government intervention especially in the economic sector. Liberals
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It shall also discuss the extent to which this ideology has transformed itself. In other words, it shall seek to answer whether or not it can still call itself liberalism. In answering these issues, this paper seeks to conclude whether there is a core or essence of liberalism which has survived and which gives it lasting meaning.
The study throws light on two of the most recognized ideologies in the recent world are modern conservatism and modern liberalism. One of the striking similarities between modern conservatism and modern liberalism is that both of them have changed considerably from their original ideologies, traditional conservatism and social liberalism.
Socialism is more related to social relations and equal power for all, for example, equal relations in the management of political and economic situations (World Socialist party). The word “socialism” mainly describes an economic system; the system which favors rules within which wealth is equally distributed among the appropriate people who claim to have a share on the wealth or on the resources they consume.
This report has been written in an attempt to critically evaluate realism, liberalism and Marxism in relation to global politics. The theory of realism traces its history back to ancient Chinese literature and hence it has influenced the global political scenario from the very beginning of human civilization.
The contemporary world is characterized by unequal distribution of wealth, resources, and power. With regard to the American society today, it is clear that there are capitalistic elements present in the society. Karl Marx in the nineteenth century addressed the theme of capitalism, which results in denial of justice to some class of people in the society.
In other words, liberalism is the belief that the will of a man is not subject to the will of someone else. The Fundamental Liberal Principle is defined as the belief that political authority must be justified in order to assert authority over people.
pag). Marxism is the philosophy and social theory based on Karl Marxs work. In other words Marxism is the political, economic, and social principles and policies promoted by Karl Marx and Frederik Engels (www.marxismfaq.co.uk, n.
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