Adaptation to culture from the religious perspective is the toughest of the options for an individual as well as for the society. Buddhism arrived in China from India through the good work by the missionaries and the supportive role of the traders…
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This major development that left deep impact on the cultural life of China shaped during the Han Dynasty rule from 202 BC—220 AD. Though it made the introductory start during the reign of Han Dynasty, it has to wait till the decline of this dynasty to take roots challenging the strict Confucian beliefs. As it happens with most of the religions, there are several divisions within Buddhism. The division that took roots in China was Mahayana Buddhism with further subdivisions like Zen Buddhism, Pure Land Buddhism and Tibetan Buddhism - also known as Lamaism. The social conditions in China were ripe when Buddhism began to spread in China as it directly addressed the concept of human suffering and its possible solutions. After the fall of Han Dynasty, chaotic conditions prevailed in China, resulting in political vacuum. The various states were fighting each other for political and economic control and the country had turned directionless and destination-less. Many ethnic minorities and foreigners in China adopted Buddhism, as they thought it was the best option to distinguish them from the native Chinese. The initial competition of Buddhism was against Taoism, which was the native religion of China. Nevertheless, Taoism is as old as Buddhism. The two systems of beliefs spread together, and they were mutual competitors and they borrowed teachings from each other, with the result many Chinese today practice elements of both the schools of thought. As Buddhism became popular with the people, as the later Chinese rulers converted to Buddhism and the succeeding Sui and Tang Dynasties all adopted Buddhism as their religion. Political maneuvering also contributed to the spread of Buddhism. The foreign rulers of China like the Yuan Dynasty and the Manchus, used religion to justify their rule and connect with the Chinese people. The religion was also used by foreign rulers of China, such as the Yuan Dynasty and the Manchus, to connect with the Chinese and justify their rule. The Machus strived to draw a comparison between Buddhism, a foreign religion, and their own reign as foreign leaders. Buddhism gains foothold in China: One of the most standard figures in Chinese Buddhism is the Bodhisattva Guan Yin (the one who identifies the lamentations of the world). He is a superior being who helps to remove the suffering of the world and he is the important figure in the devotional practices of the Chinese Buddhists and followers of Taoism. Some of the biggest statues of Buddha in the world are in the mainland China. Mount Wutai is the most popular tourist site in Shanxi. Guan Yin means “Observing the Sounds (or Cries) of the (human) World." Apart from China, Guan Yin is highly respected in Asian Cultures thus a cultural affinity is established between China and other Asian countries like, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Thailand, Vietnam etc. He symbolizes the highpoint of mercy, compassion, kindness and love. His mission is to save all children of God and he is the ultimate enlightenment and is destined to become Buddha. Along with the arrival of Buddhism in China in the first century AD, Guan Yin’s worship was also introduced. His representations were masculine in appearance prior to the Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD). Since his preaching matched with that of Taoism, it appealed to the hearts of the Chinese people. With the increase in popularity of Buddhism later Chinese rulers converted to Buddhism. Sui and Tang Dynasties embraced Buddhism and declared it as their state religion. The religion was
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(Ancient China: How Was Buddhism, Originally an Indian Religion, Essay)
“Ancient China: How Was Buddhism, Originally an Indian Religion, Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1491632-ancient-china-how-was-buddhism-originally-an.
Buddhism has immensely contributed to shaping the religious ideology of the Chinese society, influencing their art, politics, literature, beliefs, and health care. During the era of the Tang Dynasty, Chinese Buddhism molded several spiritual masters. Academicians categorized Chinese Buddhism into almost a dozen schools.
Buddhism then reached China from India more than two millenniums ago, and that was during the Han Dynasty. This arrival of Buddhism to China was not smooth, as it conflicted with Confucianism (O'Brien). However, after a couple of decades, Buddhism was fully integrated to the Chinese society, as the ethical and spiritual values of this new theology well suited the old established ethical views of the Chinese people.
It presented an implausible, impeccable and hallucinating grand cultural banquet of the Chinese traditional cultural elements combined with modern developmental signs and the Olympic spirit, a formidable feat that that attracted the eyes of the world” (Bruce 2008).
Although he studied Brahmanism, he rejected it and reached enlighten as he assumed the title of Buddha which means one who is awakened. He commanded large following until the time of his death after which the council of Buddhist Onk collected and recorded his teachings as well as his oral traditions in the written form.
Buddhism teaches that existence involves an amount of unhappiness and that the sole cause of unhappiness is an individual's attachment to material desires, which are only temporary. Therefore, happiness can be acquired by detachment from worldly things. Buddhism defined nirvana which is a blissful state free from ego which is available only to those who follow the Noble Eightfold Path (Buddhism 213).
The term Sanatan Dharma describes the religion of the original inhabitants of India. It is also termed as Hinduism. The Vedas are believed to be eternal and all branches of religions and philosophy, to be considered authentic have to be based on their authority.
Even though the concept of monotheism was unheard of in Mesopotamia, a worshipper could center on a single deity as the entity of his own worship and reverence, without assuming that his own deity was unique. They believed that everything was cyclic, and probably considered life and death as such as well.
In Hinduism home is the heart of the shrine as Hindu women set out for a statues based worship environment in their homes (Smith). Hindu families at homes perform regular worship rituals which they consider as the fundamental element of their religion. In respect of
The Asian region is divided into several regions namely East, North, Central, Southeast, West and South Asia. Most of the people in Asia are natives who have lived in the region for many years and there are very few immigrants in the region. Most of the countries in Asia have strict immigration policies.
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