Political Parties and the Electoral Process University Name Political Parties and the Electoral Process Introduction The political system has long been dominated by two major political parties. In recent history, the majority of Americans identify themselves as being either a Democrat or Republican…
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It is, therefore, important to examine the differences between the Democratic and Republican parties, the role that campaigns have played in maintaining this two party system, and the reasons why third party candidates have never been successful at the national level in a Presidential election. Ideological Differences There are many differences between the Republicans and Democrats, but let us on three fundamental areas that are often raised in political discussions. Abortion, for example, is one issue that has divided the political spectrum fro decades. Generally speaking, Democrats support the right of a woman to have an abortion, commonly referred to as being pro-choice (Bolce & Maio, 2002). Republicans, on the other hand, are generally considered to be pro-life and believe that abortion should be illegal. Consider the military. While both parties obviously are proud of the military and believe whole heartedly in America’s right to defend itself, Democrats are in favor of a smaller military and less spending on this area. Republicans, however, typically argue for increased spending on the military and its various services (Pletka, 2013). Finally, we can point out differences on the environmental front. Democrats are generally supportive of policies aimed at protecting the environment, while Republicans are considered to be much more cautious in this area and look to the private sector to take the lead (Newport, 2009). The Campaign Process and Third-Party Candidates Lack of Success It has been said that money dominates America’s political system, and perhaps nowhere can this be demonstrated more than the campaign process. With the largest businesses and private individuals giving substantial sums of money to one of the two major parties, it becomes readily apparent why third party candidates have struggle to even get on stage with one of the other Presidential contenders, much less make an impact. Candidates from the Republican and Democratic parties dominate the airwaves during a Presidential campaign, while third-party candidates struggle to have enough money to put up campaign posters. In addition, since candidates must separately register in each of the 50 states in America, the grassroots effort must be tremendous (Colquitt, 2008). As each of the two major parties have hundreds of thousands of supporters in any given location, this is relatively easy for them to accomplish. Third-party candidates, however, generally have extremely localized support, making it nearly impossible for them to get on the ballot in all 50 states. Since America’s electoral system takes into account state votes separately from one another, third-party candidates find themselves at a comparative disadvantage right out of the gate. For these reasons, and other, the political system in America continues do dominate the office of President, and that will likely continue for the foreseeable future. Conclusion While certain third-parties have certainly made inroads into the political system at the local level, there role in the national system certainly remains negligible at best. There are ideological differences, to be sure, between the two major political parties. Political fighting has grown at a feverish pace
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What makes it interesting though is that nearly all of the countries had professed establishing democracies patterned particularly after that of the United States. In practice, however, as history has proven, military dictatorships and despotic civilian rulers solidly backed by the armed forces and the economic and political elite took control of nations for a decade or more.
This is evidenced by the critical changes made by the respective governments with regard to political structure and context (Avila and Henriquez 4). The changes have seen the establishment of electoral management bodies that have played significant roles towards democratisation of the region.
The two parties, Republican and Democrat, certainly contain stark ideological differences. Those differences have divided the nation at times, and united it at others. In the end, most Americans continue to identify themselves as being a member of one of these two parties, even though the number of third-party and independent affiliations are on the rise.
These are parties that have massive support from different parts of the country and record a high number of votes. Though there are some other parties that are involved in the political scene, they still do not have support to match the two major political parties.
However, only two states held the election in 1789 these were Maryland and Pennsylvania. Each elector had two votes for the office the president. The majority winner become president and the runners up was automatically the vice president. The twelfth amendment requires one vote for vice president and one for president by the electors also known as the Electoral College.
defined as office holders, activities as well as voters that are linked to a group label and focus towards electing individuals of a specific label to public office (Ginsberg et. al 67). The US political system is made up of two parties: The Republican Party and the Democratic
The author states that these groups can be of several types; they may be working for the welfare of the masses i.e. “positive interest groups” or may be pursuing their interests i.e. “negative interest groups”. On the other hand, a political party or a political association primarily suggests an amalgamation of people aiming to influence policy.
(Bogdanor, 2006) The Conservative Party in the UK also had 2,800,000 individual members in the early part of 1950. Membership in political parties have however dwindled steadily over the years. By 1975 for example, membership of the Conservative Party had reduced from 2,800,000 to 1,500,000.
This essay discusses that if the electoral college system is replaced by a simple majority system then the whole election system should be modified – a nationalized body of government officials to be introduced with which the threat of ‘major fraud’ boosted up following some statistical data about fraud by federal officials.
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