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Electoral Systems: Compare Canada's Single-Member-Plurality electoral system with other types of electoral systems used around - Research Paper Example

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Name of student: Topic: Lecturer: Date of Presentation: Introduction Liberalism and Conservatism are terminologies used in the 19th Century and continue to be used to refer to the different ideologies held by an individual or a group of people mostly on political issues…
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Electoral Systems: Compare Canadas Single-Member-Plurality electoral system with other types of electoral systems used around
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Electoral Systems: Compare Canada's Single-Member-Plurality electoral system with other types of electoral systems used around

Download file to see previous pages... Liberalists believe in the ideals of freedom and liberty. John Locke espoused on the principles of liberalism in his Two Treatises of Government that guide political philosophy. One of the principles is that the government exists to serve people and the community it governs and its power is limited by natural rights of individuals and natural law. The role of government is thus to protect private rights. Liberalists thus believe in government involvement in family affairs, welfare state, social justice, government regulation, and emphasize on civil rights (Thompson, 2013). Conservatives on the other hand believe in strengthening of families, individualism, equal justice, low taxes, less government involvement, free market economy and emphasizes on freedom, property and parental rights. However, it all depends on the country in question as each country has its own values and traditions which affect how they interpret different issues. Those who subscribe to liberal political ideals in America are regarded as Democrats while conservatives are the Republicans. In Canada, there are two major parties: conservatives and liberalist just like in Britain. The aim of this paper is to discuss the evolution of conservatism and liberalism in Canada from the early twentieth century to the present looking into the kind of policies the parties subscribing to these ideologies have advocated over the years. These ideologies will then be compared with those of America to evaluate whether they are further or closer to the American version and determine the reasons for such changes. To discuss liberalism and conservatism in Canada, the various parties that have been in existence in Canada since 20th Century will be looked into especially the two major parties: Progressive Conservative Party and the Liberal Party which have dominated Canadian politics for decades. However, we cannot fail to recognize other players such as the New Democratic Party, Reformer Party, and Bloc Quebecois. The Liberal party was subscribing to liberal ideals in the 19th Century and Conservatives to conservative ideals but roles reversed in the 20th Century. The political culture of Canada is linked to North American and European political culture which emphasizes on freedom of religion, liberty, regional autonomy and constitutional law (Harowitz, 1966). This is not surprising bearing in mind that Canada was a British colony and even though it became a sovereign state, it was still under the influence of the British until later 20th Century. Canada has a parliamentary form of government whereby each province is under a Prime Minister and the governor general acted as a link between Canada and Britain. It holds its elections every four years just like America. The premier used to seek permission from the governor general to dissolve parliament until the King-Byang Affair of 1926 which led to the adoption of Statute of Westminster in 1931 which stated that governor generals no longer needed to act on recommendation of British government (Gagnon & Tanguay, 2007). In this affair, Prime minister Sir William Mackenzie King had requested governor general Lord Byng to dissolve parliament in order to serve his own interests but Byng refused, he emphasized the House of Commons of Canada should decide on the issue and not London since Canada a was a sovereign state. The goals of Canadian government according to Hill ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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