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History of the Jews: The Medieval and Early Modern Periods - Essay Example

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College Date 1. 70 CE IN THE JEWISH HISTORY 70 CE refers to the seventieth year of the current era that is commonly known as AD or the time after Christ. This era has an important Jewish historical event where the prophecy of the second siege of the temple was accomplished…
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History of the Jews: The Medieval and Early Modern Periods
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Download file to see previous pages The destruction made everyone realize that the revolt had failed but the war continued for three years until the defeat of the Jews with the fall of Masada in 73 CE and many of the Jews joined Diaspora as slaves. It is clear that the war and the destruction of the temple were significant events seriously altered the competition and equilibrium among the constellation of religious groups. This lead to the legacy of the Rabbinic Judaism, which was reestablished by the pharisaic sect, and the rabbinic had a profound and lasting influence on the Jewish people and religion (Botticini and Eckstein 81). The complete change of Judaism into a literate religion was an outcome of the destruction of the temple, which destroyed one pillar of Judaism and made the other that is the written and Oral Torah, which is the surviving core of the religious practice that forced parents to educate their children. 2. Halakhah This is a term used to define the laws and the legal side of Judaism and it consists of the Jews religious laws such as the biblical law, Talmudic and rabbinic as well as the habits and traditions of Judaism. This shows the totality of laws and ordinances that have evolved since biblical era to regulate religious strictness and the day-by-day life and behavior of the Jewish people (Sandberg 2). One of the Halakhar law is the definition of a Jew as a person who is born of the Jewish mother or is halakhically transformed and the also covering of hair was compulsory to all women. Each period of Jewish civilization, affect how Jewish law is developed or discontinued in order to balance the need to remain loyal to the torah and its commandments with the adaptations and changes that serve the interests of Jewish people. Thus, the Halakhah has continually developed and altered to suit the changing fact in every generation such as the law of women covering their head has been changed and now women are only to cover their heads while praying. Halakhah can be extended quite far to react to new circumstances with wisdom and sensitivity while yet retaining its moorings. A good example is the Jews belief in the universal significance of their religion and this did not change even with the fact that they could no longer contest with the other cultures and but they had to invest in safeguarding their own cultural-religious by maintaining a fixed command of their way of life. 7. The Golden Age in Spain It started in the mid-eighth century along the south and west rim of the Mediterranean Sea where the Jews were widely permitted and accepted under Islamic rule and the Jewish religious, culture and economic life was developed. The Jews lived in convergence with both Muslims and Christians since the Muslims granted them the right to their own courts of law, and guarantee of safety of their property with only an exemption from military service. Thus, allowing the Jews to experience a Golden Age where the Jewish poets, scholars, scientist, statesmen and philosophers thrived within and integral part of Arab civilization. Among the greatest achievements was the perfection of the tradition of the paytanim prayers and poems as well as the opening of schools for study of Torah that indicated a mutual respect and peace of the Jews and Arabs (Weiss 84). The Jews were grated freedom that allowed them to grow and prosper in all ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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