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Kashmir: Point of Conflict between India and Pakistan - Research Paper Example

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Although some of the modern historians and research scholars consider Kashmir as one of the most dangerous zones in the world, sandwiched between two nuclear nations, the fact remains that it is the God’s own paradise on this earth…
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Kashmir: Point of Conflict between India and Pakistan
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While India uses the secular and pluralistic card to retain its part of Kashmir, Pakistan deploys the religious bogey to gain the control of Indian Kashmir. For the people of Kashmir, it is a fight for their identity, as they are not historically aligned to the culture of either country. Pakistan has under its control a sizable part of undivided Kashmir. Pakistani authorities name it as, “Azad Kashmir” Ancient History of Kashmir Kashmir has been the envy of many neighboring states, during past several centuries. The Hindu, Buddhist, Afghan and Mogul rulers left their impact on the culture and social environment for people of Kashmir. Hinduism arrived in Kashmir, around one thousand years back, replacing the Buddhist Monarchies that ruled the region for many centuries. Islamic arrival is the latest and most recent in the history of varying cultural and religious faith for the natives of Kashmir. An Irani sufi saint. ‘Hamdani’ arrived in Kashmir, along with his followers, around four hundred years back. He was responsible for mass conversion of Hindus into Islamic fold, starting with the royal queen, the wife of ruling king ‘vikramadity’.
This goes back to the era of undivided India under the British rule. Indian freedom struggle had compelled British monarchy for complete independence to India. Lord Mountbatten was the viceroy deployed by British authorities to look over the strategy for transfer of power. He designed the partition plan along with his assistant Ismay, who was British High Commissioner to India. The policy decision involved partition of Kashmir based on religion. Although Hindus and Muslims participated in the freedom struggle without any grudge against each other, British diplomacy wanted to create a wedge between the two communities. The British Empire was already on decline, during the years of 1945-47, following the World War. The move by British authorities, as executed by Lord Mountbatten, meant to retain their strategic position in the region. Creating a separate Islamic state, from undivided India could serve its purpose of maintaining sound relations with Islamic nations of the Middle and Southeast Asia. Lord Mountbatten was responsible for motivating Indian Muslim League leader Jinnah for demanding a separate nation for Muslims, while Nehru, the Indian National Congress Leader was persuaded to reconcile to the fact of partition. The leader of freedom movement, Mahatma Gandhi played the role of a catalyst, for this transition. .(Chaulia) Kashmir was a misfit While Sardar Patel persuaded many princely states of India to reunite and agree to accession with Union of India, Junagardh, Hyderabad and Kashmir remained the disputed areas, at the time of partition. Kashmir was not ruled entirely by British forces during their rule over India. Moguls had greater influence on Kashmir and its rulers. The Hindu king of Kashmir had to face revolt by Muslims for freedom. Already weakened by such crisis, Patel persuaded the king to sign the accession treaty, which he did unwillingly. However, Kashmir got involved in Indo-Pak conflict by the Pakistani invasion in 1947, as the newly created nation wanted to have control over Kashmir, based on the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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